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5 Bolivares 1989, Venezuela

in Krause book Number: 70b
Years of issue: 21.09.1989
Edition:
Signatures: Presidente: Pedro Tinoco, Primer Vice presidente: José Vicente Rodríguez Aznar
Serie: 1989 Issue
Specimen of: 21.09.1989
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156 x 69
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Bolivares 1989

Description

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5 Bolivares 1989

Simon Bolivar

The engraving on banknote is made after portrait of Simon Bolivar done in 1825 by José Gil de Castro in Lima (Peru).

On the left side is Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte y Blanco (24 July 1783 - 17 December 1830), commonly known as Simon Bolivar, was a Venezuelan military and political leader. Bolívar played a key role in Latin America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas.

Following the triumph over the Spanish monarchy, Bolívar participated in the foundation of the first union of independent nations in Hispanic-America, a republic, now known as Gran Colombia, of which he was president from 1819 to 1830. Bolívar is regarded as a hero, visionary, revolutionary, and liberator in Hispanic-America.

During his lifetime, he led Venezuela, Colombia (including Panama at the time), Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia to independence from the Spanish Empire. Admirers claim that he helped lay the foundations for democracy in much of Latin America.

Francisco de Miranda

The engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Francisco de Miranda.

On the right side is Sebastián Francisco de Miranda y Rodríguez de Espinoza (March 28, 1750 - July 14, 1816), commonly known as Francisco de Miranda, was a Venezuelan revolutionary. Although his own plans for the independence of the Spanish American colonies failed, he is regarded as a forerunner of Simón Bolívar, who during the Spanish American wars of independence successfully liberated a vast portion of South America. Miranda led a romantic and adventurous life. An idealist, he developed a visionary plan to liberate and unify all of Spanish America but his own military initiatives on behalf of an independent Spanish America ended in 1812. He was handed over to his enemies and four years later, in 1816, died in a Spanish prison. Within fourteen years of his death, however, most of Spanish America was independent.

Denominations in numeral are in all corners and centered, repeated five times. In words are at lower part of banknote.

Revers:

5 Bolivares 1989

Centered is National Pantheon of Venezuela.

panteon nacional

National Pantheon of Venezuela (Panteón Nacional de Venezuela, from Greek Pantheon, meaning "Temple of all the Gods") is a building on the northern edge of the old town of Caracas, Venezuela. It was built as a church but is now a final resting place for national heroes. The entire central nave is dedicated to Simón Bolívar, with the altar's place taken by the hero's bronze sarcophagus, while lesser luminaries are relegated to the aisles. The national pantheon's vault is covered with 1930s paintings depicting scenes from Bolívar's life, and the huge crystal chandelier glittering overhead was installed in 1883 on the centennial of his birth.

On the left side is Venezuelan coat of arms.

coat

The current coat of arms of Venezuela was primarily approved by the Congress on April 18, 1836, undergoing small modifications through history, reaching the present version.

The coat of arms was established in the Law of the National Flag, Shield and Anthem (Ley de Bandera, Escudo e Himno Nacionales), passed on February 17, 1954, by the military governor of Venezuela, Marcos Pérez Jiménez. The shield is divided in the colors of the national flag. In the dexter chief, on a red field, wheat represents the union of the 20 states of the Republic existing at the time and the wealth of the nation. In sinister chief, on a yellow field, weapons (a sword, a sabre and three lances) and two national flags are tied by a branch of laurel, as a symbol of triumph in war. In base, on a deep blue field, a wild white horse (perhaps representing Simón Bolívar's white horse Palomo) runs free, an emblem of independence and freedom.

Above the shield are two crossed cornucopias (horns of plenty), pouring out wealth. The shield is flanked by an olive branch and another of palm, both tied at the bottom of the coat with a large band that represents the national tricolour (yellow for the nation’s wealth, blue for the ocean separating Venezuela from Spain, and red for the blood and courage of the people). The following captions appear in golden letters on the blue stripe:

19 de Abril de 1810 (April 19, 1810) 20 de Febrero de 1859 (February 20, 1859)

Independencia (Independence) Federación (Federation)

República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

Denominations in numeral and in words in lower right corner, only in words in lower left corner.

Comments:

Theses banknotes were issued in emergency to solve the shortage of coins during 1988-1989, as a consequence of illegal funding to obtain nickel due to the high price of this metal in comparison to it's face value. The banknotes that are part of these issues are 1 Bolívar, 2 Bolívares and 5 Bolívares (Diseño B, type B).

Those notes exist in second Type A, with word Caracas on obverse and printed name of Printer - TDRL on reverse.