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5000 Forint 1990, Hungary

in Krause book Number: 177a
Years of issue: 31.07.1990
Edition: --
Signatures: Dr.Tarafás Imre, Dr.Surányi Györgi, Bódy
Serie: First Series
Specimen of: 31.07.1990
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 174 x 80
Printer: Hungarian Banknote Printing Corp. "Diósgyőri Papírgyár Zrt.", Miskolc

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5000 Forint 1990

Description

Watermark:

Security thread.

Avers:

5000 Forint 1990

Gróf Széchenyi István

The engraving on banknote is based on this paint of Count István Széchenyi by Austrian painter Friedrich Amerling, 1836. Today this paint located in Regional headquarters of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Veszprém.

Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék (21 September 1791 - 8 April 1860) was a Hungarian politician, theorist and writer, one of the greatest statesmen of Hungarian history. István is a Hungarian name equivalent of the name Stephen.

From September 1815 to 1821, Széchenyi traveled extensively in Europe, visiting France, England, Italy, Greece and the Levant, and studying their institutions. He also established important personal connections. The rapid modernisation of Britain fascinated him the most, and strongly influenced his thinking. He was also impressed with the Canal du Midi in France, and began to envision ways to improve navigation on the lower Danube and Tisza rivers.

The Count quickly became aware of the growing gap between the modern world and his native Hungary. For the rest of his life, he was a determined reformer and promoted development. Széchenyi found early political support from his friend, Baron Miklós Wesselényi, a noble from Transylvania; however, their relation later weakened.

Centered, on background, is Hungarian coat of arms.

coat

The current coat of arms of Hungary was reinstated on July 3, 1990, after the end of communist rule. The arms have been used before, both with and without the Holy Crown of Hungary, sometimes as part of a larger, more complex coat of arms, and its elements date back to the Middle Ages.

The shield is split into two parts:

The dexter (left side from the viewer's point) features the so-called Árpád stripes, four Argent (silver) and four Gules (red) stripes. Traditionally, the silver stripes represent four rivers: Duna (Danube), Tisza, Dráva, and Száva.

The sinister (right side from the viewer's point) consists of an Argent (silver) double cross on Gules (red) base, situated inside a small Or (golden) crown, the crown is placed on the middle heap of three Vert (green) hills, representing the mountain ranges (trimount) Tátra, Mátra, and Fátra.

There are many myth ans legends about curved cross on the top of St.Stefan crown. But here is one of them, mostly known.

crown

"What could have caused this damage, and when? In studying the history of the Holy Crown, were found the following: When King Albert died in 1439, his wife was already pregnant with the boy who would become László V. To secure the Crown for her son, she instructed her lady-in-waiting, the wife of Kottaner János, to steal it from Visegrád, where it was kept. She arranged the theft, packed the Crown in a large red velvet pillow, and covered it with cowhide. Then they took the Crown to Komárom, and from there to Székesfehérvár, where they crowned the 3-month old infant with it. The Queen, however, still would not relinquish the Crown, and instructed the same lady-in-waiting to take it to Győr. As Kottaner Jánosné wrote in her journal:

“I took the Holy Crown, and wrapped it very well in a shawl, and placed it in the cradle, among straw, because his highness did not sleep on feathers yet, and I also put a large spoon next to him, with which one usually amuses children. I did this so that, should anyone reach into the cradle, he should think there was something there with which one amuses the noble king. At that time, no one knew of this, except my gracious lady and myself.”

The cradle was placed on a cart, and the little king was placed in it. On the way, the infant was often taken out and placed back in. An infant’s weight corresponds perfectly with the pressure estimated by Gyergyai. In addition, the first repairs made to the Holy Crown correspond to the methods used around 1440." (Magyar news)

The coat of arms of Hungary is surrounded by blue and rosa-red guilloche rosette.

Above and below each one waving framelath made of guilloche pattern with repeating values: 5000 - 5000 / ÖTEZER FORINT.

Denominations in numerals are on top double and big, on the left side. In words centered and lower.

Revers:

5000 Forint 1990

Academy of Science

The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (MTA)) is the most important and prestigious learned society of Hungary. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapest. The main responsibilities are the cultivation of science, disseminate the results of science, the supporting of research and development and the representation of Hungarian science domestically and around the world.

The history of the academy began in 1825 when Count István Széchenyi offered one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Pressburg (Pozsony, present Bratislava, seat of the Hungarian Parliament at the time), and his example was followed by other delegates. Its task was specified as the development of the Hungarian language and the study and propagation of the sciences and the arts in Hungarian. It received its current name in 1845.

Its central building was inaugurated in 1865, in neo-Renaissance style. The architect was Friedrich August Stüler.

Top right are 11 Braille dots for the for the visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals are repeated four times. At the top and lower in words.

Comments:

Academy of Science

I am near the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, in Budapest, at 25 of December, 2014.

Withdrawn from circulation: 26 of July 1999.

Obverse engraver: Vagyoczki Karoly Del. Et.SC.

Reverse engravers: Vagyoczki Karoly Del. Et.SC.

Obverse designer: Bojtos K. Sc.