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100 Dollars 2009, Bermuda

in Krause book Number: 62a
Years of issue: 01.01.2009 - 30.09.2009
Edition: --
Signatures: Chairman: Mr. R. Alan F. Richardson, Director: Mr. Robert Steinhoff
Serie: 400 years of discovery of Bermuda
Specimen of: 01.01.2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 х 68
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Dollars 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermatk bermuda 100

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and a boat under sail. Cornerstones at all corners.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as rose mallow, Chinese hibiscus, China rose and shoe flower, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to East Asia. By Bermuda guests mistakenly counted as endemic.

Avers:

100 Dollars 2009

Clematis

On the background, along whole field of banknote, are the flowers Clematis "Arabella".

Clematis Arabella is a beautiful new hybrid with the herbaceous scrambling habit of integrifolia but with large, upturned flowers. The blooms appear constantly all summer and begin a deep blue-mauve color fading to a pale blue. While only 3.5 inches across, their everblooming nature makes this a must-have Clematis! Works trained on a trellis, in a patio container or allowed to ramble in your border! Just cut it back near the ground in winter and it happily springs back every year for another show. Most clematis, like Arabella have a light weight structure and can grow atop or through other plants without harm.

It grows everywhere in Bermuda as decorative plant. (Brushwood nursery)

On the foreground is a bird Northern cardinal sitting on the branch of Eriobotrya japonica.

Eriobotrya japonica

Eriobotrya japonica. Loquat. Introduced from Japan by Governor Reid in 1850 as a fruit crop long after it was - and still is - widely cultivated in Southern Europe as a fruit tree and ornamental. Imported to get local birds to stop eating expensive Bermuda citrus. A native of China. It thrives in sheltered areas, so much so it is wild in places. Nutritional value is significant, super-rich in vitamin A (beta-carotene) with a decent amount of minerals. A good source of manganese. The yellow-orange plum-like fruit 30-66 mm in size ripens in the late winter or early spring. They are edible, tart when yellow, sweet and light orange-colored when ripe, resembling a small apricot. Delicious stewed, fresh or preserved, as a relish or liqueur. Loquat liqueur is a smooth but potent, using gin, vodka or rum as the spirit base. Loquat cake is unusual. Loquat chutney is a condiment for cold meats. Loquat jam and ginger jam are delicious on toast or bread or mingled with peanut butter. Loquat pies make good eating. (Bermuda flowers online).

Red Cardinal

The northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a North American bird in the genus Cardinalis; it is also known colloquially as the redbird or common cardinal. It can be found in southern Canada, through the eastern United States from Maine to Texas and south through Mexico. It is found in woodlands, gardens, shrublands, and swamps.

The northern cardinal is a mid-sized songbird with a body length of 21 cm (8.3 in). It has a distinctive crest on the head and a mask on the face which is black in the male and gray in the female. The male is a vibrant red, while the female is a dull red-brown shade. The northern cardinal is mainly granivorous, but also feeds on insects and fruit. The male behaves territorially, marking out his territory with song. During courtship, the male feeds seed to the female beak-to-beak. A clutch of three to four eggs is laid, and two to four clutches are produced each year. It was once prized as a pet, but its sale as a cage bird is now banned in the United States by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.

Northern cardinals are numerous across the eastern United States from Maine to Texas and in Canada in the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Its range extends west to the U.S.-Mexico border and south through Mexico to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, northern Guatemala, and northern Belize. An allopatric population is found on the Pacific slope of Mexico from Jalisco to Oaxaca; note that this population is not shown on the range map. The species was introduced to Bermuda in 1700. It has also been introduced in Hawaii and southern California. Its natural habitat is woodlands, gardens, shrublands, and swamps.

Above it is Bermuda's shore in a daytime. Under it is a hologram window with Bermuda profile inside.

In the top right corner is a stylized flower Clematis Arabella.

Bottom left is an image of HM The Queen. The new designs were described as "distinctly Bermudian", with Queen Elizabeth II being relegated to a minor position, using a royal effigy made by Arnold Machin.

Revers:

100 Dollars 2009

Monarch Bermuda

Along left border are butterflies Danaus plexippus.

The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae. It may be the most familiar North American butterfly. Its wings feature an easily recognizable orange and black pattern, with a wingspan of 8.9-10.2 cm (3½-4 in) (the viceroy butterfly is similar in color and pattern, but is markedly smaller, and has an extra black stripe across the hind wing).

The eastern North American monarch population is notable for its multigenerational southward late summer/autumn migration from the United States and southern Canada to Mexico, covering thousands of miles. The western North American population of monarchs west of the Rocky Mountains most often migrate to sites in California but have been found in overwintering Mexico sites. Monarchs were transported to the international space station and were bred there.

Lower, on foreground, is Bermuda House Of Assembly (Session House).

House of Assembly

Session House, located in Hamilton City is the House of Assembly where the Bermuda Parliamentary sessions are held. This prominent structure was established in 1817 after the Capital of Bermuda was moved from St George to Hamilton in 1815. The red terra-cotta designed Clock Tower was added to the building later in 1887 to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. The neo-classical architecture of the building is awesome.

Note that the first session of the House of Assembly in Bermuda took place in 1620 at St. Peters Church (see here), when the Capital was in St George. While the Parliament sessions are held in the upper floor, Supreme Court of Bermuda occupies the ground floor of the Session House. So today the building is home to two of the most important administrative units of Bermuda.

Inside the Session House, the structure is that of the British counterpart - the House of Commons. The two major political parties sit opposite to each other in a big hall and the speaker, wearing a black robe and a wig, conducts the sessions. There are 35 elected members of the house and 38000 registered voters in Bermuda.

Bermuda Assembly House (The Session House) is open to public from Monday through Friday between 9am to 12:30pm and between 2p.m to 5p.m. But the real fun is to catch the actions from the public gallery on Fridays (November to June from 10am onwards) when the live sessions take place.

There have been famous debates held in the Session House in the past. In 1940s, a strong debate on whether to allow motor vehicles in the island was finally voted "yes" in 1946. A move to get McDonald’s and other fast-food franchises in the island was voted "no" in 1995.

There is no admission fee. But note that even visitors are required to follow some dress code. You can call up to know when the sessions are scheduled and what is the required dress code. (Bermuda-Attractions.com)

The Bermuda Petrel

Above the National Assembly building is the Bermuda Petrel (Pterodroma cahow) is a gadfly petrel. Commonly known in Bermuda as the Cahow, a name derived from its eerie cries, this nocturnal ground-nesting seabird is the national bird of Bermuda, and a symbol of hope for nature conservation. It was thought extinct for 330 years. The dramatic rediscovery in 1951 of eighteen nesting pairs made this a "Lazarus species", that is, a species found to be alive after having been considered extinct for centuries.

Above the Chappell is, again, the white-tailed tropicbird.

At the top is a sunset and, again, stylized flower Clematis "Arabella".

Comments:

Bermuda onion

Before serial number - the Bermuda onion.

Bermuda onion is a sweet onion is a variety of onion that is not pungent. Their mildness is attributable to their low sulfur content and high water content when compared to other onion varieties.

The Bermuda onion is a variety of sweet onion grown on the island of Bermuda. The seeds were originally imported from the Canary Islands before 1888. Onion export to the United States made up such a prominent feature of Bermudian life, they soon adopted the nickname onions. Sweet onions from Texas largely displaced the Bermuda variety.