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1 Dollar 1984, Bahamas

in Krause book Number: 43a
Years of issue: 1984
Edition: 18 862 473
Signatures: Governor: Mr. William C. Allen (1980-1987)
Serie: 1974 Central Bank Act. 1984 Issue
Specimen of: 1984
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 157 х 67
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Dollar 1984

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Spanish galleon "Santa Maria", the flagship of the first expedition of Columbus sailing on the sea the sun shone. Her foremast shows pennant Expedition (white with a green cross and the first letters of the names of the Spanish royal couple, sent an expedition - Ferdinand and Isabella), and on the main and mizzen-mast - then flag and pennant Spain lion of Leon and Castillo.

Denomination 1 is orange in UV.

Avers:

1 Dollar 1984

Portrait of the Queen HM The Queen Elizabeth II. The photograph that was used of the Queen was taken in April 1975 by the late Reading-based photographer Peter Grugeon and later released for official use during the Silver Jubilee in 1977. It is one of the more popular images of The Queen. (Peter Symes).

Her Majesty is depicted wearing Grand Duchess Vladimir's tiara, Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee necklace, the Royal Family Orders of King George VI and George V and Queen Alexandra's Wedding Earrings.

Tiara

The Grand Duchess Vladimir Tiara.

No tiara is complete without a fascinating backstory, and this one's even got a daring escape. Made by Bolin, it glittered at the Russian royal court on the head of Grand Duchess Vladimir until the revolution, when it was left behind as the family fled. A British agent and friend smuggled it out of Russia to rejoin the exiled Grand Duchess and her collection. After her death, the tiara was bought from her daughter by Queen Mary. It's worn often today by the Queen with pearl or emerald drops, or occasionally with no drops. The pearl drop option has been the most popular with the Queen in recent years, probably owing to her love of white gowns in the evening and accompanying white jewels.

Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee necklace

To mark Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee in 1887, a committee of ladies was formed to raise money for a commemorative statue of Victoria’s late husband Prince Albert. The committee’s fundraising was quite successful, and they ended up raising far more than was required for the statue. An agreement was formed with the Queen that the excess should go to the St. Katherine’s Fund for Nurses. At the same time, some members of the committee decided that a portion of the funds should be used to purchase a necklace for the Queen - and this was also approved by Her Majesty.

The trouble was, the committee did not agree on the necklace. Some felt it would be wrong to spend the funds which had been previously devoted to charity on something else. Much discussion and debate ensued, as is described in depth in Hugh Roberts’ book The Queen’s Diamonds. (My favorite tidbit: Queen Victoria, angry that she wouldn’t get her promised necklace, shot down the prospect of a diamond badge commemorating the nursing fund by declaring she would “at once exchange it for another jewel”.

In the end, a compromise was reached and this necklace, made for £5000 (far less than the necklace originally proposed) from gold, diamonds, and pearls by Carrington & Co. was presented to Queen Victoria in 1888. It features a central quatrefoil diamond motif with a large pearl in the middle, topped by a crown and underlined with a drop pearl. The next four links in either direction are graduated trefoil motifs; the central piece and the six largest trefoils can also be worn as brooches.

Queen Alexandra’s Cluster Earrings

She is also wearing Queen Alexandra’s Cluster Earrings. The wedding gift from the future King Edward VII to his bride, Alexandra of Denmark. Also known as Queen Alexandra's Cluster Earrings, these two button earrings have large pearls surrounded by diamonds - 10 larger stones each plus smaller filler stones to create a full diamond ring. Like the brooch, these passed to the Queen via Queen Mary. They're now worn primarily at evening functions.

Royal Family Orders.

King George IV started a practice in the British royal family which continues today: the awarding of family orders. These are diamond-set portraits of the monarch suspended from a silk bow (the color varying by reign), and they are today given to female royal family members of the sovereign's choosing as a personal gift.

Royal Family Order George V

Queen Elizabeth was first given her grandfather George V's order, set on pale blue silk.

Royal Family Order George VI

Followed by her father George VI's, on pink silk, and she wears them both today. (A royal lady can wear all the family orders she has at once.) The orders are positioned on the left shoulder. They are worn for the most formal events, and can usually be seen on the Queen when she's at a tiara event.

