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1 Escudo 1970, Chile

in Krause book Number: 136
Years of issue: 1970 - 1973
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente: Alfonso Inostroza Cuevas, Gerente General: Jaime Barrios Meza
Serie: 1962 - 1975 Issue
Specimen of: 1964
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 144 x 69
Printer: Casa de Moneda de Chile , Estacion Central, Santiago.

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Escudo 1970

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Diego José Pedro Víctor Portales y Palazuelos (June 16, 1793 - June 6, 1837) was a Chilean statesman and entrepreneur. As a minister of president José Joaquín Prieto Diego Portales played a pivotal role in shaping the state and government politics in the 19th century, delivering with the Constitution of 1833 the framework of the Chilean state for almost a century. Portales influential political stance included unitarianism, presidentialism and conservatism which led to consolidate Chile as a constitutional authoritarian republic with democracy restricted to include only upper class men.

While deeply unpopular during his lifetime the murder of Portales in 1837 during a mutiny has been judged a decisive factor during the War of the Confederation by switching Chilean public opinion to support the war against the Peru-Bolivian Confederation.

Avers:

1 Escudo 1970

Frigate Captain Arturo Prat ChacónThe engraving on banknote is made after this image of Frigate Captain Arturo Prat Chacón.

Agustín Arturo Prat Chacón (April 3, 1848 - May 21, 1879) was a Chilean lawyer and navy officer. He was killed shortly after boarding the Peruvian armored monitor Huáscar at the Naval Battle of Iquique after the ship under his command, the Esmeralda, was rammed by the Peruvian monitor. Prat, as captain of the Esmeralda, was the first to board the Huáscar.

During his career, Prat had taken part in several major naval engagements, including battles at Papudo (a coastal city north of Valparaíso) (1865), and at the Battle of Abtao (1866), at the islet of Abtao across from Chiloé Island. Following his death, his name became a rallying cry for Chilean forces, and Arturo Prat has since been considered a national hero.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners, in words right, left and lower.

Revers:

1 Escudo 1970

Coat of arms of Chile, in light-olive color, is on the left side.

coat

The coat of arms of Chile dates from 1834 and was designed by the English artist Charles Wood Taylor (1792-1856). It is made up by a figurative background divided in two equal parts: the top one is blue and the bottom, red. A five pointed white star is in the center of the shield. This background is supported in one side by a condor, the most significant bird of prey from the Andes, and in the other, by a huemul, a singular and rare mammal of the Chilean territory. Both animals have in their heads the navy's golden crown, symbol of the heroic deeds of the Chilean Navy in the Pacific Ocean.

The coat of arms is crowned by a three feathered crest; each feather bearing one colour: blue, white and red. This crest was a symbol of distinction that former Presidents of the Republic used to wear on their hats.

Underneath the coat of arms and on the elaborated pedestal, there is a white band with the motto: "Por la Razón o la Fuerza" (By reason or force).

Foundation of Santiago

Centered is the painting "Foundation of Santiago", Oil on cloth, finished by Pedro Lira in 1898. Now is in National Historical Museum, Santiago, Chile.

The most famous work of Pedro Lira, which portrays the founding of Santiago de Chile in 1541 by Pedro de Valdivia. The image was for several years engaged in airline Chile along the XX and XXI centuries.

Pedro Lira (17 May 1845 - 20 April 1912) was a Chilean painter. He was one of the founders of the Chilean National Museum of Fine Arts

Lira came from a wealthy family, the son of José Calvo Santos Lira and Martina Rencoret Cienfuegos. Chile was experiencing a time of great economic prosperity, especially after the end of the War of the Pacific. During his childhood and adolescence he studied at the Instituto Nacional where he received a liberal education. He entered the Academy of Painting directed by Alejandro Ciccarelli. By 1862, Lira entered the workshop of master landscape painter Antonio Smith, while pursuing parallel career in law at the University of Chile, where he finished successfully in 1867. However, his interest in painting would aprevail and he went on to devote full time to art. From 1873 to 1884 he lived in France. He was a fan of Eugène Delacroix, copying several of his paintings. After his return to Chile helped by the innovative spirit of the government of Domingo Santa María, he felt an opportunity to create an environment similar to the Parisian culture and exhibit his art.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners, in words lower.

Comments:

Lithography. 6 or 7 numbers in serial number.

Prefixes: N; P; Q.