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1 Dollar 1945, Ethiopia

in Krause book Number: 12a
Years of issue: 23.7.1945 - 1949
Edition: 10 000 000
Signatures: Governor: Mr. George A. Blowers
Serie: 1945 Issue
Specimen of: 23.7.1945
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 144 х 74
Printer: Security banknote company, USA

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1 Dollar 1945

Description

Watermark:

Avers:

1 Dollar 1945

Haile Selassie I

The engraving on banknote is made in the style of the classic profile of the monarch for coins and stamps, presumably, from one of the few rare photographs of His Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I, during a visit of US military delegation to Addis Ababa.

On the photo, His Majesty, Haile Selassie, emperor of Ethiopia, strolling in the Palace grounds. These pictures are the first to be taken for publication since His Majesty's return to become a fighting member of the United Nations.

Haile Selassie I (23 July 1892, Ejersa Goro, Ethiopia - 27 August 1975, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia), born Tafari Makonnen Woldemikael, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He was the heir to a dynasty that traced its origins by tradition from King Solomon and Queen Makeda, Empress of Axum, known in the Abrahamic tradition as the Queen of Sheba.

Sanga Sanga

Centered are the peasant plowing with help of Abyssinian oxes or Sanga oxes. It is an Ethiopian breed of oxes, standing out with its long horns and a hump on its back.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words, lower, centered.

Revers:

1 Dollar 1945

Coat of arms of the Ethiopian Empire centered.

Lesser arms of Ethiopian empire has a crowned Ethiopian imperial crown lion of Judah, of natural color, carrying a golden staff in left paw, with a finial in the form of a cross, and the two, with a gold fringe, gold ribbons on a green grassy foothills.

Ethiopia history as recorded and elaborated in a 13th-century treatise, the "Kebre Negest", asserts descent from a retinue of Israelites who returned with Makeda, the Queen of Sheba from her visit to King Solomon in Jerusalem, by whom she had conceived the Solomonic dynasty's founder Menelik I. As Solomon was of the tribe of Judah, his son Menelik I would continue the line, which according to Ethiopian history was passed directly down from King to King until Emperor Haile Selassie I (ostensibly the 225th king from King David) was deposed in 1974. Both Christian and Jewish Ethiopian history have it that there were also immigrants of the Tribes of Dan and Judah that accompanied Makeda back from her visit to Solomon; hence the Ge'ez motto Mo`a 'Anbessa Ze'imnegede Yihuda ("The Lion of Judah has conquered"), included among the titles of the Emperor throughout the Solomonic Dynasty. It is unknown whether John of Patmos was directly aware of this hereditary title when he penned it into the text of the prophecy.

The Lion of Judah motif figured prominently on the old imperial flag, currency, stamps, etc. and may still be seen gracing the terrace of the capital as a national symbol. After the collapse of the Communist Derg in 1990 and the increase of Western-style political freedoms, a minor political party bearing the name Mo'a Anbessa made its appearance.

In the Rastafari movement "The Lion of Judah" is Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, crowned November 2, 1930 with the titles "KING of Kings, LORD of lords, Conquering Lion of Judah, Elect of God, the Light of the World." Rastas hold that H.I.M. Haile Selassie I is a direct descendant of the Israelite Tribe of Judah through the lineage of King David and Solomon, and that he is also the Lion of Judah mentioned in the Book of Genesis chap. 49 and Revelation 5.5; there is no proof that Haile Selassie I ever denied these claims.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words lower centered.

Comments:

Banknotes were issued on the Emperor's birthday, July 23.

Governor George A.Blowers Bank was the first American, working in the government of Ethiopia, since the return of Emperor Haile Selassie from exile. He succeeded in this place an Englishman - C.S. Collier.

Blowers was the governor of Bank of Liberia, founded in August 1942. He introduced a new Ethiopian currency - the birr (dollar), who replaced the East African Shilling, introduced by the British authorities.

More about whole story you can read here (Peter Symes)