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500 Sum 1999, Uzbekistan

in Krause book Number: 81
Years of issue: 1999
Edition: --
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1994 Serie
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 144 x 78
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Sum 1999

Description

Watermark:

watermark

On wide white space on right side of the note there is a local watermark with picture of the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Avers:

500 Sum 1999

On the left part of the banknote there is a narrow white field in the form of the belt of 4 mm. width. Almost through the centre of the bank-note a security metallized polyester thread of 1,2 mm. width is located with continuous white colour micro-text “ЎЗБЕКИСТОН” (Uzbekistan) with interchange of direct and inversion location of the letters. The Dominant colours of the obverse are light green, cherry blossom, dark red, violet.

On the upper part of the dark violet belt is a text "ЎЗБЕКИСТОН РЕСПУБЛИКАСИ - МАРКАЗИЙ БАНКИ" (Bank of Republic of Uzbekistan) in a light tone with dark violet shadow.

coat of arms

On the left part of the banknote against a background of several multicoloured guilloche rosettes the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Uzbekistan is placed.

The state emblem of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. It is similar to the emblem of the previous Uzbek SSR. Like other post-Soviet republics whose symbols do not predate the October Revolution, the current emblem retains some components of the Soviet one. Prior to 1992, Uzbekistan had an emblem similar to all other Soviet Republics.

The emblem is in the form of a circle and mainly bears the national colors blue, white, and green. On the left there is a cotton plant and to the right wheat borders the coat of arms, cotton and wheat are the two major agricultural products of the country.

It is surmounted by the star of Rub El Hizb (۞), a symbol of Islam, which a majority of Uzbek profess.

In the middle, a Khumo, symbol of happiness and love of freedom, beats its wings. In the background a birds eye view of Uzbekistan is painted. The rising sun over the mountains with its sun rays rounds off the image.

The two rivers behind the bird, leading to the mountains, symbolize the Amu Darya and Syr Darya.

On the right side there are elements of ornament in the form of polyhedron with acute angles. On the left, a little above the Coat of Arms, is an ornament in the form of quadrangles, which coincides with the picture on reverse of the banknote. Under the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the seven numeral numbers with the two letter prefix series in Latin.

The same number and series, drawn in black colour with addition of special magnetic colour, are duplicated on the lower right part of the banknote on white field. On the right lower part of the picture, inside of ornamental frame the denomination of the banknote is depicted by the numbers "500" in light lilac colour, on which it is written "СЎМ" (Sum) with big letters in dark red colour.

On the left and right lower corners of the banknote is the denomination of the banknote, depicted by the number "500" in dark blue colour. Under the ornamental frame of dark red colour, in the quadrangle, is the text: "ЎЗБЕКИСТОН СЎМИ РЕСПУБЛИКА ҲУДУДИДА ҲАММА ТЎЛОВЛАР УЧУН ЎЗ ҚИЙМАТИ БЎЙИЧА ҚАБУЛ ҚИ-ЛИНИШИ ШАРТ" ("Sum payments in the republic of Uzbekistan should be recognized for its value") is written in one line.

The ornamental frame of the banknote, the inscription "ЎЗБЕКИСТОН РЕСПУБЛИКАСИ МАРКАЗИЙ БАНКИ", the Coat of Arms, numbers "500" located on the left and right sides, as well as ornament placed on the upper part of the wide white field of the banknote, are made using metallographic printing, that gives sensation of thickness of ink while touching with the banknote by tips of the fingers. On the right upper part of ornamental frame is the number "500" made by concealed printing, visible during refraction of rays of the sun or light. In the white field of the bank-note below the number "500" is and under it there is a continuous text: "ЎЗБЕКИСТОН РЕСПУБЛИКАСИ МАРКАЗИЙ БАНКИ", made by micro-printing and visible by magnifier.

Such line, with the same microtext, is located on the upper part of the banknote as prolongation of ornamental frame. On the upper part of a white field is the inscription "1999", indicating the year of issue. Below the inscription is a rosette, changing the tone of its colour from green to red depending on the corner of observation. Under the light of ultra-violet rays are visible, chaotically embedded in paper, green and blue grains over all note and over the right part of the frame. On the left lower central part of the note is the seven numerals number with two letter series of Latin alphabet, made up in dark green colour. On the left of the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Uzbekistan in three lines one under another the numerals "500" of different height shine.

Revers:

500 Sum 1999

The Dominant colours of the obverse are are dark red, green and blue..

monument

Centered, against blue background, is the sculpture of Amir Timur on the horse (drawn in dark red colour).

The monument was erected in the Square of Amir Timur in Tashkent.

The Square in center of Tashkent, now bears the name "Amir Temur Square", was laid in front of the headquarters of the Turkestan military district on the initiative of Mikhail Chernyaev and architect Nikolai Ulyanov in 1882, at the intersection of two main streets of the new city - Moscow and Kaufmanovskiy prospects. The name of the square was "Konstantinovsky park".

