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1000 Forint 2005, Hungary

in Krause book Number: 195a
Years of issue: 10.04.2006
Edition: 56 100 000
Signatures: Henrik Auth, Zsigmond Járai, Adamecz Péter
Serie: Second Series
Specimen of: 2005
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 154 x 70
Printer: Magyar Pénzjegynyomda, Budapest

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Forint 2005

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Matthias Corvinus.

Avers:

1000 Forint 2005

King MatiasThe engraving on banknote is based on roughly 50-year-old Matthias (contemporary sculpture from Buda Castle).

Matthias Corvinus, also called Matthias I (Hungarian: Hunyadi Mátyás, Romanian: Matia Corvin, 23 February 1443 - 6 April 1490), was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1458. After conducting several military campaigns, he was elected King of Bohemia in 1469 and adopted the title Duke of Austria in 1487. He was the son of John Hunyadi, Regent of Hungary, who died in 1456. In 1457, Matthias was imprisoned along with his older brother, Ladislaus Hunyadi on the orders of King Ladislaus V of Hungary. Ladislaus Hunyadi was executed, causing a rebellion that forced King Ladislaus to flee Hungary. After the King died unexpectedly, Matthias's uncle Michael Szilágyi persuaded the Estates to unanimously proclaim Matthias king on 24 January 1458. He began his rule under his uncle's guardianship, but he took control of government within two weeks.

As king, Matthias waged wars against the Czech mercenaries who dominated Upper Hungary (today parts of Slovakia and Northern Hungary) and against Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, who claimed Hungary for himself. In this period, the Ottoman Empire conquered Serbia and Bosnia, terminating the zone of buffer states along the southern frontiers of the Kingdom of Hungary. Matthias signed a peace treaty with Frederick III in 1463, acknowledging the Emperor's right to style himself King of Hungary. The Emperor returned the Holy Crown of Hungary with which Matthias was crowned on 29 April 1464. In this year, Matthias invaded the territories that had recently been occupied by the Ottomans and seized fortresses in Bosnia. He soon realized he could expect no substantial aid from the Christian powers and gave up his anti-Ottoman policy.

Matthias introduced new taxes and regularly collected extraordinary taxes. These measures caused a rebellion in Transylvania in 1467, but he subdued the rebels. The next year, Matthias declared war on George of Poděbrady, the Hussite King of Bohemia, and conquered Moravia, Silesia, and Lausitz but he could not occupy Bohemia proper. The Catholic Estates proclaimed him King of Bohemia on 3 May 1469, but the Hussite lords refused to yield to him even after the death of George of Poděbrady in 1471. Instead, they elected Vladislaus Jagiellon, the eldest son of Casimir IV of Poland, king. A group of Hungarian prelates and lords offered the throne to Vladislaus's younger brother Casimir but Matthias overcame their rebellion. Having routed the united troops of Casimir IV and Vladislaus at Breslau (now Wrocław in Poland) in late 1474, Matthias turned against the Ottomans, who had devastated the eastern parts of Hungary. He sent reinforcements to Stephen the Great, Prince of Moldavia, enabling Stephen to repel a series of Ottoman invasions in the late 1470s. In 1476, Matthias besieged and seized Šabac, an important Ottoman border fort. He concluded a peace treaty with Vladislaus Jagiellon in 1478, confirming the division of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown between them. Matthias waged a war against Emperor Frederick and occupied Lower Austria between 1482 and 1487.

He established a professional army - the Black Army of Hungary, reformed the administration of justice, reduced the power of the barons, and promoted the careers of talented individuals chosen for their abilities rather than their social statuses. Matthias patronized art and science; his royal library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana, was one of the largest collections of books in Europe. With his patronage, Hungary became the first country to embrace the Renaissance from Italy. As Matthias the Just, the monarch who wandered among his subjects in disguise, he remains a popular hero of Hungarian folk tales.

On the left side is Hungarian coat of arms.

coat

The current coat of arms of Hungary was reinstated on July 3, 1990, after the end of communist rule. The arms have been used before, both with and without the Holy Crown of Hungary, sometimes as part of a larger, more complex coat of arms, and its elements date back to the Middle Ages.

