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500 Sheqalim 1982, Israel

in Krause book Number: 48
Years of issue: 01.12.1982 - 04.09.1986
Edition: --
Signatures: Governor of the Bank: Moshe Mandelbaum; Chairman of the Advisory Council: Haim Barkai.​
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 01.12.1982
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 138 х 76
Printer: N. V. Grafische Inrichting Johann Enschede en Zonen, Haarlam

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

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500 Sheqalim 1982

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Portrait of Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

Avers:

500 Sheqalim 1982

RothschildThe engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Baron Rothschild.

Baron Edmond Benjamin James de Rothschild (August 19, 1845 - November 2, 1934) was a French member of the Rothschild banking family. A strong supporter of Zionism, his generous donations lent significant support to the movement during its early years, which helped lead to the establishment of the State of Israel.

He became a leading proponent of the Zionist movement, financing the first site at Rishon LeZion. In his goal for the establishment of a Jewish homeland, he promoted industrialization and economic development. In 1924, he established the Palestine Jewish Colonization Association (PICA), which acquired more than 125,000 acres (50,586 ha) of land and set up business ventures.

Edmond de Rothschild also played a pivotal role in Israel's wine industry. Under the supervision of his administrators in Ottoman Palestine, farm colonies and vineyards were established, and two major wineries were opened in Rishon LeZion and Zikhron Ya'akov. It is estimated that Edmond de Rothschild spent over $50 million in supporting the settlements, and backed research in electricity by engineers and financed development of an electric generating station.

Jews and Arabs lived amicably on Rothschild's land, with no Arab grievances, even in the worst periods of disturbance. According to historian Albert M Hyamson, "Rothschild recognised that the overriding interest of the Jews of Palestine was the confidence and the friendship of their Arab neighbours. The interests of the Arab cultivators of the land he bought were never over looked, but by development he made this land capable of maintaining a population ten times its former size". In a 1934 letter to the League of Nations, Edmond de Rothschild stated that "the struggle to put an end to the Wandering Jew, could not have as its result, the creation of the Wandering Arab.

Centered is a group of agricultural workers.

The denomination "Five Hundred Sheqalim" and "Bank of Israel" in Hebrew.​

Sign for the blind:​ A small circle in the lower right-hand corner of the front.​

Revers:

500 Sheqalim 1982

Cluster of grapes.

Names of 44 settlements in the Land of Israel in two lines of microprint.

"500 Sheqalim" and "Bank of Israel" in Arabic and English.​

Comments:

Designer:​ Zvi Narkiss.​

Look-through:​ Four rhombs on the front merge with two rhombi on the back to form a Star of David when held against the light.​

Security thread:​ In the middle of the note.​