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100 Rupees 1979, Sri Lanka

in Krause book Number: 88
Years of issue: 26.03.1979
Edition: 10 000 000
Signatures: Minister of Finance: Mr. Ronald Joseph Godfrey de Mel, Governor: Mr. Warnasena Rasaputram
Serie: 1979 Issue
Specimen of: 26.03.1979
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 157 х 76
Printer: De la Rue Lanka Currency and Securities Print (Pvt) Ltd, Malawana

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Rupees 1979

Description

Watermark:

Watermark

The Sri Lanka Lion (Panthera leo sinhaleyus), also known as the Ceylon Lion, was a prehistoric subspecies of lion, endemic to Sri Lanka. It appears to have become extinct prior to the arrival of culturally modern humans, c. 37,000 years BC.

This lion is only known from two teeth found in deposits at Kuruwita. Based on these teeth, P. Deraniyagala erected this subspecies in 1939. However, there is insufficient information to determine how it might differ from other subspecies of lion. Deraniyagala did not explain explicitly how he diagnosed the holotype of this subspecies as belonging to a lion, though he justified its allocation to a distinct subspecies of lion by its being "narrower and more elongate" than those of recent lions in the British Natural History Museum collection.

Avers:

100 Rupees 1979

Corypha umbraculifera

Corypha umbraculifera, the talipot palm, is a species of palm native to eastern and southern India (Malabar Coast) and Sri Lanka. It is also reportedly naturalized in Cambodia, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand and the Andaman Islands.

It is one of the largest palms in the world; individual specimens have reached heights of up to 25 m (82 ft) with stems up to 1.3 m (4.25 ft) in diameter. It is a fan palm (Arecaceae tribe Corypheae), with large, palmate leaves up to 5 m (16 ft) in diameter, with a petiole up to 4 m (13 ft), and up to 130 leaflets. The talipot palm bears the largest inflorescence of any plant, 6-8 m (20-26 ft) long, consisting of one to several million small flowers borne on a branched stalk that forms at the top of the trunk (the titan arum, Amorphophallus titanum, from the family Araceae, has the largest unbranched inflorescence, and the species Rafflesia arnoldii has the world's largest single flower). The talipot palm is monocarpic, flowering only once, when it is 30 to 80 years old. It takes about a year for the fruit to mature, producing thousands of round, yellow-green fruit 3-4 cm (1.2-1.6 in) in diameter, each containing a single seed. The plant dies after fruiting.

The talipot palm is cultivated throughout Southeast Asia, north to southern China. Historically, the leaves were written upon in various Southeast Asian cultures using an iron stylus to create palm leaf manuscripts. The leaves are also used for thatching, and the sap is tapped to make palm wine. In Malabar Coast, the palm leaves were used to make traditional umbrellas for agricultural workers and students in rural areas until a few decades ago.

The plant is known as "තලා - tala" in Sri Lanka, by local Sinhalese people.

trimeresurus trigonocephalus

Trimeresurus trigonocephalus, commonly known as the Sri Lankan green pit viper, is a moderately venomous pit viper species endemic to Sri Lanka. No subspecies are currently recognized.

Common names include: Sri Lankan green pit viper, Sri Lankan pit viper, pala polonga (පළා පොළඟා), and green pit viper.

It is widely distributed in all three climatic zones of the island, except higher hills and arid zones, while relatively more common in wet zone grasslands and rain forest areas and occasionally in plantations of cardamom, cocoa, coffee, and tea, from the lower altitudes from 153 to 1,800 m (502 to 5,906 ft). The type locality given is "l'île S.-Eustache" (Sri Lanka).

Gracula_ptilogenys

The Sri Lanka hill myna, Ceylon myna or Sri Lanka myna (two birds on banknote) (Gracula ptilogenys), is a myna, a member of the starling family. This bird is endemic to Sri Lanka.

This passerine is typically found in forest and cultivation. The Sri Lanka myna builds a nest in a hole. The normal clutch is two eggs.

These 25 cm long birds have green-glossed black plumage, purple-tinged on the head and neck. There are large white wing patches, which are obvious in flight. The strong legs are bright yellow, and there are yellow wattles on the nape.

The different shape and position of the wattles and the stouter orange-red bill distinguish this species from the Southern hill myna, which also occurs in Sri Lankan forests. The sexes are similar, but juveniles have a duller bill.

Like most starlings, the Sri Lanka myna is fairly omnivorous, eating fruit, nectar and insects.

