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10000 Pesos 1985, Mexico

in Krause book Number: 89b
Years of issue: 19.07.1985
Edition: 61 600 000
Signatures: Unknown signature
Serie: 1985 - 1989 Issue
Specimen of: 19.07.1985
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156 х 67
Printer: Banco de México, Mexico

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10000 Pesos 1985

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Lázaro Cárdenas del Río.

Avers:

10000 Pesos 1985

Lázaro Cárdenas del RíoThe engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Lázaro Cárdenas del Río.

Lázaro Cárdenas del Río (May 21, 1895 - October 19, 1970) was a general in the Mexican Revolution and an able statesman who served as President of Mexico between 1934 and 1940. He is best known for nationalization of the oil industry in 1938 and creation of Pemex, the government oil monopoly.

Originally Cárdenas was the hand-picked candidate of former president Plutarco Elías Calles (1924-1928), who founded the Partido Nacional Revolucionaria in 1929 and who remained the power behind the president. Cárdenas out-maneuvered Calles politically and forced the former president into exile, establishing Cárdenas's legitimacy and power in his own right. His administration overhauled agrarian reform, initiated by the Mexican Revolution, and created ejidos in the Mexican agricultural sector, which gave peasants access to land, but which did not give individual titles to it. He granted asylum to exiles of the Spanish Civil War, and strengthened the educational system.

Porfirio Díaz of Oaxaca was the last president before Cárdenas not to come from the north. Cárdenas reorganized the party founded by Calles, creating the "Partido Revolucionario Mexicana", with sectoral representation of workers via their unions, peasants via their peasant leagues, and the Mexican army. The incorporation of the army into the party structure was a deliberate move to diminish the power of the military and avert their traditional intervention in politics through coups d'etat. Importantly as well as a political achievement of Cárdenas was his complete relinquishment of power when his presidential term was completed in 1940. At the end of the term of his successor, Manuel Avila Camacho, the party structure that Cárdenas had created was changed again, renamed as the Institutional Revolutionary Party. The major revision of the party structure was to eliminate the army as a sector of the party. The party continued to dominate Mexican politics to the end of the twentieth century.

On background is a power plant in Mexico city.

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and on the right side. In words centered.

Revers:

10000 Pesos 1985

Coyolxauhqui Stone CarvingDisk depicting a dismembered Coyolxauhqui which was found during construction in 1978 in Mexico City. Its discovery led to the excavation of the Templo Mayor .

A large shield-shaped stone relief reflecting this story was found at the base of the stairs of the Templo Mayor. On this disk, Coyolxauhqui is shown spread out on her side, with her head, arms and legs chopped away from her body. The orbiting full moon in the stone carving reflects her position as the moon goddess. She is distinguished by bells of eagle down in her hair, a bell symbol on her cheek, and an ear tab showing the Mexica year sign. As with images of her mother, she is shown with a skull tied to her belt. Scholars also believe that the decapitation and destruction of Coyolxauhqui is reflected in the pattern of warrior ritual sacrifice. First, captives’ hearts were cut out. Then the bodies were cast from the temple. At the bottom of the stairs, near the Coyolxauhqui stone, the bodies were decapitated and dismembered.

On background is a sketch of Templo Mayor.

Emblem of Bank of Mexico is in lower right corner. The seal of bank is in top left corner.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners. In words in lower right corner.

Comments:

Designer: Santana.