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1 Dollar 2009, Zimbabwe

in Krause book Number: 92a
Years of issue: 02.02.2009
Edition: --
Signatures: Governor: Dr. G. Gono
Serie: 2009 Serie
Specimen of: 02.02.2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 148 х 74
Printer: Fidelity Printers and Refinery, Msasa Industrial area, Harare

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1 Dollar 2009

Description

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Avers:

1 Dollar 2009

balancing rocks

The Balancing Rocks are geomorphological features of igneous rocks found in many parts of Zimbabwe, and are particularly noteworthy in Matopos National Park and near the township of Epworth to the southeast of Harare. The formations are of natural occurrence in a perfectly balanced state without other support. Their popularity grew when the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe featured the formations on the last series of Zimbabwean banknotes.

The Balancing Rocks have been used as a metaphorical theme to explain the importance of development coupled with preserving the fragile environment of Zimbabwe as similar to that of the Balancing Rocks found in Epworth, Matopos and in other areas.

bird

In lower right corner is a profile of the stone-carved Zimbabwe Bird. It is the national emblem of Zimbabwe, appearing on the national flags and coats of arms of both Zimbabwe and Rhodesia, as well as on banknotes and coins (first on Rhodesian pound and then Rhodesian dollar). It probably represents the Bateleur eagle or the African Fish Eagle.

The original carved birds are from the ruined city of Great Zimbabwe, which was built by ancestors of the Shona, starting in the 11th century and continuing for over 300 years. The ruins, after which modern Zimbabwe was named, cover some 1,800 acres (7.3 km²) and are the largest ancient stone construction in Zimbabwe. Among its notable elements are the soapstone bird sculptures, about 16 inches tall and standing on columns more than a yard tall, were installed on walls and monoliths of the ancient city of Great Zimbabwe. They are believed to have been a sign of the royal presence.

After the ruins of Great Zimbabwe were discovered by European colonists in the late nineteenth century, they took five of the carved birds to the Cape Colony and sold them to its leader Cecil Rhodes. A German missionary came to own the pedestal of one bird, which he sold to the Ethnological Museum in Berlin in 1907. At the independence of Zimbabwe in 1981, the South African government returned four of the statues to the country; the fifth is held at Groote Schuur, Rhodes' former home in Cape Town. In 2003, the German museum returned the portion of bird's pedestal to Zimbabwe.

On background are stylized grains and livestock (cows, pigs).

Denominations in numerals are repeated 5 times, in words lover.

Revers:

1 Dollar 2009

Sadza

Village scene. Two workers pounding in a mortar - making Sadza.

Sadza in Shona (isitshwala in isiNdebele, or pap, vuswa or bogobe in South Africa, or nsima in the Chichewa language, or Ugali in Kenya) or phaletšhe in Botswana, is a cooked maize meal that is the staple food in Zimbabwe and other parts of Southern Africa.

Sadza is made with finely ground dry maize/corn maize (Mealie-Meal). This maize meal is referred to as hupfu in Shona or impuphu in Ndebele. Despite the fact that maize is an imported food crop to Zimbabwe (c. 1890), it has become the chief source of carbohydrate and the most popular meal for indigenous people. Locals either purchase the mealie meal in retail outlets or produce it in a grinding mill from their maize.

Zimbabweans prefer white maize meal. However, during times of famine or hardship, they resorted to eating yellow maize meal, which is sometimes called "Kenya," because it was once imported from that nation. Before the introduction of maize, sadza was made from zviyo finger millet.

Sadza is typically served on individual plates, but traditionally sadza was eaten from a communal bowl, a tradition that is still maintained by some families mainly in the rural areas. It is generally eaten with the right hand without the aid of cutlery; often rolled into a ball before being dipped into a variety of condiments such as sauce/gravy, sour milk, or stewed vegetables.

Notable foods eaten with sadza include:

Meat is known as nyama in Shona.

Red meat – includes beef, mutton, goat (mbudzi ın Shona), and game meat

Cow hoof – amanqgina, mazondo

Oxtail

Other food stuff include intestine (tripe), offal, ezangaphakathi (includes amathumbu, amaphaphu, isibindi, utwane, ulusu, umbendeni; in Ndebele known as matumbu), sun-dried vegetables known as uMfushwa/Mufushawa, and many more

White meat – includes huku or inkukhu - chicken meat, hove - Fish

Fish (inhlanzi in Ndebele), including the small dried fish Kapenta

Mopane worms / madora / amacimbi – edible moth caterpillar

Spring greens – known as imibhida in the Ndebele Language, muriwo in the Shona Language

Sugar Beans – known as indumba in Ndebele, nyemba Shona

Cabbage

Derere Delele – okra

Cleome gynandra (ulude in Ndebele) / nyevhe in Shona

Pumpkin – leaves known as Muboora in shona or ibhokola in Ndebele

Soured milk natural yogurt (known as amasi in Ndebele or Nguni languages in South Africa, mukaka wakakora in Shona, or lacto

Soya Chunks

Soups and stews

Sadza and ox bone

On the background are stylized grains and livestock (cows).

Denominations in numerals are repeated 6 times.

Comments:

3 mm. iridescent stripe with repeating RBZ.