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50000 Dinara 1993, Croatia

in Krause book Number: 26
Years of issue: 30.05.1993
Edition: --
Signatures: Ministar Financija: Zoran Jasic (12 August 1992 - 7 July 1994)
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 30.05.1993
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 131 х 67
Printer: Zrinski d.d., Čakovec and Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50000 Dinara 1993

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Baptistery (baptismal font) of Prince of the Serbs Višeslav, IX century.

baptisterium

The original can be seen in the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments in Split.

The Baptismal Font of Prince Višeslav the first Croatian Prince who reined around 800 is an extremely important monument. This hexagonal stone vessel is witness to the time when Croats first accepted Christianity.

Avers:

50000 Dinara 1993

Ruđer Josip BoškovićThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Roger Joseph Boscovich by English portrait and historical painter Robert Edge Pine, 1760.

Roger Joseph Boscovich (Ruđer Josip Bošković, 8 May 1711 - 13 February 1787) was a physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath from the city of Dubrovnik in the Republic of Ragusa (today Croatia), who studied and lived in Italy and France where he also published many of his works.

He produced a precursor of atomic theory and made many contributions to astronomy, including the first geometric procedure for determining the equator of a rotating planet from three observations of a surface feature and for computing the orbit of a planet from three observations of its position. In 1753 he also discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon.

Right of him is his first work on geodesy.

Boskovic paid great value in their research to practical application of their knowledge. The result of his activity by measuring the shape and size of the Earth was the creation of a new discipline - geodesy. Applying astronomical techniques, he measured the length of one degree of the meridian, and showed that the Earth's shape is different from an ellipsoid of revolution (he coined the term geoid, which is still used today).

In top right corner is the coat of arms of Croatia.

coat

The coat of arms of the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Grb Republike Hrvatske) consists of one main shield and five smaller shields which form a crown over the main shield. The main coat of arms is a checkerboard (chequy) that consists of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields. It's also informally known in Croatian as šahovnica ("chessboard", from šah, "chess"). The five smaller shields represent five different historical regions within Croatia.

The checkerboard coat of arms (šahovnica) is first attested as an official symbol of the kingdom of Croatia on an Innsbruck tower depicting the emblem of Maximilian I, Archduke of Austria in 1495. It appeared on a seal from the Cetingrad Charter that confirmed the 1527 election of Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria as king of Croatia in Cetin.

The origin of the design has often been purported as being medieval. Historic tradition states it to be the arms of Stephen Držislav in the 10th century. A Split stone baptistry from the time of Peter Krešimir IV (1058-1074/5) has engraved falcons that carry something that resembles a chequy on their wings, and the bell tower of the medieval Church of St. Lucy, Jurandvor has a checkerboard pattern carved onto it.

The size of the checkerboard ranges from 3×3 to 8×8, but most commonly 5×5, like in the current design. It was traditionally conjectured that the colours originally represented two ancient Croat states, Red Croatia and White Croatia, but there is no historical evidence to support this.

Denomination in numeral is in lower left corner, in numeral and in words are lower, centered.

Revers:

50000 Dinara 1993

sculpture

"History of the Croats", sculpture made by famous Croatian sculptor Ivan Mestrovic, in front of University Rector's Building, in Zagreb, Croatia.

The original is in National Museum of Serbiaб in Belgrade, Serbia.

university

On the background is stylized University facade (University Rector's Building, in Zagreb, Croatia).

The University of Zagreb (Croatian: Sveučilište u Zagrebu; Latin: Universitas Studiorum Zagrabiensis) is the largest Croatian university and the oldest continuously operating university in the area covering Central Europe south of Vienna and all of Southeastern Europe. As of 2011, University of Zagreb is ranked among the 500 Best Universities of the world by the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Ivan Meštrović (August 15, 1883 - January 16, 1962) was a Croatian sculptor and architect. He is renowned as one of the greatest sculptors of the 20th century. He was the first living person to have a one man show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.

In lower right corner is Croatian coat of arms.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. In words in lower left corner.

Comments:

Designers: A. Miski, H. Jarvio.

The banknote was in circulation from 22 November 1993 to 30 May 1994. Graphic design of all Croatian bills of 1993 designed by the artist Zlatko Jakuš.

In UV light is the coat of arms visible, in center.