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25 Krooni 1992, Estonia

in Krause book Number: 73b
Years of issue: 20.06.1992
Signatures: President: Siim Kallas, Noukogu Liige: R. Hagelberg
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 20.06.1992
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 70
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

25 Krooni 1992




The picture of three azure leopards with red tongues in the middle, with golden oak branches placed on both sides (from Estonian coat of arms).


25 Krooni 1992

Anton Hansen Tammsaare

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Anton Hansen Tammsaare.

Anton Hansen Tammsaare (also known as A. H. Tammsaare; born Anton Hansen 30 January 1878 - 1 March 1940), was an Estonian writer whose pentalogy "Truth and Justice" ("Tõde ja õigus", 1926-1933) is considered one of the major works of Estonian literature and "The Estonian Novel".

Tammsaare was born in Järvamaa, in the municipality of Albu, village of Vetepere, the son of a farmer. He came from a poor background, but managed to collect enough money for his education. More so his family was quite enlightened for the time, with his father for instance ordering newspapers, which most Estonian farmers didn't. He studied in Väike-Maarja and Tartu in Hugo Treffner's Gymnasium, and afterwards at the University of Tartu, where he studied law. Tammsaare's studies were interrupted by tuberculosis in 1911. He spent over a year in a sanatorium in Sochi - where his memorial house is open to the public - and the following six years in his brother's farm in Koitjärve, Estonia (now part of Põhja-Kõrvemaa Nature Reserve), reading works of Cervantes, Shakespeare and Homer.

In 1918, when Estonia became independent, Tammsaare moved to Tallinn. It was here that Tammsaare wrote those prose works, based on the history and lives of the Estonian people, which have gained him a prominent place in Estonian literature.

Tammsaare was interested in philosophy and psychology. His novels reflect the ideas of Bergson, Jung and Freud . He was, however, sceptical about cosmopolitanism. “European culture”, he wrote “is something to be overcome if one wishes to see the triumph of love, justice and humanity spoken of so glibly.” He believed (like C.R. Jakobson and Jaan Tõnnison's 'Tartu Renaissance' group) that Estonian culture was best served by farmers and intellectuals from rural backgrounds. His work was influenced( at various stages) by Oscar Wilde, Knut Hamsun and André Gide, but, above all, by the Russian realists. “In the whole of world literature," said Tammsaare, I have never read anything to compare to the Russians … there is no one to compare to Tolstoy, Dostoievsky or Gogol" … Dostoievsky “really disturbed me: I lived in a waking dream under his influence. I was especially gripped by Crime and punishment (reference: A.H Tammsaare. L. Siimisker, A.Palm. Eesti Rammat. Tallinn 1978. P:64).

Tammsaare's early works are characterized by rural "poetic" realism. Some of his stories also reflect the atmosphere of the revolutionary year of 1905. During what is sometimes classified as his second period, from 1908 to 1919, he wrote several short urban novels and collections of miniatures. In "Poiss ja liblik" (1915, "The Boy and the Butterfly"), Tammsaare shows the influence of Oscar Wilde. Internationally best known is his last novel "Devil with a False Passport".

"Truth and Justice" comprises five volumes, which have no individual titles (some were added in translation). Since vol. 3 contains a description about the Russian Revolution of 1905, which is not informed by ideology but by an existential attention to individual suffering, it was often combined with vol. 2 by Soviet censorship.

Even today, the third volume is sometimes called "artistically inferior", although the description of the revolution is on par with similar scenes in Pasternak's Doctor Zhivago. In Estonia, the second volume, with its Tartu educational scenes, is today probably the most enjoyed. International critics would probably opt for vol. 1 as the strongest overall; it is a classical peasant novel reminiscent of Hamsun which is also generally held to be the most telling one about "the Estonian character", embodied especially in two antagonistic farmer figures Andres and Pearu. Tammsaare himself said later that the different volumes deal with the relation of Man (i.e., the human person) to (1) the land, (2) God, (3) State and society, (4) him- or herself and (5) resignation.

