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2000 Pesos 2008, Chile

in Krause book Number: 160c
Years of issue: 2008
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente: Jose Fernando de Gregorio Rebeco, Gerente General: Alejandro Zurbuchen Silva (2008 - 2011)
Serie: 2004 Issue
Specimen of: 09.2004
Material: Polymer
Size (mm): 145 x 70
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

2000 Pesos 2008

Description

Watermark:

watermark

When the note is held up to the light the portrait of Manuel Rodríguez Erdoyza can be seen clearly defined. The watermark is obtained through varying the thickness of the paper and it can be seen from both sides of the note.

Avers:

2000 Pesos 2008

Manuel Javier Rodriguez ErdoizaThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Chilean hero.

Manuel Xavier Rodríguez Erdoíza (February 27, 1785 - May 26, 1818) was a Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader, considered one of the founders of independent Chile. An associate of Bernardo O'Higgins.

On 18 September 1810, in the absence of the Spanish monarch, a national government (Primera Junta Nacional de Gobierno) was formed from which sprung the struggle for Chilean Independence.

In May 1811, he was named attorney for Santiago de Chile. His attitude towards the independence cause was moderate up until the arrival from Spain of his old friend José Miguel Carrera, a passionate revolutionary.

In the latter part of 1811, Rodríguez was subsequently elected as parliamentary representative for Talca on 4 September, named Secretary of War on 15 November and on 2 December was conscripted into the army with the rank of Captain.

In 1813, the friendship between Rodríguez and Carrera (who by this time had seized control of the Chilean government) had begun to cool. Rodríguez and his brothers were detained and charged for conspiracy against Carrera. They were condemned to one year's exile on Juan Fernández island; however, Rodríguez was able to procure a document that impeded the completion of this sentence.

Carrera and Rodríguez renewed their friendship in 1814. The government junta presided by Carrera was replaced by a new one led by Colonel Francisco de la Lastra, which Rodríguez criticized profusely in the newspaper Monitor Araucano. When the Carrera brothers were removed from command, José Miguel was concealed by Rodríguez. After recovering control of the government, Carrera formed a new junta in which Rodríguez was made Secretary. However, Spanish forces led by General Mariano Osorio advanced from the south towards Santiago. After the Disaster of Rancagua, the Spanish took back control of Chile and Rodríguez, along with many other patriots, fled to Mendoza, Argentina.

José de San Martín, Governor of Cuyo, welcomed the Chilean exiles with open arms and organized a "Liberation Army" with Chileans and Argentinians included.

San Martín saw in Rodríguez the ideal spy since he was very shrewd and skilled for this position, and furthermore, his humble origins allowed him to easily pass for a commoner. He began creating disguises and communications systems-often carrying out his duties disguised as a monk, farmer, street merchant, domestic servant or even as a woman.

He was the most-wanted man during the rule of the Spanish Governor of Chile, Casimiro Marcó del Pont. His assaults on Melipilla and San Fernando were an important part of San Martín's strategy to divert attention away from the "Liberating Army" that entered Chile and triumphed at the Battle of Chacabuco.

After the victory at Chacabuco, the Chilean commander Bernardo O'Higgins ordered the arrest of Rodríguez who managed to escape capture and was hidden until San Martín was able to intervene on his behalf and conferred on him the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. After the surprise attack by the Spanish forces at the Second Battle of Cancha Rayada, Rodríguez was instrumental in maintaining calm in Santiago amid false rumors of the death of O'Higgins. It was during this event that he uttered his most famous quote Aún tenemos patria, ciudadanos (We still have a fatherland, citizens).

After the events at Cancha Rayada, Rodríguez and other Carrera supporters organised a regiment called the Hussars of Death (Húsares de la Muerte). The characteristic symbol of this organisation was a white skull over a black background, symbolising their will to die in battle rather than allowing the enemy to win. However, this regiment was not considered for the battle of Maipú and was latter dissolved by Bernardo O'Higgins (he and San Martín both opposed the Carrera brothers).

Rodríguez was killed on 26 May 1818 in Til-Til by soldiers the "Cazadores de los Andes" battalion commanded by Antonio Navarro, after being imprisoned by order of O'Higgins. His execution was extrajudicial, and it is widely attributed to the head of the government.

