Top
header Notes Collection

10 Rupees 1938, British Burma

in Krause book Number: 5
Years of issue: 1938
Edition: --
Signatures: Governor: Mr. C.E.James (1941)
Serie: Serie 1938 - 1939
Specimen of: 1938
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 145 х 83
Printer: Issue Department of the Bank of India

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Rupees 1938

Description

Watermark:

watermark

HM The King George VI.

Avers:

10 Rupees 1938

On the right side HM The King George VI.

George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George, 14 December 1895, York Cottage, Sandringham House, Norfolk, United Kingdom - 6 February 1952, Sandringham House, Norfolk) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death. He was the last Emperor of India and the first Head of the Commonwealth. Until 1947 the Emperor of India.

HM The King George VIThe traditional profile of the monarch for a picture on the banknotes and coins. Made with a photo shoots on the coronation of George VI, made in 1937.

On His Majesty is St Edward's Crown.

St Edward's Crown

St Edward's Crown is one of the oldest of British Crown Jewels and is considered the principal piece of the Regalia, being the coronation crown traditionally used in the coronation of first English, then British, monarchs, including Queen Elizabeth II, who now reigns as the monarch of 16 independent Commonwealth realms. The crown takes its name from St Edward the Confessor, although the present crown is in fact a reconstruction made for the coronation of King Charles II in 1661, following the destruction of its medieval predecessor during the Interregnum by order of Oliver Cromwell. Two-dimensional representations of the crown are used in coats of arms, badges, and various other insignia throughout the Commonwealth realms to indicate the authority of the reigning sovereign, reflecting the executive governmental authority in and of each realm.

The present St Edward's Crown contains much of the crown made in 1661. It is constructed of solid gold. The design comprises a base, with four crosses pattée alternating with four fleurs-de-lis, above which rise four half-arches surmounted by a monde and cross, all set with 444 precious stones. Within this gold frame there is a velvet cap with an ermine border, which protrudes below the base. The stones were formerly hired for each coronation and then detached, leaving only the frame. However, in 1911 the jewels were set permanently. A number of changes were made for the coronations of King James II (a new monde) and King William III (the base being changed from its original circular form to a more natural oval one). The crown was also made slightly smaller to fit the head of King George V, the first monarch to be crowned with St. Edward's Crown in over two hundred years. The crown was, however, carried in procession at other coronations at which it was not actually worn.

Queen Victoria and King Edward VII chose not to be crowned with St Edward's Crown because of its weight of 4 lb 12 oz (2.2 kg) and instead used the lighter Imperial State Crown. St. Edward's Crown was placed on the coffin of Edward VII for his lying in state and funeral in 1910, and was used for the coronation of his crowned successors; Kings George V in 1911 and George VI in 1937 and at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. On 4 June 2013, it was displayed on the altar in Westminster Abbey at the sixtieth anniversary service of the Queen's coronation-the first time it had left the Tower of London since 1953.

Although always regarded as the "official" coronation crown, in fact, only a minority of monarchs have been crowned with the re-made St. Edward's Crown. These were Charles II (1661), James II (1685), William III (1689), George V (1911), George VI (1937) and Elizabeth II (1953). All other English and British monarchs were crowned with other crowns: Queens Mary II and Anne with small diamond crowns of their own; Kings George I, George II, George III, and William IV with George I's new state crown; King George IV with a large new diamond crown; and Queen Victoria and King Edward VII with Victoria's 1838 Imperial State Crown. Before 1649, many monarchs were crowned with the original St. Edward's Crown, though they often had several crowns placed on their head during the ceremony.

Serial number is lower, centered.

plowing riceLower - Burmese peasant with water buffaloes are plowing rice.

