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5 Gulden 1966, Netherlands

in Krause book Number: 90a
Years of issue: 19.12.1966
Edition: --
Signatures: Secretaris: J.Schreuder, President: W.M.Holtrop
Serie: 1966 - 1972 Issue
Specimen of: 26.04.1966
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 136 х 76
Printer: Joh. Enschede en Zonen, Haarlem

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Gulden 1966

Description

Watermark:

Watermark

Scroll, inkwell and pen.

Avers:

5 Gulden 1966

Joost van den Vondel (17 November 1587 - 5 February 1679) was a Dutch writer and playwright. He is considered the most prominent Dutch poet and playwright of the XVII century. His plays are the ones from that period that are still most frequently performed, and his epic Joannes de Boetgezant (1662), on the life of John the Baptist, has been called the greatest Dutch epic.

Performances of his theatre pieces occur regularly. The most visible was the annual performance, on New Year's Day from 1637 to 1968, of Gijsbrecht van Aemstel.

Vondel stayed productive until a very old age. Several of his most notable plays like Lucifer and Adam in Ballingschap were written after 1650, when he was already 65.

Bottom left are four Braille dots for the visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals top left and bottom right. In words centered.

Revers:

5 Gulden 1966

The New Theatre in Amsterdam.

City Theatre on the Keizersgracht in AmsterdamThe image on the banknote is based on a copper engraving by Salomon Savy (1594-1666).

In this theater two small texts are visible. In the architrave there is a text "TWEE VATEN HEEFT JUPIJN" ("Zeus has two casks"), from Homer's Iliad (XXIV 527-534). In Vondel's free translation: "Twee vaten heeft Jupijn/ Hy schenckt nu zuur nu zoet/ Of matight weelde and vreugt/ Met druck and tegenspoet."

The second text is found in the left projection: "TOLLVNTVR IN ALTVM", from the late-Roman poet Claudianus. In Rufinum I (22-23):"Tolluntur in altum ut lapsu graviore runat." ("They are raised that they may fall more heavily").

This theater on the Keizersgracht is completed in 1637 and demolished in 1664.

When it opens in 1638, the theater is already out of date. It is actually no more than a traditional rhetoric society stage, which has been constructed in a room. Only when the theater is re-built in the style of a so-called "diorama", in 1665 - with a raised, framed stage and a stage curtain - does it satisfy the requirements of the day. The audience can now gasp at the beautiful scenery that gives the impression of enormous rooms and admire the results of the spectacular stage effects that have been incorporated into this design. Theaters built in other parts of the Netherlands are also furnished along these lines. The design of theaters will only start to change three centuries later, in the second half of the twentieth century.

Denominations in numerals top right and bottom left.

Comments:

Designer: Ootje Oxenaar.

Paper made by "nv Papierfabrieken van Houtum & Palm".

Date of issue: 19 December 1966.

Withdrawn from circulation: between 1 November 1994 and 1 May 1995.

Final date for exchange: 1 May 2025.