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1000 Pesos 2006, Mexico

in Krause book Number: 127a
Years of issue: 08.05.2006
Edition:
Signatures: Junta de Gobierno: Guillermo Ortiz Martinez, Cajero Principal: Raul Valdes Ramos
Serie: 2006 Issue
Specimen of: 08.05.2006
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 155 x 66
Printer: Banco de México, Mexico

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Pesos 2006

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Miguel Hidalgo. Denomination 1000.

Avers:

1000 Pesos 2006

Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio HidalgoThe engraving on banknote is made after the portrait of Miguel Hidalgo.

Don Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo-Costilla y Gallaga Mandarte Villaseñor (8 May 1753 - 30 July 1811), more commonly known as Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla or simply Miguel Hidalgo, was a Mexican Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.

As a priest, Hidalgo served in a church in Dolores, Mexico. After his arrival, he was shocked by the poverty he found. He tried to help the poor by showing them how to grow olives and grapes, but in Mexico, growing these crops was discouraged or prohibited by the authorities due to Spanish imports of the items. In 1810 he gave the famous speech, "The Cry of Dolores", calling upon the people to protect the interest of their King Fernando VII (held captive by Napoleon) by revolting against the European-born Spaniards who had overthrown the Spanish Viceroy.

He marched across Mexico and gathered an army of nearly 90,000 poor farmers and Mexican civilians who attacked and killed both Spanish Peninsulares and Criollo elites, even though Hidalgo's troops lacked training and were poorly armed. These troops ran into a clan of 6,000 well trained and armed Spanish troops, and most fled or were killed at the Battle of Calderón Bridge on 17 January 1811, Hidalgo was executed by a firing squad on 30 July 1811 at Chihuahua, Chihuahua.

Dolores Hidalgo cathedral

On background is a cathedral in Dolores, Mexico.

This church is a famous landmark of Mexico’s Independence movement. On September 16, 1810, the parish priest Miguel Hidalgo called his Indian parishioners to revolt by ringing the bell in this church’s bell tower. Hidalgo was unsuccessful, but by 1824 the movement he started would eventually result in an independent Mexico.

The original liberty bell that now hangs above the main entrance to the National palace is rung on every eve (11 O'clock evening time) of September 16 by the president of the republic, who then shouts a revised version of the patriot's cry: "¡Viva México!" as a commemoration of the Mexican's independence from Spain. (www.jfklibrary.org).

Campana de la LibertadLiberty bell of Mexico.

In top left corner is a stylized chapel of church.

Lower right is a target like figure for the visually impaired.

Denomination in numeral is in top right corner. Lower left in words and in numeral.

Revers:

1000 Pesos 2006

universityThe Universidad de Guanajuato (in English, the University of Guanajuato) is a university based in the Mexican state of Guanajuato, made up of about 33,828 students in programs ranging from high school level to the doctorate level. Over 17,046 of those are pursuing undergraduate, masters, and doctorate degrees. The university offers 153 academic programs, including 13 doctorates, 39 masters programs, and 65 bachelor's degrees. The university has schools in fourteen cities throughout the state of Guanajuato.

The university traces its history back to the educational institute called the Hospice of the Holy Trinity, which was established on October 1, 1732. On August 29, 1827, upon the signing of the first constitutional government, the school changed its name to the College of the Immaculate Conception and fell under government responsibility. Programs founded around this time included Mining, Law, Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In 1831, a library was established.

The name of the college changed again in 1867, this time to the National College of Guanajuato. During the following decade, technical programs at the school grew rapidly, as did research. Finally, in 1945, the college changed its name to the University of Guanajuato, and the school was granted autonomy by the state legislature beginning on May 21, 1994.

Vitral

Below, a little to the right, is a beautiful stained glass, installed inside the University in 1957. Glass depicts the coat of arms of the University, the inscription "La Verdad of Hara Libre" or "Truth in Freedom" and the date 1875 - 1957.

pipila

On the right side is the architecture of Guanajuato. Above it, on background is a monument to "El Pípila".

El Pípila is the nickname of a local hero of the city of Guanajuato in Mexico. His real name was Juan José de los Reyes Martínez Amaro (1782-1863), son of Pedro Martínez and María Rufina Amaro. Word for a hen turkey, it is said his nickname stands for his freckled face (similar to that of a turkey egg) or his laughter resembling the bird's peculiar gargle.

Pípila was a miner. He came from the nearby town of San Miguel, now San Miguel de Allende, and worked in the Mellado mine. (The Rayas and Mellado mines were the first in Guanajuato, opened in 1558). Miners are of great importance in the state and city of Guanajuato, which was the largest exporter of silver in the world at the end of the 18th century. Silver and other minerals are still mined there today.