The shield is split into two parts:

The dexter (left side from the viewer's point) features the so-called Árpád stripes, four Argent (silver) and four Gules (red) stripes. Traditionally, the silver stripes represent four rivers: Duna (Danube), Tisza, Dráva, and Száva.

The sinister (right side from the viewer's point) consists of an Argent (silver) double cross on Gules (red) base, situated inside a small Or (golden) crown, the crown is placed on the middle heap of three Vert (green) hills, representing the mountain ranges (trimount) Tátra, Mátra, and Fátra.

There are many myth ans legends about curved cross on the top of St.Stefan crown. But here is one of them, mostly known.

crown

"What could have caused this damage, and when? In studying the history of the Holy Crown, were found the following: When King Albert died in 1439, his wife was already pregnant with the boy who would become László V. To secure the Crown for her son, she instructed her lady-in-waiting, the wife of Kottaner János, to steal it from Visegrád, where it was kept. She arranged the theft, packed the Crown in a large red velvet pillow, and covered it with cowhide. Then they took the Crown to Komárom, and from there to Székesfehérvár, where they crowned the 3-month old infant with it. The Queen, however, still would not relinquish the Crown, and instructed the same lady-in-waiting to take it to Győr. As Kottaner Jánosné wrote in her journal:

“I took the Holy Crown, and wrapped it very well in a shawl, and placed it in the cradle, among straw, because his highness did not sleep on feathers yet, and I also put a large spoon next to him, with which one usually amuses children. I did this so that, should anyone reach into the cradle, he should think there was something there with which one amuses the noble king. At that time, no one knew of this, except my gracious lady and myself.”

The cradle was placed on a cart, and the little king was placed in it. On the way, the infant was often taken out and placed back in. An infant’s weight corresponds perfectly with the pressure estimated by Gyergyai. In addition, the first repairs made to the Holy Crown correspond to the methods used around 1440." (Magyar news)

Centered, on background, is the coat of arms of Mattias Corvinus.

coat Matias king

The Legend of the Raven and the Ring has several variations. You can read a couple of versions of the myth below.

The epithet Corvinus, adopted by Matthias, originated from the Coat of Arms of the family which showed a raven (corvus in Latin). The Silesian Annals state that when a raven carried off a ring King Matthias had removed from his finger, Matthias chased the bird down and slew him, retrieving the ring, and in commemoration of this event he took the raven as a symbol for his signet sign. Others think that the Coat of Arms was derived from another property of the family, Raven’s Rock (Hollókő in Hungarian).

Another legend says that when young Matthias was in prison in Prague his mother was able to send him a letter with a raven (and that’s why the Hungarian Postal Service had a raven as its symbol for more than a century).

On the coat of arm of the Corvin family is carved a raven with a golden ring in its beak. This family symbol has a legend. It is said that Ioan was the illegitimate son of king Sigismund of Hungary and his mother was Elisabeta. In order not to dishonor her, the king married Elisabeta to one of his knights, Voicu. Sigismund also gave her a ring, as a gift for the unborn child, which will help him to be recognized when he would go to the royal court.

During a trip of the family, when they halted for lunch, the ring was forgotten on a side of the towel were the food was placed. A raven, attracted by the shining of the ring stole it. Ioan of Hunedoara takes a bow, strokes the raven down and gets his ring back. When Ioan grew up and got to the royal court, he tells this story. The king, impressed by it, decides that the family’s symbol shall be the raven with a golden ring in its beak. (Land of My Sojourn)

