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10 Dollars 2009, Bermuda

in Krause book Number: 59a
Years of issue: 01.01.2009 - 30.09.2009
Edition: --
Signatures: Chairman: Mr. R. Alan F. Richardson, Director: Mrs. Lynda Milligan-Whyte
Serie: 400 years of discovery of Bermuda
Specimen of: 01.01.2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 х 68
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Dollars 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermatk bermuda 10

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and a boat under sail. Cornerstones at all corners.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as rose mallow, Chinese hibiscus, China rose and shoe flower, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to East Asia. By Bermuda guests mistakenly counted as endemic.

Avers:

10 Dollars 2009

gorgonian Bermuda

Lower are Gorgonian corals.

Alcyonacea is an order of sessile colonial cnidarians found throughout the oceans of the world, especially in the tropics and subtropics. The name "Gorgonacea" is no longer considered valid and Alcyonacea is now the accepted name for the order. Gorgonians are also known as sea whips or sea fans and are similar to the sea pen, a soft coral. Gorgonians are closely related to coral. Individual tiny polyps form colonies that are normally erect, flattened, branching, and reminiscent of a fan. Others may be whip like, bushy, or even encrusting. A colony can be several feet high and across but only a few inches thick. They may be brightly coloured, often purple, red, or yellow.

Blue Angel fish

Centered are two Bermuda blue angelfish.

The Bermuda blue angelfish, Holacanthus bermudensis, is a species of marine angelfish of the family Pomacanthidae. Holocanthus bermudensis should not be confused with Holocanthus ciliaris, or queen angelfish, despite very similar appearances. They are two separate species.

A Bermuda blue angelfish is blue-brown in color with green hues and bright yellow on the tip of its tail and fins. Their young, however, have a completely different coloration. A young blue angelfish is dark blue with a yellow tail and some yellow on its fins. It also has vertical blue bars on its body. As it ages, the bars fade away and the body color becomes lighter and some browns and greens are added.

The Bermuda blue angelfish can grow up to 18 inches in length. It has a large mouth and comb-like teeth. It is often collected for aquariums. This fish occasionally breeds with the queen angelfish, which is very similar to it. This hybrid is called the Townsend angelfish. An adult blue angelfish can produce a loud thumping sound that warns predators and also startles divers.

Below the fish is ball anemone Condylactis gigantea or Actinia bermudensis.

Actinia bermudensis

Actinia bermudensis, the red, maroon or stinging anemone, is a species of sea anemone in the family Actiniidae.

Actinia bermudensis attaches itself to a rock surface by its pedal disc, which can reach 2.5 centimetres (1 in) in width. The column is narrower at the top than the base and can reach 5 centimeters (2 in.) in height. Near the top is a ring of bulges called acrorhagi which contain many cnidocytes. The oral disc has a central mouth and two irregular whorls of 96 to 140 short, retractable, tapering tentacles which are armed with cnidocytes. The general colour of the anemone is dark red or maroon. In most of the range, the acrorhagi are blue, but in the waters off northern Florida, they are pink.

Actinia bermudensis occurs in the West Indies, Bermuda and northern Florida, and there is a further, isolated population off Brazil. It is found in the intertidal and the sublittoral zone. It is usually found near the base of rock walls, under overhangs, in caves, in crevices and under boulders.

Condylactus gigantea

Condylactis gigantea is a tropical species of ball anemone that is found in shallow reefs and other shallow inshore areas in the Caribbean Sea - more specifically the West Indies - and the western Atlantic Ocean including southern Florida through the Florida Keys. It is also commonly known as: giant Caribbean sea anemone, giant golden anemone, condylactis anemone, Haitian anemone, pink-tipped anemone, purple-tipped anemone, and Florida condy. This species can easily be seen growing in lagoons or in inner reefs as either individuals or loose groups, but never as colonies.

Above are the figures of scuba divers. Top of them is a hologram window with Bermuda's profile inside.

At the top are dawn at Bermuda and sea turtle.

Cheloniidea

Tortuga Blanco - The green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas), also known as the green turtle, black (sea) turtle, or Pacific green turtle, is a large sea turtle of the family Cheloniidae. It is the only species in the genus Chelonia. Its range extends throughout tropical and subtropical seas around the world, with two distinct populations in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The common name comes from the usually green fat found beneath its carapace. There are two major subpopulations, the Atlantic and the eastern Pacific subpopulations. Each population is genetically distinct, with their own set of nesting and feeding grounds within the population's known range. The green turtle was commonly used for turtle soup in the United States.

Hippocampus reidiIn lower left corner is a seahorse Hippocampus reidi.

The slender seahorse or longsnout seahorse (Hippocampus reidi) is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family. It is not to be confused with the long-snouted seahorse.

The slender seahorse typically grows to be approximately 6.8 inches long (17.5 centimeters). Males and females are easily distinguished due to their bright colors. Males are usually orange, while the females are yellow. However, both males and females may have brown or white spots placed sporadically upon their body. These spots may also change into a pink or white color during the courtship period.

The slender seahorse has been found at depths of 55 meters. Smaller individuals inhabit shallower waters. The slender seahorse has an affinity for coral reefs and seagrass beds and can be found on gorgonian coral, seagrass, mangroves, and Sargassum. It is native to many countries, including the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, United States (Florida and North Carolina), and Venezuela. It inhabits subtropical regions, ranging from 29 degrees north to 25 degrees south and 133 degrees west to 40 degrees east.