In most renditions of this portrait, the Royal Family Order of King George VI is apparent below the left-hand shoulder of Her Majesty, while the uppermost portion of the Royal Family Order of King George V is apparent in only some renditions of the portrait. (Her majesty's Jewel Vault)

Kyphosus sectatrix

On the left side are two fish Kyphosus sectatrix (Bermuda sea chub) near the Acropora sp. coral.

Max length: 76 cm; max. published weight: 6 kg.

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12. Gray overall, with faint yellow lines on side and yellow line from corner of mouth to preopercle. Upper part pf opercular membrane blackish. The young may display pale spots nearly as large as eye on the head, body and fins. Each jaw with a regular row of close-set, strong, incisor-like, round-tipped teeth of a peculiar hockey stick-shape, their bases set horizontally, resembling a radially striated bony plate inside mouth.

Western Atlantic: Canada to Massachusetts, USA and Bermuda southward to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Eastern Atlantic: south of Morocco to Gulf of Guinea; St. Paul's Rocks, Ascension and St. Helena. Rarely found in the Mediterranean and off Madeira.

Inhabits shallow waters, over turtle grass, sand or rocky bottom and around coral reefs. Young commonly found among floating Sargassum seaweeds. Feeds on plants, mainly on benthic algae, as well as on small crabs and mollusks. Also feeds on spinner dolphins’ feces and vomits at Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, southeast Atlantic. The offal feeding may be regarded as a simple behavioral shift from plankton feeding to drifting offal picking. (fishbase.org)

Mellita quinquiesperforataNearby is Bank of Bahamas logo.

It is Mellita quinquiesperforata or Keyhole Sand Dollar - a tropical species of sand dollar, a flat, round marine animal related to sea urchins, sea stars, and other echinoderms.

The selection of the sanddollar as the logo of the Central Bank was made by the first Governor, Mr. T. B. Donaldson, who, in addition to wanting something Bahamian, was "intrigued by the elegance and history" of this unusual specimen of marine life, of which an interesting legend exists. The markings on the shell of the sanddollar are said to symbolize the birth, crucifixion and resurrection of Christ".

On the background is a map of Bahamas.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words in center.

Revers:

1 Dollar 1984

Orchestra

The world famous Royal Bahamas Police Force Band has been, for a long time, a major cultural icon throughout the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. The rhythmic beats and harmonic tones that the sharply dressed military musicians produce are crowd pleasers for local and international audiences.

The RBPF Band was formed in 1893 by Commandant F.C. Halkett. In his Annual Police Report for that year, Halkett informed the Bahamas' Assembly that he was "successful in forming certain members of the Force into a Band sufficiently creditable to be able to perform once a week for the amazement of the public, and which has become a public institution." The expenses incurred in its formation were defrayed entirely from money in the Reward Fund, without government or public expense. Halkett also noted that the group's practices or public performances did not hamper the discharge of their duties as police officers.

Old poster

Consisting of only twelve trained musicians (players) and two musicians at the beginner's level (learners), the Band performed at official functions as well as weekly concerts that were opened to the public. The Band would host concerts each Friday evening at the Garden of Remembrance, known then as the Library Green. During several performances and concerts exercises, civilian musicians assisted the Band, as the number of full time members was rather a small. These civilians were normally called upon to assist whenever the group had to attend a marching engagement. During the early 1900s, the growing necessity for the instruments resulted in Mr. Leon E.H. Dupuch, founder and editor of The Tribune, raised funds to obtain new instruments.

The Band was officially recorded and recognized as a full time division of the Force on September 3, 1958, under the command of Superintendent D.J. Morgan, as the Director of Music. Its members moved from Police Headquarters and operated from the Force's Oakes Field compound. (Royal Bahamas Police Force)

telephone card

The police band was featured on the Bahamas Telecommunications Company's pre-paid telephone calling card.

soldiers

The William Britains Company of the United Kingdom has long been famous for its toy soldiers cast in lead and painted by hand. The company has made countless toy soldiers and today they are highly sought after collector's items. While the Britains firm made toy-cast British soldiers such as the Royal Marines and Grenadier Guards, they also produced, in the 1950s, a limited set of the Bahamas Police Band in marching formation. These extremely rare pieces sell today for hundreds and sometimes thousands of dollars in the international collectibles market. (RBPF, Island of Bimini, Bahamas)

Coat Bahamas

The Coat of Arms of the Bahamas on the right.

