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10 Kronur 1957, Iceland

in Krause book Number: 38b
Years of issue: 21.06.1957
Edition: --
Signatures: Vilhjálmur Þór, Jón G. Maríasson
Serie: 21 June 1957 Issue
Specimen of: 21.06.1957
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 130 х 70
Printer: Bradbury, Wilkinson & Company Limited, New Malden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Kronur 1957

Description

Watermark:

Avers:

10 Kronur 1957

Jon Eiriksson

Portrait of Jon Eirickson - Danish-Icelandic scientist (1728-1787). Was director of the Royal Library in Copenhagen. Wrote several works in Latin about ancient inhabitants of Scandinavia, published and translated "Speculum regale" (1768) and "Saga de Gunnlaug Ormstunga" (1775, 1776 with remarks). This engraving is made after the painting by Brynjólfur Þórðarson (Thordarson) (1896-1938), who, made the portrait, based on a drawing by Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen.

masque masque

With this bust happened the whole story.

In 1794 Bertel Thorvaldsen did the bust of Jon Eirickson, which was to be installed in Iceland. When sculpting a bust, he took the mask, that has been removed from the Eirickson's face, after his death.

However, in 1825, during transport in Iceland, the bust was broken, but the face mask has remained intact. Today it is kept in the National Museum, in Reykjavik, Iceland.

Later, in 1888, Thorvaldsens Museum in Copenhagen, Denmark, acquired a plaster cast after the original model, which is now kept there.

On the background is a fishing trawler.

Denominations in numerals are at the top and in lower left and top right corners. In the middle in words.

Revers:

10 Kronur 1957

Reykjavíkurhoefn

The fishing boats in Reykjavíkurhöfn (Reykjavík Harbour).

The oldest part, Ingólfsgarður, was built from 1913 to 1915. Was completed in 1917 by Örfiriseyjargarður.

On the background is mountain Esja.

The mountain Esja (914 m. (2,999 ft)) often called Esjan ("the Esja") is situated in the south-west of Iceland, about 10 km to the north of Iceland's capital city Reykjavík. Esja is not a single mountain, but a volcanic mountain range, made from basalt and tuff-stone.

In lower left corner is the seal of Landsbanki Islands.

coat iceland

It was used coat of arms of Iceland as seal of Bank.

The coat of arms of Iceland displays a silver-edged, red cross on blue shield (blazoned: Azure, on a cross argent a cross gules). This alludes to the design of the flag of Iceland. The supporters are the four protectors of Iceland (landvættir) standing on a pahoehoe lava block. The bull (Griðungur) is the protector of southwestern Iceland, the eagle or griffin (Gammur) protects northwestern Iceland, the dragon (Dreki) protects the northeastern part, and the rock-giant (Bergrisi) is the protector of southeastern Iceland. Great respect was given to these creatures of Iceland, so much that there was a law during the time of the Vikings that no ship should bear grimacing symbols (most often dragonheads on the bow of the ship) when approaching Iceland. This was so the protectors would not be provoked unnecessarily

Denominations in numerals are in three corners.

Comments:

Designer: Halldór Pétursson (1916-1977).

There are two varieties of this notes. The word Reykjavikurhofn can be written with dots above O and without.

article

An article in an Icelandic newspaper, issued in 1970, about a series of banknotes.