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20 Korun 1988, Czechoslovakia

in Krause book Number: 95
Years of issue: 01.07.1986 - 01.07.1993
Edition: --
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1985 - 1989 Issue
Specimen of: 01.07.1986
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 137 х 67
Printer: STC-Prague. Statni Tiskarna Cenin, Praha

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Korun 1988

Description

Watermark:

20 Korun 1988Linden leaves and stars.

Avers:

20 Korun 1988

Jan Amos Komensky

The engraving on banknote is, presumably, made after this portrait of Ján Amos Komenský.

Ján Amos Komenský (28 March 1592 - 15 November 1670) was a Czech teacher, educator and writer. He served as the last bishop of Unity of the Brethren and became a religious refugee and one of the earliest champions of universal education, a concept eventually set forth in his book Didactica Magna. He is considered the father of modern education. Comenius was the innovator who first introduced pictorial textbooks, written in native language instead of Latin, applied effective teaching based on the natural gradual growth from simple to more comprehensive concepts, supported lifelong learning and development of logical thinking by moving from dull memorization, presented and supported the idea of equal opportunity for impoverished children, opened doors to education for women, made instruction universal and practical. He lived and worked in many different countries in Europe, including Sweden, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Transylvania, the Holy Roman Empire, England, the Netherlands and Royal Hungary.

On the left side is a circular design with an open book.

Centered, on the top is an emblem of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.

coat czechoslovakia

In November 17, 1960 Act No.163 introduced a new national emblem (designed by M.Hegar), which was supposed to represent the so called "completion of the building of socialism" in Czechoslovakia. In fact, the emblem was at variance with the rules of heraldry, though it did at least preserve the lion as a symbol of the land of Bohemia.

The national emblem of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic is represented by a red shield in the shape of a Hussite pavis with a five-pointed star at the top and a white two-tailed lion rampant with a red escutcheon on its chest showing a blue silhouette of Mount Kriváò and a bonfire in gold color.

On the right side is "The Tree of Life" or, likely, "Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil". Symbolizes the knowledge, above all, of ethical categories, the ability to consciously choose between good and evil.

In bottom left corner are two Braille dots for visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals are on the left side vertically, top left and bottom right. In words centered.

Revers:

20 Korun 1988

The old alphabet is on the left side.

The most famous theoretical work on pedagogy of Comenius - "Great didactics" or the general theory of learning. He had a huge impact on the world of pedagogy and classroom practice.

Many didactic provisions of Komensky are the part of modern learning theory. According to him, the teacher must possess pedagogical skill and love their work, only then he will be able to fulfill its main task - to awaken students independent thought, make them such people, who care about the welfare of the whole society.

When each child will receive proper care and education, then we can build a prosperous and well-appointed state economy.

"Tree of Life" or likely "Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil", growing from the book by Comenius. Symbolizes the knowledge, above all, of ethical categories, the ability to consciously choose between good and evil.

The young couple is on the right side.

Atom symbol is in top left corner.

Matricaria chamomilla

On the right side - Matricaria chamomilla (Matricaria recutita), commonly known as chamomile (also spelled camomile), German chamomile, Hungarian chamomile (kamilla), wild chamomile or scented mayweed,

German chamomile is used in herbal medicine for a sore stomach, irritable bowel syndrome, and as a gentle sleep aid.

Two flowers are on the left side.

Denominations in numerals are on the right side vertically, in top left and bottom right corners (rosette on background).

Comments:

Designer: Albin Brunovsky.

Reverse engraver: Vaclav Fajt.

Obverse engraver: M. Ondrachek.

Prefixes in Series: E, H.