The water buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is a large bovid originating in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China. Today, it is also found in Europe, Australia, and some American countries. The wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) native to Southeast Asia is considered a different species, but most likely represents the ancestor of the domestic water buffalo. Water buffaloes are especially suitable for tilling rice fields, and their milk is richer in fat and protein than that of dairy cattle. The large feral population of northern Australia became established in the late 19th century, and smaller feral herds are in New Guinea, Tunisia, and northeastern Argentina. There are at least 130 million domestic water buffalo, and more human beings depend on them than on any other domestic animal.

plowing riceBurmese stamp 3 Annas and 6 Paisa - Burmese peasant with water buffaloes are plowing rice.

plowing riceBurmese stamps, issued in japanese occupation period - Burmese peasant with water buffaloes are plowing rice.

ox cartLower (right) - Burmese ox cart.

In Myanmar rural areas as the villages are not accessible with motor road, transportation is mainly depends rely on the cattle driven carts. Oxen or buffaloes are used to pull the carts. The structure of the carts is very simple made out of wood. Since these carts are used on the rough road called cart-track with heavy load the both structure and material should be strong enough. Two bullocks or buffaloes pull the cart by means of a wooden yoke fixed across the necks of two animals. Tow cart wheels are also made by strong teak wood with thick spokes and a iron rim. These wheels are connected with strong axle made from a hard wood called iron wood.

The hub of the wheels is specially made from a hard wood called Padauk. Light carts are also used in Myanmar villages by the rich people just for riding only. (www.myanmarbravo.com)

Denominations in numerals and in words is centered. In numerals are in top left and lower right corners, in words in top right and lower left corners.

Revers:

10 Rupees 1938

Centered are the harbor and two dhows.

dhow

A picture of a two-masted, three-sail cargo-laden boat/dhow (defined as a native Arab/Indian sailing vessel used on the Arabian Sea, generally with a single mast capable of carrying 100 to 200 tons of cargo).

Lower (left) is a fisherman. Lower (right) are two people with Burmese Sampan.

sampan

A sampan (Chinese: 舢舨) is a relatively flat bottomed Chinese wooden boat. Some sampans include a small shelter on board, and may be used as a permanent habitation on inland waters. Sampans are generally used for transportation in coastal areas or rivers, and are often used as traditional fishing boats. It is unusual for a sampan to sail far from land as they do not have the means to survive rough weather.

The word "sampan" comes from the original Hokkien term for the boats, 三板 (sam pan), literally meaning "three planks". The name referred to the hull design, which consists of a flat bottom (made from one plank) joined to two sides (the other two planks). The design closely resembles Western hard chine boats like the scow or punt.

Sampans may be propelled by poles, oars (particularly a single, long sculling oar called a yuloh) or may be fitted with outboard motors. They are still in use by rural residents of Southeast Asia, particularly Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar) and Vietnam.

On the right and left sides are stylized flowers, presumably from the Orchid family.

Denomination is on the left side.

Comments:

In 1938, the first regular issue of Burmese notes was made by the Reserve Bank of India, in denominations of 5, 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 rupees.

Banknote signed by Sir James Braid Taylor.

C.D. Deshmukh

Sir James Braid Taylor, KCIE (21 April 1891 - 17 February 1943) was the second Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, holding office from 1 July 1937 until his death on 17 February 1943. He succeeded Sir Osborne Smith who was the Governor from 1 April 1935 to 30 June 1937. He was appointed a CIE in the 1933 New Year Honours List, knighted in the 1935 Silver Jubilee and Birthday Honours List and further appointed a KCIE in the 1939 Birthday Honours List.

Taylor, a member of the Indian Civil Service, served as a Deputy Controller in the Currency Department of the Government of India for over a decade. He later became the Controller of Currency, and additionally secretary in the Finance Department. He then became the Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank and succeeded Smith as the Governor. He was closely associated with the preparation and piloting of the Reserve Bank of India Bill. He governed the bank during the war years and was involved in decision to move from a silver currency to fiat money. Even though he was the second Governor, his signature was the first to appear on the currency notes of the Indian rupee. His second term came to an end when he died in office on 17 February 1943. He was succeeded by Sir C. D. Deshmukh, who became the first Indian to lead the Reserve Bank of India.