Pípila, became famous for an act of heroism near the very beginning of the Mexican War of Independence, on 28 September 1810. The insurrection had begun in the nearby town of Dolores, led by Miguel Hidalgo, a criollo priest born in Pénjamo. He soon moved to the city of Guanajuato, Guanajuato, where the Spanish barricaded themselves-along with plenty of silver and other riches-in a grain warehouse known as the Alhóndiga de Granaditas. The granary was a stone fortress with high stone walls, but its wooden door proved to be an Achilles' heel.

With a long, flat stone tied to his back to protect him from the muskets of the Spanish troops, Pípila carried tar and a torch to the door of the Alhóndiga and set it on fire. The insurgents-who far outnumbered the Spanish in the warehouse-stormed inside and killed all the soldiers and the civil Spanish refugees. Some accounts say that Pípila was not alone but went accompanied by other indigenous miners ready to fight for their freedom from the Spanish, but as the story is told today in Guanajuato, Pípila stood alone to break through the door.

The stone monument of a muscular man, holding aloft a flaming torch, towers on a hill at the edge of the city. Visitors can ride on a funicular to and from the monument, or they can walk up one of several steep stairways to the top. At the base of the monument, a series of broad stone plazas provides plenty of space for the numerous camera-carrying tourists and young lovers. From the foot of the monument, they have a fantastic view of the whole city of Guanajuato.

One part of the final episode of telenovela "Entre el amor y el odio" was filmed here.

Lower, on left side, is a frog as symbol of city Guanajuato.

guanjauto frog

Guanajuato (Quanap-huato) means “Mountainous Place of the Frogs” in the Purépecha regional dialect. Some of the nomadic tribes worshippGuanajuato (Quanap-huato) means “Mountainous Place of the Frogs” ed the spirit of the frog and settled in this area where a mountain appeared in a frog-like shape. Situated in a basin of the Sierra de Guanajuato range, the area was flooded constantly from the Guanajuato River that overflowed from 3 kms beneath the earth. Various indigenous bands inhabited the area prior to the arrival of the Spanish; the Otomi, the Nahua, the Guamares and the Purépecha. They settled along the river and as the population increased, homes and settlements expanded up into the hills following the path of the river. (www.ontheroadin.com)

Emblem of bank of Mexico is on top left.

Denomination in numeral and in words is in lower right corner. Top left in numeral.

Comments:

Banknote Serie A.

Some features of the banknote’s surface are in raised print (intaglio and/or embossing), which is perceptible by touch, specially the “Banco de México” text, the bust-head figure, the denomination number, the mark for the blind and visually impaired people, and the denomination in letters. Cotton-paper banknotes have intaglio in the color-shifting element and polymer notes have embossing in the clear window.

In the 1000-peso banknote, the intaglio can be felt on the church and on the bell..

The color-shifting effect is on the right-hand side of the chapel, on the upper left-hand corner of the banknote. This feature is in intaglio, which is perceptible by touch. This feature is in intaglio, which is perceptible by touch.

3D thread is manufactured directly onto the cotton-paper substrate. It has 3D figures in the form of snails. These figures move in opposite direction to how the banknote is shifted; if the banknote is moved to the sides, the figures move up and down; if the banknote is moved up and down, the figures shift to the sides.

The 3D-thread is violet in the 1000-peso banknote.

When holding the 100-, 200-, 500- and 1000-peso banknotes against the light, you can see a thread of approximately one millimeter (width) that crosses the note vertically. This thread is known as security thread and is manufactured directly onto the cotton-paper substrate.

The front and back of all banknotes have figures formed by lines of colors which give the main color to the banknote. These figures are difficult to imitate with printers or photocopy machines as they have dotted-base figures instead of line-based figures. A magnifying glass is recommended to better observe these figures.

Perfect register consists of impressions made on both sides of the banknote which, when seen against the light, complement each other exactly and form an image. In the G type banknotes, these impressions correspond to the map of Mexico and the compass rose.

Banknotes in 100-, 200-, commemorative 200-, 500-, and 1000-peso denominations are printed on cotton-fiber paper.

Cotton paper banknotes they have color fibers on both sides-that is, tiny fibers embedded in the paper and distributed randomly. These fibers are fluorescent and can only be seen under black light.

In case of 100-, 200-, 500-, and 1000-peso banknotes, the 3D-thread also shines when a banknote is placed under a black light.

The front and back microprinting texts which are very small texts, which usually require of a magnifying glass to be read. On the front and back of the 100-, 200-, 500-, and 1000-peso banknotes, they appear repeatedly with the legend "100PESOS", "200 PESOS", "500 PESOS", and "1000 PESOS", respectively.