"Truth and Justice" has never been translated into English until 2014, when Haute Culture Books published the first volume of the saga under the name "Andres and Pearu". There are two complete translations into German and one into French, Latvian and Czech. Volume 1 has also been translated into Finnish, Polish and Hungarian (with the title, Orcad veritekevel).

Anton Hansen Tammsaare died on March 1, 1940 of a heart attack, at age 62.

Tammsaare Tammsaare

In the background is a swampy forest landscape.

"Standing at the gate, his back to the farm, looking at the swamp (forest), you can imagine that once upon a time, a shepherd Eedi (the hero of the novel of Tammsaare) heard wafting through the fields chimes and looked longingly at the church Yaarva-Madise but ... "... where will you go when you have patched trousers, and on your head - a homemade cap."


In upper right corner is the emblem of the Bank of Estonia.

In fact, it is the same three azure leopards from coat of arms of the country.

Denominations in numerals are in lower corners and at the top.


25 Krooni 1992

Anton Hansen Tammsaare

A view of Vargamäe village or Tammsaare-Põhja talu (in Estonian) - homeland of Anton Hansen Tammsaare.

The Anton Hansen Tammsaare Museum was established in the writer’s birthplace in 1958. A restored traditional farmhouse, barn, cottagers’ house, fences were added at the same location in 1978, along with hiking trails in the surrounding bogs. You can visit the A.H. Tammsaare Museum in the summer from Tuesday to Sunday; in the winter from Wednesday to Sunday. Interesting fact:

The location of the museum is popularly known as Vargamäe from the scene of his novel "Truth and Justice". The author describes the people and nature from his childhood home in his works.

Tammsaare’s works have been translated into over 20 languages. Tammsaare himself was also an avid translator. (

The bridge in the swamp will guide you through the swamp. This is the narrow space between the marsh islands and Tanksemyae Tammsaare, its bottom since the time of Peeter Hansen and Jacob Sikenberga filled with brushwood, stones and turf. And here recently we brought a lot of sand.

The refectory is located on the site of a former barn. In the old days we are kept fresh hay now - offer treats for the stomach.

Tammsaare Tammsaare

Barn - is the only surviving building, built with his own father writer Peeter Hansen. Thatched roof construction replaced the roof of reeds. The barn was built just above the surface of the earth, so that the space under the floor of the windy, so all the rooms of the barn were dry and clean. The building consisted of three parts, each of which performs its functions: a pantry - clothes, granary and storage - for products. In the room was spacious shelter for livestock. Later, a native of the hamlet Augusts Hansen built another barn near the gate.


The cellar was built by the brother of the writer by August Hansen in the thirties of the twentieth century. It consists of two buildings: one stored potatoes, and in the second - jam, apples and so on. Ventilation of the room is carried out by an air pipe.

The initial view of residential barn was restored in 1976. Built in the latter part of the 19th century house where the writer was born, unfortunately, it was destroyed by fire in 1945. Living rig consists of two porch, two rooms (in the back room living father, mother and the younger children in front - the rest of the family), pantry, storage, barn, threshing, myakinnik, pigsties and storage space for food.

Residential building was built by the brother of the writer Augusto Hansen in 1934. During the life of Augusta used only the lower floor of the house - living room, dining room, bedroom, bathroom daughters, maid's room and a kitchen. In 1958, on the second floor of the house opened a museum. Today's exhibition tells the story of the family Hansen introduces the works of the writer AH Tammsaare.

Shed for cattle was an ordinary rectangular structure measuring 20.5 by 8.9 meters. In the center is a large utility room on the sides - Version: on the one hand - a cow, the other - the sheep, and on each side - even on senohranilischu.

Barnyard fence were built long and strong that the animals have not penetrated very valuable arable land. The animals were kept behind strong fences of poles. rus.)

Denomination in numeral and in words is at the bottom.


The paper of the banknotes contains security fibres of different colour.

Each note contains a security strip.

Each banknote has a seven-digit serial number printed in black.

Security strip.

The Sketches of the bills in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 and 100 Krooni are made by artists Urmas Ploomipuu and Vladimir Taiger. On banknotes are depicted cultural and architectural monuments in Estonia.