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10000 Lire 1984, Italy

in Krause book Number: 112d
Years of issue: 08.10.1990
Edition: 3 200 000 000
Signatures: Il Governatore: Antonio Fazio, Il Cassiere: Angelo Amici
Serie: 1984, 1985 Issue
Specimen of: 03.09.1984
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 133 х 70
Printer: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Rome (from 1978)

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10000 Lire 1984

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Alessandro Volta and electrotype "BI" monogram of Banco Italia.

Avers:

10000 Lire 1984

Alessandro VoltaThe engraving on banknote is made after this copper engraving by Italian engraver Giovita Garavaglia, made after painting by artist Gaetano Bonatti in 1820s.

Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (February 18, 1745 - March 5, 1827) was an Italian physicist known for the invention of the battery in the 1800s.

Count Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta was the Italian physicist who built the first electrochemical battery. He first gained fame across Europe in 1775 with his electrophorus, a charge-generating machine he built while teaching physics in his hometown of Como. He was appointed to the University of Pavia in 1779, where he continued his work with static electricity and built a number of gadgets. Volta's debate with anatomist Luigi Galvani about the nature of electricity in organic tissue (what Galvani called "animal electricity") caused him to experiment with metal plates, and in 1800 he succeeded in creating a sustained flow of electricity with his "voltaic pile", a stack of metal plates in a salt solution. The invention made Volta even more famous and he was called to France by Napoleon in 1801 to receive the first of many honors and decorations. (Napoleon made him Count Volta in 1810.) The unit of measurement of electromotive force is called the volt in his honor and was adopted internationally in 1881. (Infoplease)

Centered, in background, is Voltaic pile.

Volta Battery

The voltaic pile was the first electrical battery that could continuously provide an electrical current to a circuit. It was invented by Alessandro Volta, who published his experiments in 1800. The voltaic pile then enabled a rapid series of discoveries including the electrical decomposition (electrolysis) of water into oxygen and hydrogen by William Nicholson and Anthony Carlisle (1800) and the discovery or isolation of the chemical elements sodium (1807), potassium (1807), calcium (1808), boron (1808), barium (1808), strontium (1808), and magnesium (1808) by Humphry Davy.

The entire XIX century electrical industry was powered by batteries related to Volta's (e.g. the Daniell cell and Grove cell) until the advent of the dynamo (the electrical generator) in the 1870s.

Volta's invention built on Luigi Galvani's 1780s discovery of how a circuit of two metals and a frog's leg can cause the frog's leg to respond, Volta demonstrated in 1794 that when two metals and brine-soaked cloth or cardboard are arranged in a circuit they produce an electric current. In 1800, Volta stacked several pairs of alternating copper (or silver) and zinc discs (electrodes) separated by cloth or cardboard soaked in brine (electrolyte) to increase the electrolyte conductivity. When the top and bottom contacts were connected by a wire, an electric current flowed through the voltaic pile and the connecting wire.

Lower is the unofficial emblem of Bank of Italy.

Winged lion of St. Mark, symbol of Venice above three shields of Genoa, Pisa and Amalfi.

The Lion of Saint Mark, representing the evangelist St Mark, pictured in the form of a winged lion, is the symbol of the city of Venice and formerly of the Republic of Venice. It appears also in both merchant and military naval flags of the Italian Republic. The Lion of Saint Mark is also the symbol of the award of the Venice Film Festival, the "Golden Lion", and of the insurance company Assicurazioni Generali.

Denomination in numeral is in top left corner. Top, centered, in words.

Revers:

10000 Lire 1984

Volta museum

Mausoleum of Alessandro Volta in Como.

In 1927, the neoclassical temple was built on the shores of Lake Como. The mausoleum of Federico Frigerio was designed to mark the 100th anniversary of the death of Alessandro Volta.

Denomination in numeral is in top right corner.

Comments:

Withdrawn from circulation since 28 February 2002.

Characteristics: Copperplate, dry and wet offset.

Paper: High quality, slightly coloured, special pulp, watermark, luminous fibrils and a vertical security thread.

Drawing: Giovanni Pino (obverse & reverse).

Etching: Alberto Canfarini (obverse); Franco Zannotti (reverse).