It contains a shield with the national symbols as its focal point.

The escutcheon (shield) is supported by a marlin and flamingo. The crest on top of the helm (helmet) is a conch shell, which represents the varied marine life of the island chain. Below the helm is the escutcheon itself, whose main charge is a ship, reputed to represent the Santa Maria of Christopher Columbus. It is sailing beneath a sun in the chief. The animals supporting the shield are the national animals, and the national motto is found at the bottom. The flamingo is located upon land, and the marlin upon sea, indicating the geography of the islands.

The vibrant tinctures of the coat of arms are also intended to point to a bright future for the islands. They are also reputed to have been maintained for their attractiveness to tourists.

The Coat of Arms was approved by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II on 7 December 1971 for use by the Bahamian People and the Commonwealth of The Bahamas. It was designed by Bahamian artist and clergyman, Rev. Dr. Hervis L. Bain, Jr., who is also a Member of the Order of the British Empire.

Nearby is, again, the Bank of Bahamas logo.

Conch

In lower left corner is sea shell Lobatus gigas, commonly known as the queen conch, is a species of large edible sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family of true conches, the Strombidae. This species is one of the largest molluscs native to the tropical northwestern Atlantic, from Bermuda to Brazil, reaching up to 35.2 centimeters (13.9 in.) in shell length. L. gigas is closely related to the goliath conch, Lobatus goliath, a species endemic to Brazil, as well as the rooster conch, Lobatus gallus.

The queen conch is herbivorous and lives in seagrass beds, although its exact habitat varies by development stage. The adult animal has a very large, solid and heavy shell, with knob-like spines on the shoulder, a flared thick, outer lip and a characteristic pink-coloured aperture (opening). The flared lip is absent in younger specimens. The external anatomy of the soft parts of L. gigas is similar to that of other snails in its family; it has a long snout, two eyestalks with well-developed eyes, additional sensory tentacles, a strong foot and a corneous, sickle-shaped operculum.

The shell and soft parts of living L. gigas serve as a home to several different kinds of commensal animals, including slipper snails, porcelain crabs and cardinalfish. Its parasites include coccidians. The queen conch is hunted and eaten by several species of large predatory sea snails, and also by starfish, crustaceans and vertebrates (fish, sea turtles and humans). Its shell is sold as a souvenir and used as a decorative object. Historically, Native Americans and indigenous Caribbean peoples used parts of the shell to create various tools.

International trade in queen conch is regulated under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) agreement, in which it is listed as Strombus gigas. This species is not endangered in the Caribbean as a whole, but is commercially threatened in numerous areas, largely due to extreme overfishing.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners and on the right side. In words, lower, in center.

Comments:

The signature on banknote belongs to:

Sir William C. Allen, KCMGSir William C. Allen, KCMG.

Governor (June 1980 - January 1987) Sir William Allen joined The Bahamas Monetary Authority as Manager of Research in 1970. He was named Deputy Governor of the Central Bank, successor to the Authority, in 1974. He became Governor on 1st June, 1980 on the resignation of Mr. Timothy Baswell Donaldson from the post. Following an extensive

career in banking and finance, Sir Allen went on to serve in the Government of The Bahamas as Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance and Planning and subsequently as Minister of Finance and Planning. In 2000, Sir Allen was made a Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of St. Michael and George (KCMG).

TDLR Portrait Bradbury Wilkinson Portrait The De La Rue engraving, as well as reflecting the differences mentioned in Portrait 17a, also represents The Queen with a more cheerful aspect, achieving this through slight differences around Her eyes and lips.

Bradbury Wilkinson's version of this portrait has less shading on The Queen's neck just above Her necklace, than is apparent on the De La Rue engravings (Portrait 17b). There are other subtle variations to the second version, noticeably in the patterns on Her Majesty's dress.

In 1919 was created the Monetary Council (Currency Board). In 1968 was established the Office of Bahamas Monetary Authority, obtained the right of money issue. At June 1, 1974 were established the Central Bank of the Bahamas, which were transferred to the functions of the abolished Office of Bahamas Monetary Authority.