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50 Kronor 1986, Sweden

in Krause book Number: 53d
Years of issue: 1986
Edition: --
Signatures: Riksbankschef: Bengt Dennis (1982–1993), Erik Åsbrink
Serie: 1963 - 1976 Issue
Specimen of: 26.04.1965
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 130 х 82
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Kronor 1986

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Anna Maria Lenngren (née Malmstedt, June 18, 1754 - March 8, 1817) was a Swedish writer, poet, translator and salonist. She is one of the best-known Swedish woman poets.

Repeated picture.

Anna Maria LenngrenThe engraving for watermark is made after medallion with image of Anna Maria Lenngren, made around 1792. The medallion was finished by Belgian engraver Antoine-Alexandre-Joseph Cardon after the bust by Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel.

Avers:

50 Kronor 1986

Gustav IIIThe engraving on banknote is, probably, made after medallion, made after bust by Swedish sculptor Johan Tobias Sergel.

On the right side is HM The King Gustav III (24 January [O.S. 13 January] 1746 - 29 March 1792) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death.

He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Queen Louise Ulrika, who was a sister of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia.

He was a vocal opponent of what he saw as abuses by the nobility of a permissiveness established by parliamentarian reforms that had been worked out since the death of Charles XII. He seized power from the government in a coup d'état in 1772, ending the Age of Liberty and venturing into a campaign to restore royal autocracy. This was completed by the Union and Security Act in 1789, sweeping away most of the last pretences of Riksdag rule. As a bulwark of enlightened despotism, he spent considerable public funds on cultural ventures: this contributed among his critics to controversy about his reign. Attempts to seize Norway with Russian assistance, and then to recapture the Baltic provinces by a war against Russia, were unsuccessful, although much of Sweden's former military might was restored. An admirer of Voltaire, Gustav legalized Catholic and Jewish presence in the realm and enacted wide-ranging reforms aimed at economic liberalism, social reform and the abolition, in many cases, of torture and capital punishment, although the much-praised 1766 Freedom of Press Act was severely curtailed by amendments in 1774 and 1792, which effectively extinguished all independent media.

Following the French Revolution, Gustav pursued an alliance of monarchs aimed at crushing the insurrection and reinstating his French counterpart, Louis XVI, offering Swedish assistance to the royal cause in France under his leadership. He was mortally wounded by a gunshot in the lower back during a masquerade ball, as part of a noblest-parliamentary coup attempt, but managed to assume command and quell the uprising before succumbing to septicemia 13 days later, a period during which he received apologies from many of his political enemies.

Foliage on the background.

Four denominations are in numerals, one in words.

Revers:

50 Kronor 1986

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 - 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné, was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of pre phylogenetic taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology.[citation needed] Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus (after 1761 Carolus a Linné).

Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland, in southern Sweden. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University, and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. In the 1740s, he was sent on several journeys through Sweden to find and classify plants and animals. In the 1750s and '60s, he continued to collect and classify animals, plants, and minerals, and published several volumes. At the time of his death, he was one of the most acclaimed scientists in Europe.

The Swiss philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau sent him the message: "Tell him I know no greater man on earth." The German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: "With the exception of Shakespeare and Spinoza, I know no one among the no longer living who has influenced me more strongly." Swedish author August Strindberg wrote: "Linnaeus was in reality a poet who happened to become a naturalist". Among other compliments, Linnaeus has been called Princeps botanicorum (Prince of Botanists), "The Pliny of the North," and "The Second Adam".

In botany, the author abbreviation used to indicate Linnaeus as the authority for species' names is L. In older publications, sometimes the abbreviation "Linn." is found (for instance in: Cheeseman, T.F. (1906) - Manual of the New Zealand Flora). Linnaeus' remains comprise the type specimen for the species Homo sapiens, following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, since the sole specimen he is known to have examined when writing the species description was himself.

Carl von Linné created the system for the classification of plants and animals into different species and families that still comprises the basis for natural sciences research.

Convallaria majalis L.In his hand he is holding the flowers - Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis L.). The name was given by Carl Linnaeus from the ancient Latin name of lily of the valley "Lilium convalium", which translates as the lily of the valleys.

Lily of the valley, sometimes written lily-of-the-valley, scientific name Convallaria majalis is a sweetly scented, highly poisonous woodland flowering plant that is native throughout the cool temperate Northern Hemisphere in Asia, and Europe.

It is possibly the only species in the genus Convallaria (or one of two or three, if C. keiskei and C. transcaucasica are recognised as separate species). In the APG III system, the genus is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae). It was formerly placed in its own family Convallariaceae, and, like many lilioid monocots, before that in the lily family Liliaceae.

Migratory birds, on background is the sun.

The first observation network on birds migratory flights were organized by Carl Linnaeus in the XVIII century. And in 1899, the Danish scientist Mortensen, first dropped a bird with a ring.

Three denominations are in numerals.

Comments:

Designer: Eric Palmquist.

Engraver: Albert Jorpes.