As the background, the first lines from the third book, "The History of Alexander the Great of Macedon", by Quintus Curtius Rufus (I century) are used: "... amnis fabulosis grecoris carminibus inclitus. Fons eius ex sumo montis cacumine [excurrens] in subiecta petram magno strepitu [aquarum cadit;] inde diffusus circumiectos rigat [campos liquidus] et suas dumtaxat undas trahens. [Itaque color eius] placido mari similis locum poetarum [mendacio] fecit: quippe traditum est nymphas [amore amnis] recentis in rupe considere. Ceterum [quamdiu intra] muros fluit nomen suum retinet. [At, cum extra] munimenta se evolvit, maiore vi [ac mole agentem undas Lycum] appellant. Alexander [quidem urbem] destitutam intrat. Arcem [vero in quam confugerant] oppugnare adortus: [caduceatorem praemisit] qui denuntiaret ni [dederent, ipsos ultima esse] passuros illi [caduceatorem in turrem] et situ et opere multum editam [perductum, quanta esset altitude] intueri iubent, ac alexandro nuntiare "-" ... glorified in Greek legends, this river originates at the very top of the mountain, throws its waters on the bottom of the cliff with great noise, then, spreading, irrigating the adjacent fields, remaining transparent and carrying only its waters. water, similar to the color of the calm sea, gave grounds for poetic fiction, as if the nymphs who fell in love with this river, are here on the rocks While it flows through the city, it retains its name, but where it flows beyond it and rolls the water with great force, it is called Lick.Thus, Alexander entered the city left by the inhabitants, intending to seize the fortress in which they they ran away, he sends a messenger there to tell them that if they do not give in, they will endure extreme distress. Those bring the messenger to the tower, outstanding for its location and fortified, offer him to see what its height is, and transfer it to Alexander. " The work is presented in connection with its popularity in the age of the Renaissance, the introduction to the culture of which contributed greatly to Matyash Hunyadi, who made Hungary the center of the Renaissance, including thanks to the collected "Corvin Library", the book belonged to Matia Corvin's wife, Queen Beatrice.

On the upper right there is a partial image of the letter H (Hungary - in English), the missing elements of which are located on the back of the banknote and together, when viewed on the lumen, giving a full image; Through the modern coat of arms of Hungary passes a security thread embedded in the paper across the entire width of the bill; on the border of the coupon field - a broad holographic strip with alternating images of the emblem of modern Hungary and the abbreviation of the issuing bank, changing at a certain angle to the reflected light at digital denomination, the number 1000, as well as the letters MNB can be seen at the edges of the hologram, and 1000 - on a wavy ribbon, as if wrapped around a holographic strip; the same number appears, repeating itself, on the strip of the metallographic intaglio in the center of the bill; the background image contains areas of irregular shape with repeated inscriptions: Ezer forint, limited by the edge of microtext: Ezer forint Magyar Nemzeti Bank; on the right edge of the bond and on the border of the coupon field, between the wavy and broken lines, a repeating microtext is printed: Ezer forint.

On the left is a hologram strip with the arms of Hungary and denominations of 1000.

Denominations in numerals are top and bottom right. In center in words.

Revers:

1000 Forint 2005

The Fountain of Hercules in Vysegrad castle.

Fountain of Hercules

The Fountain of Hercules was erected in the residential building of the Royal Palace of Visegrád, in the centre of the inner courtyard. The fountain is a unique monument of the Renaissance in Hungary; the Italian "Quattrocento" fountains were its paragons. On the sides of the octagonal basin, Matthias' coats of arms appear among garlands of fruit, tied with ribbons. The well statute rose above the circular well-bowl held by putti, decorated with gemstone motifs: struggle of Hercules and the Hydra of Lerna. A fountain of water jets sprung up from the animal's throats. In the contemporary art of the Matthias era the figure of Hercules implied the warrior king; in this case Hercules depicted as a child refers to prince János Corvin. The leading master builder of the workshop, where the fountain was sculptured, probably was Giovanni Dalmata. (szime3dar)

