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10 Pesos 1977, Mexico

in Krause book Number: 63i
Years of issue: 18.02.1977
Edition: 134 100 000
Signatures: Unknown signature
Serie: 1969 - 1974 Issue
Specimen of: 16.09.1969
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 157 x 67
Printer: Banco de México, Mexico

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10 Pesos 1977




10 Pesos 1977

Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio HidalgoThe engraving on banknote is made after the portrait of Miguel Hidalgo.

Don Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo-Costilla y Gallaga Mandarte Villaseñor (8 May 1753 - 30 July 1811), more commonly known as Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla or simply Miguel Hidalgo, was a Mexican Catholic priest and a leader of the Mexican War of Independence.

As a priest, Hidalgo served in a church in Dolores, Mexico. After his arrival, he was shocked by the poverty he found. He tried to help the poor by showing them how to grow olives and grapes, but in Mexico, growing these crops was discouraged or prohibited by the authorities due to Spanish imports of the items. In 1810 he gave the famous speech, "The Cry of Dolores", calling upon the people to protect the interest of their King Fernando VII (held captive by Napoleon) by revolting against the European-born Spaniards who had overthrown the Spanish Viceroy.

He marched across Mexico and gathered an army of nearly 90,000 poor farmers and Mexican civilians who attacked and killed both Spanish Peninsulares and Criollo elites, even though Hidalgo's troops lacked training and were poorly armed. These troops ran into a clan of 6,000 well trained and armed Spanish troops, and most fled or were killed at the Battle of Calderón Bridge on 17 January 1811, Hidalgo was executed by a firing squad on 30 July 1811 at Chihuahua, Chihuahua.

Liberty bell Mexico Liberty bell MexicoOn left side is the liberty bell of Mexico (La Campana de Dolores). The original bell was supported on each side by a silver cast representation of a child.

The bell was made at June 22, 1768. Dimensions: 1.77 m. height, 1.09 m. in diameter and 11 centimeters in thickness. In 1810 the priest Miguel Hidalgo has called on residents, by this bell, of the struggle for the independence of New Spain. The first bell was composed 90% of copper.

The original liberty bell, that now hangs above the main entrance to the National palace, is rung on every eve (11 O'clock evening time) of September 16 by the president of the republic, who then shouts a revised version of the patriot's cry: "¡Viva México!" as a commemoration of the Mexican's independence from Spain. (

karakaraLower is a stylized head of Northern crested caracara from Mexican coat of arms.

The northern crested caracara (Caracara cheriway), also called the northern caracara and crested caracara, is a bird of prey in the family Falconidae. It was formerly considered conspecific with the southern caracara (C. plancus) and the extinct Guadalupe caracara (C. lutosa) as the "crested caracara". It has also been known as the Audubon's caracara. As with its relatives, the northern caracara was formerly placed in the genus Polyborus. Unlike the Falco falcons in the same family, the caracaras are not fast-flying aerial hunters, but are rather sluggish and often scavengers.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words centered.


10 Pesos 1977

Pattern on background.

Dolores Hidalgo Cathedral

On the right side is Dolores Hidalgo Cathedral.

Church where Father Hidalgo harangued the town into initiating the struggle for freedom. The church is truly impressive, in a baroque style, and is from the XVIII century. A pink-stone frontispiece features a representation of the Passion of the Christ and to the right is a plaque declaring the site to be where the Father of the Nation initiated the Independence movement.

Dolores Hidalgo is a compact town with a pretty, tree-filled plaza, a relaxed ambience and an important history. It has acquired pilgrimage status for Mexicans; the Mexican independence movement began in earnest in this small place. At 5am on September 16, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo, the parish priest, rang the bells to summon people to church earlier than usual and issued the Grito de Dolores, also known as the Grito de Independencia. His precise words have been lost to history but their essence was 'Death to bad government and the gachupines!' (Gachupines was a derisive term for the Spanish-born overlords who ruled Mexico.)

Today, Hidalgo is one of Mexico's most revered heroes. Dolores was renamed in his honor in 1824. Mexicans swarm here for Independence Day (September 16).

Lower, again, the stylized head of Northern crested caracara from Mexican coat of arms.

In top left corner is an emblem of Bank of Mexico. In top right corner is a seal of Bank of Mexico.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners, in words centered.


Designer: Santana.