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1 Dollar 1942, Trinidad and Tobago

in Krause book Number: 5c
Years of issue: 01.05.1942
Edition: 1 781 742
Signatures: Commissioners of currency: Mr. Andrew Barkworth Wright, Mr. Errol Lionel dos Santos, Mr. Courtney Cornwall George
Serie: 1934 - 1935 Issue
Specimen of: 01.09.1935
Material: Unknown material
Size (mm): 152 x 82
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

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1 Dollar 1942

Description

Watermark:

The inscriptions:

Government of

"Government of"

Trinidad

and "Trinidad".

Avers:

1 Dollar 1942

On the left side is the view at the island of Trinidad, colonial settlement Port-of-Spain , today the capital of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Image taken from the old colonial badge, known since 1803. It was adopted for the blue ensign of Trinidad in 1880 and was maintained for the Colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1889.

badge of Trinidad

The badge of the crown-colony consisted of a picture of Port of Spain and mount El Tucouche.

El Tucuche (936 m) is the second highest peak in Trinidad's northern range and is noted for its interesting plateau shape.

Its summit is home to the Trinidad endemic El Tucuche Golden Tree Frog (Phyllodytes auratus), found only on El Tucuche and on Trinidad's highest peak El Cerro del Aripo. The lush evergreen forest, found in the mountain of El Tucuche provides home for other wild tropical fauna and flora.

rozal navz flag

Two frigates with the white ensign of Rozal Navz and a boat before the jetty. On the pier is small house with colonial British flag (a variation).

At the bottom is an unidentified shrub.

In base is the motto "MISCERIQUE PROBAT POPULOS ET FOEDERA JUNGI", designed by Sir Ralph Abercromby (1734-1801), who took Trinidad from the Spanish crown in 1797. It is a verse from Virgil (Publius Vergilius Maro, 70-19 B.C.) who wrote in his “Aeneid” Book IV, line 112: ‘Miscerive probet populos, aut foedera iungi’(He approved of the mingling of peoples and their being joined together by treaties).

An interesting fact related with this motto, but please read lower about it.

On the right side is the view at the island of Tobago.

Tobago Tobago officially became a British colony in 1814. The administration of the island as part of the Windward Islands was carried out from 1833 to 1889, when it was paired with Trinidad into a separate colony.

Colonial seal of Tobago

Colonial seal of Tobago is known about since 1815, as a badge adopted in 1870. There is a rising sun above the Island with a palm tree on the foreground and a sailing vessel on the roads.

motto Tobago

In base is the motto: "Pulchrior evenit" or "it emerges all the fairer".

Motto of Tobago, apparently, taken from the ode of Horace (bkIV no.4 ln65).

St. Paul shipwrecked This episode tells the story of the shipwreck of St. Paul, where he says: "Merses profundo; pulchrior evenit" or “Plunge it into the depths; it emerges all the fairer.” Tobago's motto is the second part of his sentence.

And now more about motto of Trinidad. There is one interesting fact about it.

девиз Тринидад

"Miscerique Probat Populos Foedera Jungi* or "He approved of the mingling of peoples and their being joined together by treaties".

This phrase was taken from the book IV, verse 112, Virgil's poem "The Aeneid*. The poem was written between 29 and 19 B.C., And devoted to the history of Aeneas, the legendary Trojan hero, who moved to Italy with the remnants of his people, who teamed with the Latins and founded the city Lavinium,, and his son Ascanius founded the city of Alba Longa.

In the fourth book, is Aeneas is in Carthage, where he falls in love with Queen Dido. There he comes up with ideas on how to stay with her.

The father of the gods Jupiter asks him, by the god Mercury, to leave Dido and entrusted to him the gods mission - the founding of Rome to meet (the basis for the Roman Empire). Aeneas realizes, that he obey the command of the gods and must sacrifice his personal love for Dido.

But Venus and Juno (Jupiter's wife) (both, however, for various reasons!) are prettz sure that Aeneas remains with Dido.

Venus says, inter alia, to Juno:

*Sed fatis incerta Feror, si Jupiter unam esse velit Tyriis urbem Troiaque Profectis MISCERIVE PROBET POPULOS AUT Foedera IUNGI. Tu coniunx, tibi fas animum temptare precando*.

"But I'm not sure if Jupiter has provided a city for the people of Tyre and the refugees of Troy, WHETHER HE LIKE THE PEOPLES TO MIX AND UNITE THEM BY ALLIANCES. You're the wife, you may try his heart with prayers".

In the original sentence therefore stands in the present subjunctive. (*PROBET* - WHETHER HE LIKE).

The British have that sentence just corrupted and set in the present indicative (*PROBAT* - he likes it, he agrees).

Through this small, but significant, counterfeiting the Englishman clearly show what they have meant in colonial times by mixing the peoples and unite them through alliances:

Namely, simply, to rule the whole world - know in the most correct assuming, anyway, in the distant colonies almost nobody can speak Latin and knew Virgil to determine the counterfeit.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners, in words centered.

Revers:

1 Dollar 1942

The Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom is the official coat of arms of the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. These arms are used by the Queen in her official capacity as monarch of the United Kingdom, and are officially known as her Arms of Dominion. Variants of the Royal Arms are used by other members of the Royal Family; and by the British government in connection with the administration and government of the country. In Scotland, the Queen has a separate version of the Royal Arms, a variant of which is used by the Scotland Office.

The shield is quartered, depicting in the first and fourth quarters the three passant guardant lions of England, in the second, the rampant lion and double tressure Flory - counterflory of Scotland, and in the third, a harp for Ireland. The crest is a statant guardant lion wearing the imperial crown, himself on another representation of that crown. The Dexter supporter is a likewise crowned English lion and the sinister, a Scottish unicorn. According to legend a free unicorn was considered a very dangerous beast, therefore the heraldic unicorn is chained, as were both supporting unicorns in the Royal coat of arms of Scotland. In the greenery below, a thistle, Tudor Rose and shamrock are present, representing Scotland, England and Ireland respectively. The coat features both the motto of English monarchs - Dieu et mon droit (God and my right), and the motto of the Order of the Garter - Honi soit qui mal y pense (shame upon him who thinks evil of it) on a representation of the Garter behind the shield.

On the right and left sides are denominations in the pattern.

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