Rodriguez's body was mutilated and abandoned in a trench, but a group of local peasants found it and recognized Rodríguez, burying him secretly under the La Merced's Chapel's altar in Til-Til with the help of the local priest. This was a sample of the affection the people had for Manuel Rodríguez, as well as the fear and contempt for the government of O'Higgins.

By the end of the XX century, Rodríguez's body was moved to the General Cemetery of Santiago. It is believed today, however (after some research not yet finished), that the moved remains were not really Rodríguez's, but those of an older unknown soldier wearing the Husares de la Muerte uniform (although at the time of his assassination, Rodríguez was not wearing his legendary uniform), and that Rodríguez's body might still be buried in Til-Til's La Merced's Chapel.

monument

On the background is the Monument of Manuel Rodríquez by the Chilean scupltress Blanca Merino Lizana, displayed in Bustamante Park, in Santiago, Chile.

The title "BANCO CENTRAL DE CHILE" is printed on one line starting at the left at the top border. Underneath, the matching image from both sides of the bill appears.

The number "2000" appears in the bottom left-hand corner while "DOS MIL" (two thousand) appears below on the right. Immediately below this, micro printing repeats the words "BANCO CENTRAL DE CHILE".

The number "2000" appears on the lower right-hand side over the latent image. The words "PRESIDENTE" (President) and "GERENTE GENERAL" (General Manager) are printed on the bottom, from left to right. These titles carry the respective signatures and the date of printing above them.The serial letters followed by seven digits are printed on the top left-hand corner. This serial is duplicated in smaller print to the right of the portrait. The name "MANUEL RODRÍGUEZ E." appears towards the bottom right-hand corner. The number that corresponds to the location of the banknote in the sheet of paper appears to the left, underneath the coinciding motif and to the right underneath the serial and digits. Toward the foot of the banknote and to the center the bank note sometimes carries the imprint "CASA DE MONEDA DE CHILE". Otherwise it remains blank.The front includes guilloches, ornaments, multiform backgrounds and other security elements.

Revers:

2000 Pesos 2008

The main motif is a copy of an engraving of the Iglesia de los Dominicos (church).

church

The colonial Church of the Dominicans (San Vicente Ferrer) stands out with its green copper domes. It is located nearby Pueblito de los Domínicos art craft center in Las Condes, Santiago, Chile.

San Vicente Ferrer parish church was a shelter used by Manuel Rodriguez Erdoyza during Chile’s battle for independence in the 1810s.

The title "BANCO CENTRAL DE CHILE" is printed on two lines on the upper left border, while the value "DOS MIL" (two thousand) appears below. The number "2000" appears on the bottom left and top right-hand corners.

An image of a circular seal, showing part of the image of the BANCO CENTRAL DE CHILE logo, notwithstanding Acuerdo N° 314-02-931014, appears on the lower right of the bank note. On logo - condor over the Andes.

The back includes guilloches, ornaments, multiform backgrounds and other security elements.

Comments:

Printing Process: Offset, Intaglio and Typography.

This banknote is printed on pure cotton paper, which gives it a firm and resistant texture that feels rough to the touch.

When the note is held up to the light a hexagonal figure with a torch in it, which has been partially printed on both sides of the banknote, is revealed.

The security thread is embedded in the paper and when the note is held up to the light, the thread will appear as a dark stripe in which the words “DOS MIL” are visible in white.

The technique used in the printing feels thicker to the touch when you run your fingers over it or scratch it gently with your fingernail. You can feel the raised ink on the portrait of Manuel Rodríguez Erdoyza on the face of the banknote and on the engraving of the Church of los Dominicos on the back of the banknote.

Tilt the banknote at eye level and the letters “BC” will become visible on the on the upper right corner of the face of the note.

The clearly defined micro printed words “BANCO CENTRAL DE CHILE” are visible with a magnifying glass.

On the face of the note the signatures and the year of printing look yellowish green under ultra-violet light.

When the banknote is held under ultra-violet light, the paper itself does not glow but small fibers embedded in the paper and scattered randomly across both sides of the note, glow yellow and blue.

On the back of the note a florescent disc will appear on the center of the top of the main motif when the note is seen ultra-violet light.