In the center is a medieval book miniature depicting the scripter Dominique Cassius di Narnia (?), Partly rewriting in the XV century "Annals", whose author - Publius (Guy) Cornelius Tacitus (I century), found the glory of the first historiographer and enjoyed , in this connection, a notoriety among the humanists of the Renaissance, the book belonged to Matyashu Hunyadi and was called "Cornelius Tacitus." Historiography: The best fragments, without beginning. "; left and right of the main image of the boon, other book miniatures are printed as a background; the background of the central part of the banknote takes the text: "CORNELII TACITI HYSTORIOGRAPHI PRESTANTISSIMI FRAGMENTORUM LIBER INCIPIT [... nam] valerium asiaticum [bis consulem fuisse] quondam adelterum [eius credidit pariterque hortis] inhians quos [ille a lucullo coopts] insigni magnificentia [extollebat suillium] accusandis utrisque [immittit adiungitur sosibius] britannici [educator qui per speciem] benevolentiae moneret [claudium cavere vim atque] opes principibus [infensas: praecipoum] auctorem asiaticum [interficiendi g. caesaris non extimuisse contione in populi] romani [fateri gloriamque facinoris ultro petere clarum ex eo in urbe didita per provincias fama parare iter ad germanicos exercitus quando genitus viennae multisque et validis propinquitatibus subnixus turbare gentilis nationes promptum haberet. at claudius nihil ultra] scrutatus [citis cum militibus tamquam opprimendo bello crispinum praetorii] praefectum misit a [quo repertus est apud baias vinclisque inditis in urbem] raptus: [neque data senatus copa, intra cumulum, auditur messalina coram et suillio corruptionem militum quos pecunia et stupro in omne flagitium obstrictos arguebat exim adulterium poppaeae postremum mollitiam corporis obiectante ad quod victo silentio prorupit reus et interroga] inquit suilli filios tuos virum esse me fatebuntur. ingressusque defensionem commoto maiorem in modum claudio messaline quoque [lacrimas.] "-" Cornelius Tacitus. Historiography: The best fragments, without beginning. ... for considering that Valeri Asiatik, who twice held the post of consul, was once the lover of that, and at the same time, recharge on the gardens that were defeated by Lucullus in due time and brought to amazing astonishment by Asiatics, she releases Suilliya for both of them, along with the instructor of Britannica Sosibius, carrying out her errand, supposedly out of benevolence advises Claudius to beware of powerful and rich people , as nor are they invariably hostile to the princepses: the inspirer of the murder of Gaius Caesar Asiatics was not afraid to confess to this in the congregation of the Roman people, more than that - he claimed to approve this atrocity, famous in Rome and even in the provinces, he is going to go to the troops standing against the Germans and, being a native Vienna, can easily outrage, relying on numerous and influential relatives, also the tribes of their homeland. Claudius, without bothering with further investigation, hurriedly sent along with the soldiers, as if he were to suppress the mutiny by force of arms, Prefect of the pretorians of Crispin, who, having discovered Asiatics in Bayah, chained it and sent it to Rome. The Senate was not allowed to consider this case; He obeyed the cell in the princeps' chambers, in the presence of Messalina, and Suilli accused Asiatics of corrupting the soldiers who, receiving from him, money and indulging in debauchery, turned into a crowd of unbridled scoundrels, then in an adulterous connection with Poppey and, finally, in an unworthy man of debauchery. Then the defendant could not stand it and, breaking the silence that he had previously stubbornly kept, said: "Ask your sons, Swill, and they recognize that I am a man"; After that, he proceeded to his defense speech, deeply perturbing Claudius and plucking tears even at Messalina " [Annals, Book IX], in the center, also, the silhouettes of the gold Hungarian gulden of the Matthias Corvinus period, on the coupon field, on the right - three bands in the vertical row and a triangle, a tactile element for people with poor eyesight, the space between the wavy lines on the right and left, and six lines at the top and ten below, are filled with a repeating microtext: Ezer forint , the band at the border the coupon field is filled with slightly noticeable letters: MNB.

Top right are the symbols for the visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals are top and in top left corner. Bottom left also in words.

Comments:

I got this banknote in Budapest, at 26 of December 2014.

Obverse engraver: Vagyoczki Karoly Del. Et.SC.

Reverse engraver: Lengyel György.

Security options:

Intaglio printing

Horizontal serial number in the ultraviolet glow orange and the vertical in red colors.

The watermark is made in the form of a mirror image, repeating motif on the obverse.

Hologram stripe, depending on the angle, shows coat of arms of Bank of Hungary and abbreviation MNB. Denominations 1000 are along the strip.

In the ultraviolet, in the center, you can see the image of raven with a gold ring in its beak (as King Matias' coat of arms). This image changing color from red to blue in UV.

In the upper right corner is seen-through image with letter H.

In the upper left corner is gullioshed window with abbreviation MNB. It changes color from violet to brown (depends on the angle).