Bottom left is an image of HM The Queen. The new designs were described as "distinctly Bermudian", with Queen Elizabeth II being relegated to a minor position, using a royal effigy made by Arnold Machin.

Revers:

10 Dollars 2009

Monarch Bermuda

Along left border are butterflies Danaus plexippus.

The monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae. It may be the most familiar North American butterfly. Its wings feature an easily recognizable orange and black pattern, with a wingspan of 8.9-10.2 cm (3½-4 in) (the viceroy butterfly is similar in color and pattern, but is markedly smaller, and has an extra black stripe across the hind wing).

The eastern North American monarch population is notable for its multigenerational southward late summer/autumn migration from the United States and southern Canada to Mexico, covering thousands of miles. The western North American population of monarchs west of the Rocky Mountains most often migrate to sites in California but have been found in overwintering Mexico sites. Monarchs were transported to the international space station and were bred there.

Deliverance Bermuda

Lower, in center, is ship "Deliverance".

You will find a full size replica of the ship Deliverance in St. George's Bermuda. The replica of the ship is located at Ordnance Island, just a short distance from Kings Square.

It was "Deliverance" and another ship "Patience", by which Somers and his men completed their journey to Jamestown of Virginia in 1610. Admiral Sir George Somers and his men were stranded at Bermuda after their ship "Sea Venture" strayed in a sever storm and got wrecked at a reef near St. Georges in 1609.

They were in a fleet of nine ships that started from Plymouth of England heading towards Jamestown to create a new British settlement. But their ill fate separated them from rest of the fleet and stranded them in Bermuda. Strangely all 150 on board were alive even after "Sea Venture" crashed against a reef and they all came onshore at the St. George's area. They strangely found many hogs in the island which they could feed on and survive. Some say that the hogs were left by passing Spanish vessels to keep food provisions on their way.

Over the next nine months Somers' men built two ships, "Deliverance" and "Patience" to complete their journey to Jamestown. In fact, they initially started to build only "Deliverance", and soon figured out that it wont have enough capacity for all plus all the salted pork that they planned to carry with them. So they also started building the "Patience". Salvaged remains of the ship "Sea Venture" and Bermuda cedar were mostly used to build the two ships. The rigging of Sea Venture was almost fully used up.

Finally on May 10, 1610, Somers and his men started their journey once again for James town. Check out "Alexandra Battery Beach" to see the place where they built the ship Deliverance and finally launched it.

By this time however, some members of the expedition had died and were buried in Bermuda. Somers left behind two men to retain British claim of Bermuda. When the rest reached Jamestown, they were shocked to see that only 50 out of the 500 men who reached there earlier had survived. Rest all died out of starvation.

Somers returned to Bermuda using the ship "Patience" to pick up more food provisions. But on his return, Somers fell ill and died in Bermuda and could never make it back to Jamestown. To honor his last wishes, his heart was buried in Bermuda and body taken back to England. The full size replica of the ship "Deliverance" at St. George's is a vivid reflection of the maritime life of the 17th century. This 57-feet ship looks so small that it won't be considered sea worthy in today's time.

If you go to the lower decks and see the life size dummy figures or mannequins in XVII century dresses, you will know how cramped life was inside the ship. There is also an audio presentation given inside to tell you about the history of the ship. (Bermuda-attractions.com)

cannon

Above the ship is an old cannon from ship "Sea Venture", and later carried by "Deliverance". It is located also at Ordnance Island, near copz of the ship.

Two sea anchors are centered.

Above, in center, is Commissioner's House building.

commissioners house bermuda

Located at the Bermuda Maritime Museum complex of the Dockyard, Commissioner's House once used to be the home of the Dockyard Commissioner and thus the name. This is a grand Georgian House built in 1820s and the first ever cast iron house in the world. In fact the frame of the building was cast in England and then brought to Bermuda. The commissioner who was the overall in-charge of the dockyard, used to live in this building between 1827-1837. After that, the building was taken over by the British army.

In 1862, the house became Royal Marine barracks. Subsequently during the World War II, it was used as the allied headquarters for North Atlantic submarine radio interception. Bermuda Maritime Museum took up the biggest restoration project ever in the island to restore this building over 25 long years. It was finally opened to public in the year 2000.

If you have interest in the days of Slavery in Bermuda and how the life of the Bermudian slaves used to be, you must visit this place that has some of the best collections of exhibits and artifacts of that period, such as rare Bermuda coin, map, archival, and art collections.

At the top are, again, dawn at Bermuda and sea turtle.

Comments:

Bermuda onion

Before serial number - the Bermuda onion.

Bermuda onion is a sweet onion is a variety of onion that is not pungent. Their mildness is attributable to their low sulfur content and high water content when compared to other onion varieties.

The Bermuda onion is a variety of sweet onion grown on the island of Bermuda. The seeds were originally imported from the Canary Islands before 1888. Onion export to the United States made up such a prominent feature of Bermudian life, they soon adopted the nickname onions. Sweet onions from Texas largely displaced the Bermuda variety.