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100 Korun 1989, Czechoslovakia

in Krause book Number: 97
Years of issue: 1.10.1989
Edition: --
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1985 - 1989 Issue
Specimen of: 1.10.1989
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 147 х 67
Printer: STC-Prague. Statni Tiskarna Cenin, Praha

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100 Korun 1989

Description

Watermark:

100 Korun 1989Linden leaves and stars.

Avers:

100 Korun 1989

Klement Gottwald

Klement Gottwald (23 November 1896 - 14 March 1953) was a Czechoslovak communist politician and longtime leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ or CPCz or CPC). He was Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1946 to 1948 and President from 1948 to 1953.

A cabinet maker by training, he joined the Social Democratic Party in 1912. He was drafted into the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I, but defected to the Russians late in the war.

A charter member of the KSČ in 1921, he edited the party's newspaper in Bratislava from 1921 to 1926. From 1925 onward he was a member of the KSČ Central Committee. In 1927, he became secretary-general of the KSČ, and two years later he was elected to the National Assembly. He became a secretary of the Comintern in 1935, a post he held until its dissolution in 1943.

After the Munich Agreement of 1938, Gottwald spent the next seven years in exile in Moscow. From 1939 onward he was one of the leaders of the Czech resistance.

In March 1945, Edvard Beneš, who had been elected President of Czechoslovakia 1935-38 and who had been head of the Czechoslovak Government-in-Exile in London since 1941, agreed to form a National Front government with Gottwald. As part of the deal, Gottwald became deputy premier under Zdeněk Fierlinger.

In 1946, Gottwald gave up the secretary-general's post to Rudolf Slánský and was elected to the new position of party chairman. That March, he led the party to an astonishing 38% of the votes. This was easily the KSČ's best performance in an election. As it turned out, it would be the best showing by a European Communist party in a free election.

Left of him is a stylized red star - the emblem of Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.

Centered, on the top is an emblem of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.

coat czechoslovakia

In November 17, 1960 Act No.163 introduced a new national emblem (designed by M.Hegar), which was supposed to represent the so called "completion of the building of socialism" in Czechoslovakia. In fact, the emblem was at variance with the rules of heraldry, though it did at least preserve the lion as a symbol of the land of Bohemia.

The national emblem of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic is represented by a red shield in the shape of a Hussite pavis with a five-pointed star at the top and a white two-tailed lion rampant with a red escutcheon on its chest showing a blue silhouette of Mount Kriváò and a bonfire in gold color.

Right - "The Tree of Life" or, likely, "Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil". Symbolizes the knowledge, above all, of ethical categories, the ability to consciously choose between good and evil.

Denominations in numerals are on the left side vertically, top left and bottom right. In words centered.

Bottom left are four squares for visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals are on the left side vertically, in top left and bottom right corners. In words centered.

Revers:

100 Korun 1989

The Lesser Town Bridge Towers, Hradčany of Prague and the Prague Castle.

100 Korun 1989Lesser Town Bridge Towers.

The Lesser Town Bridge Towers are architecturally simpler than the Old Town Bridge Tower, they have a fortification character and they lack its ostentatious sculptural decoration. The smaller tower originates from the Romanesque bridgehead from the period of Wenceslas I. Lowered after fire in 1310 it was reconstructed and decorated with the Renaissance front. The taller tower comes from the XV century from the period of Jiří of Poděbrady. This tower, however, has three niches for statues in both eastern and western fronts on the second floor, but they are empty and have probably never been filled. Both towers are connected with a lancet of the gate decorated with the emblems of King Wenceslas IV. - the Luxemburg, Czech and Moravian Emblems towards the Bridge and the Wratislaw, Czech and Lower Lusatia Emblems towards the Lesser Town.

100 Korun 1989The Prague Castle (Pražský hrad) was most likely founded in around 880 by Prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid Dynasty (Přemyslovci). According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the Prague Castle is the largest coherent castle complex in the world, with an area of almost 70,000 m². A UNESCO World Heritage site, it consists of a large-scale composition of palaces and ecclesiastical buildings of various architectural styles, from Roman-style buildings from the X century through Gothic modifications in the 14th century. The famous Slovenian architect Josip Plečnik was responsible for extensive renovations in the time of the First Republic (1918-1938). Since the Velvet Revolution, the Prague Castle has undergone significant and ongoing repairs and reconstructions.

St.Vitus Cathedral.

St.Vitus Cathedral is the largest and the most important temple in Prague. Apart from religious services the coronations of Czech kings and queens also took place in here. The cathedral is a place of interment of remains of provincial patron saints, sovereigns, noblemen and archbishops.

100 Korun 1989Hradčany, the Castle District, is the district of the city of Prague, Czech Republic surrounding Prague Castle.

The castle is said to be the biggest castle in the world at about 570 meters (1,870 feet) in length and an average of about 130 meters (430 feet) wide. Its history stretches back to the IX century. St Vitus Cathedral is located in the castle area.

The area of Hradčany is rich in elaborate historical buildings, gardens and romantic little streets that will delight, enchant and promise of an unforgettable cultural experience.

Hradčany was an independent borough until 1784, when the four independent boroughs that had formerly constituted Prague were proclaimed a single city. The other three were Malá Strana (German: Kleinseite, Lesser Quarter), Staré Město (German: Altstadt, Old Town) and Nové Město (German: Neustadt, New Town).

Three roses are on right side.

Denominations in numerals are on right side vertically, in top left and bottom right corners.

Comments:

Designer: Albin Brunovsky.

Reverse engraver: B.Sneider.

Obverse engraver: M. Ondraček.

Prefixes in Series: A.