In Sri Lanka, this bird is known in many names including Sela lihiniya, Mal kawadiya, Kampatiya in the Sinhala language. The name Sela Lihiniya is often mentioned in poems and other similar literature and is quoted for its melodious calls. This bird appears in a 10 rupee Sri Lankan postal stamp.

Paradoxurus zeylonensis

The golden palm civet (Paradoxurus zeylonensis) is a palm civet endemic to Sri Lanka. It is listed as Vulnerable by IUCN because it occurs in less than 20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi), its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent and quality of its habitat in Sri Lanka's hill regions are declining.

In Sri Lanka the golden palm civet is called Pani uguduwa පැනි උගුඩුවා, Sapumal kalawaddhaසපුමල් කලවැද්දා, or Ranhothambuwa රන් හොතබුවා/Hotambuwa හොතබුවා, by the Sinhala speaking community. Both golden and Asian palm civet are sometimes collectively called kalawedda in Sinhala and maram nai in Tamil.

However, the term Hotambuwa is mostly used to refer altogether a different species Ruddy Mongoose (Herpestes smithii). Due to similar appearance and coloration, they are mistaken as the same animal.

This civet appears in 3 rupee Sri Lankan postal stamp. However, it is named as "Golden Palm Cat" in the stamp.

Vertically, along the left edge, are the inscriptions in Sinhala, Tamil and English languages ​​"Central Bank of Ceylon". Centered, under the field of banknote watermark, indicated the serial number. Above is the denomination in words in Sinhala language - "One hundred rupees". Left of the watermark is the date of issue of the banknote - 26.03.1979.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners, in numeral and in words top left.

Revers:

100 Rupees 1979

Horsfieldia Iryaghedi

Horsfieldia irya is a species of plant in the Myristicaceae family. It is found in Burma, India, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. Endemic in Sri Lanka. Very rare.

Megalaima flavifrons

The yellow-fronted barbet (two birds on banknote) (Megalaima flavifrons) is an Asian barbet which is an endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka. Barbets and toucans are a group of near passerine birds with a worldwide tropical distribution. The barbets get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills.

Yellow-fronted barbet is an arboreal species of forests and other woodland, including large gardens, which eats mainly small fruit and only rarely insects. It nests in a tree hole, laying 2-3 eggs.

This is a medium-sized barbet at 21 cm. It is a plump bird, with a short neck, large head and short tail. The adult yellow-fronted barbet has a mainly green body and wing plumage, with a scaly appearance to the breast. It has a blue face and throat, and a yellow crown and moustachial stripes.

The call is a rolling "kow-kow-kow-kow".

Areca concinna

Areca concinna is a species of flowering plant in the Arecaceae family. It is found only in Sri Lanka. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Rare species from Sri Lanka, related to the famous Betel Nut palm. A medium sized clustering palm, with attractive, bright green leaves. Very similar to A. triandra . Seeds are used in Sri Lanka as a Betel Nut substitute. Rarely seen in cultivation (most plants sold as A. concinna are actually A. triandra). Editing by edric. (Palmpedia)

Idea lynceus jasonia

The Ceylon Tree Nymph (Idea iasonia) is a species of nymphalid butterfly in the Danainae subfamily. It is endemic to Sri Lanka. First described by John Westwood in 1848, the Ceylon Tree Nymph can be found in both wet and dry zones of Sri Lanka. It is the largest member of the Danaidae family in the country. It is listed as a near threatened species in the IUCN Red List.

There are two populations of the Ceylon Tree Nymph. The smaller and darker coloured variety is found in the wet zone of Sri Lanka from sea level to about 5,000 feet (1,500 m). They usually inhabit the sub canopies of lowland tropical rain forests.

The other variety, which is larger and lighter colored, is found in the low country dry zone. They are usually encountered near water courses.

The species was first described by English entomologist John Obadiah Westwood in 1848, as Hestia iasonia. For several years it was considered to be only an island race of I. lynceus, a species found in eastern Asia. However the two species have differences in their wing shapes and in the male genitalia. It is of the Idea genus, and belongs to the Danainae subfamily of the Nymphalidae family. Its binomial name is Idea iasonia.

In the upper left corner is the face value by numeral "100", the right of which is the inscription in Sinhala, Tamil and English, "Central Bank of Ceylon". At the bottom of the banknote, under skink, is an inscription - "One nundred Rupees" in Sinhala, Tamil and English.

Comments:

Was valid until 1998. Solid security thread.