Amir Timur Monument was inaugurated on August 31, 1994. It is located in the heart of the capital, in one of the most beautiful and cozy squares, which also bears the name of the great commander. After the proclamation of independence of Uzbekistan, in 1993, a symbolic monument to Karl Marx (located on the site) has been removed as not meeting the new state ideology.

On the eve of the third anniversary of Uzbekistan's Independence Square was renamed the "Amir Temur Square", and in its center was opened a new monument by sculptor Ilhom Jabbarov - a bronze horse statue of Tamerlane - a great statesman and commander of the Middle Ages, one of the founders of the Uzbek statehood, called ideologically consolidate society around the great achievements of their ancestors. Present at the opening ceremony the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov made a speech in which he said: "Our people, for many years was in the colonial grip, was deprived of the opportunity to check out his great compatriot, to pay tribute to its historical merit."

Timur (Persian: تیمور‎ Timūr, Chagatai: Temür, Uzbek: Temur; died 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane (Persian: تيمور لنگ‎ Timūr(-e) Lang, "Timur the Lame"), was a Turco-Mongol conqueror and the founder of the Timurid dynasty in Central Asia.

Born into the Barlas confederation in Transoxiana during the 1320s or 1330s, Timur gained control of the Western Chagatai Khanate by 1370. From that base, he led military campaigns across Western, South and Central Asia and emerged as the most powerful ruler in the Muslim world after defeating the Mamluks of Egypt and Syria, the emerging Ottoman Empire and the declining Delhi Sultanate. From these conquests he founded the Timurid Empire, although it fragmented shortly after his death.

Timur is considered the last of the great nomadic conquerors of the Eurasian Steppe, and his empire set the stage for the rise of the more structured and lasting Gunpowder Empires in the 1500s and 1600s.

Timur envisioned the restoration of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. "In his formal correspondence Temur continued throughout his life as the restorer of Chinggisid rights. He even justified his Iranian, Mamluk and Ottoman campaigns as a re-imposition of legitimate Mongol control over lands taken by usurpers". As a means of legitimating his conquests, Timur relied on Islamic symbols and language, referring to himself as the "Sword of Islam" and patronizing educational and religious institutions. He converted nearly all the Borjigin leaders to Islam during his lifetime. "Temur, a non-Chinggisid, tried to build a double legitimacy based on his role as both guardian and restorer of the Mongol Empire." Timur also decisively defeated the Christian Knights Hospitaller at Smyrna, styling himself a ghazi. By the end of his reign, Timur had gained complete control over all the remnants of the Chagatai Khanate, Ilkhanate, and Golden Horde and even attempted to restore the Yuan dynasty.

Timur's armies were inclusively multi-ethnic and were feared throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe, sizable parts of which were laid waste by his campaigns. Scholars estimate that his military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population.

He was the grandfather of the renowned Timurid sultan, astronomer and mathematician Ulugh Beg, who ruled Central Asia from 1411 to 1449, and the great-great-great-grandfather of Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire, which ruled parts of South Asia for over three centuries, from 1526 until 1857. Timur is also recognized as a great patron of art and architecture, as he interacted with Muslim intellectuals such as Ibn Khaldun and Hafiz-i Abru.

On the blue background consisted of a quantity of thin lines disposed under the different inclination an anti-copy print "Х" is represented.

The blue background is edged by guilloche lines in the form of serpentine ribbon on the left and upper sides. On the right side of the sculpture it is depicted a multicoloured rosette with the ornament made in national style. On the lower part of the banknote in quadrangle a micro-text "ЎЗБЕКИСТОН СЎМИНИ ҚАЛБАКИЛАШТИРИШ ҚОНУНГА МУВОФИҚ ТАЪҚИБ ҚИЛИНАДИ" ("Counterfeiters of Uzbekistan Sums are prosecuted in accordance with the criminal law") of dark red colour takes place. Against a background of ornamental multicoloured elements on the right lower corner there are inscriptions "500" and "СЎМ" (Sum) in different colour located on each other. Against yellow background on the left upper corner there is the same inscriptions “500” and “СЎМ” in monotonous dark red colour but in fewer dimensions. On the ornamental frame, on the left lower corner of the banknote a large numeral "500" is drawn in dark red colour. Ornamental frames, sculpture of Amir Timur on the horse, the numerals “500" and "СЎМ" are made by the use of metallographic printing that gives sensation of thickness of ink, while touching with the banknote by tips of the fingers. Under the light of ultra-violet rays it is visible chaotically embedded in paper green and blue grains as well as ornamental part and a background.

Comments:

On July 1, 1994, a second sum was introduced at a rate of 1 new sum = 1000 old sum. This sum is subdivided into 100 Tiyin.

The rampant inflation situation is considered a politically sensitive issue in Uzbekistan, which is why the Uzbek government is slow to acclimate the currency to the current value by issuing higher coin and note denominations.