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1 Tolar 1990, Slovenia

in Krause book Number: 1
Years of issue: 1990
Edition: --
Signatures: Sekretar za finance: Dr. Marko Kranjec
Serie: 1990 Issue
Specimen of: 1990
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 73
Printer: CETIS - graficno podjetje d.d., 3.000 Celje

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Tolar 1990

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Repeated geometrical design.

In UV - yellow.

Avers:

1 Tolar 1990

watermark

Triglav is with its elevation of 2,864 meters (9,396 ft) the highest mountain in Slovenia and the highest peak of the Julian Alps. The mountain is the preeminent symbol of the Slovene nation. It is the centerpiece of Triglav National Park, Slovenia's only national park.

Various names have been used for the mountain through history. An old map from 1567 named it Ocra mons, whereas Johann Weikhard von Valvasor named it Krma in the second half of the XVII century. According to the German mountaineer and professor Adolf Gstirner, the name Triglav first appeared in written sources as Terglau in 1452, but the original source has been lost. The next known occurrence of Terglau is cited by Gstirner and is from a court description of the border in 1573. Early forms of the name Triglav also include Terglau in 1612, Terglou in 1664 and Terklou around 1778-1789. The name is derived from the compound "Tri-golv" (literally "three-head" - that is "three peaks"), which may be understood literally because the mountain has three peaks when viewed from much of Upper Carniola. It is unlikely that the name has any connection to the Slavic deity Triglav. In the local dialect, the name is pronounced Tərgwòu̯ (with a second-syllable accent) in contrast to standard Slovene Tríglav.

Silhouette of the mountain is located inside a decorative frame, on top of which is the name of the country-issuer, and in the lower corners - denominations in numerals "1", and in words in Slovenian language. Denomination is repeated in the upper right corner of the bill, within the frame of geometric nodes. Along the right edge, vertically, printed serial number.

Revers:

1 Tolar 1990

The left side has repetitive decorative background lines with designated denomination "1".

The Prince's StoneIn lower left corner is the Prince's Stone.

The Prince's Stone (German: Fürstenstein, Slovene: Knežji kamen) is the reversed base of an ancient Ionic column that played an important role in the ceremony surrounding the installation of the princes of Carantania in the Early Middle Ages. After the incorporation into the Frankish Empire the procedure held in Slovene was continued as the first part of the coronation of the Dukes of Carinthia, followed by a mass at Maria Saal cathedral and the installation at the Duke's chair, where he swore an oath in German and received the homage of the estates.

The column probably originates from the nearby Roman city of Virunum, established as capital of the Noricum province under the reign of Emperor Claudius (41-54). During the Middle Ages the coat of arms of the Duchy of Carinthia were engraved at its top surface. Till 1862, when it was transferred to the Landhaus provincial assembly at Klagenfurt, it stood northwest of the Kaiserpfalz of Karnburg (Slovene: Krnski grad) in the Zollfeld plain, built by Emperor Arnulf of Carinthia.

The notion of the rulers receiving the power not from God or via inheritance, but from (the representatives of) the people was a notion that was not very common at the time, but it was a notion held by a tribal Slavic society living in peace over hundred years without being invaded.

The ceremony involving this notion was confirmed by several sources, including the medieval reports and the writing of Pope Pius II in 1509. It was also described by Jean Bodin in his Treatise on Republican Government (1576) as "unrivaled in the entire world", although there is evidence that the Stone of Scone (now kept between the crown jewels of Scotland at the Crown room of Edinburgh Castle, although formerly in the ruins of Scone Abbey, Scotland) was used in a similar fashion. See also Lia Fail the Irish Kingship of Tara. An echo of the notion of a stone of kingship is present in European literature in the form of the Arthurian motif of the Siege Perilous - itself derived, ultimately, from ancient Irish conceptions of kingship.

The peasant, sitting on the Stone, was representing the people during the ceremony and he had to ask in Slovene language: "Who is he, that comes forward?" Those sitting around him had to reply: "He is the prince of the land".

"Is he an upright judge seeking the well-being of the country, is he freeborn and deserving? Is he a foster and defender of the Christian faith?" the representative of the people had to ask them. "He is and he will be", they had to reply.

"By what right can he displace me from this my seat?", he had to ask them and they had to reply: "He will pay you sixty denarii and he will give you your home free and without tribute".

The peasant then had to give the duke a gentle blow on the cheek (un petit soufflet), after which the duke was allowed to draw his sword, mount the Stone and turn full circle, so as to face ritually in all directions. While this was being done, all had to sing the Slovenian Kyrie and praise God for the gift of a new ruler, in accordance with His divine will. Finally, the ruler had to be placed on horseback and conducted around the Stone three times.

On the the foreground of Prince's Stone is the inscription "Ministry of Finance", published under the personal signature of the official, responsible for the emission. The rest of the bill occupied rectangle with a gray frame, the center of which, surrounded by decorative elements, is a major numeral "1" - denomination and on top - the name of the issuing country. In the background is a visible hexagonal shape, which resembles a honeycomb, with a stylized Carniolan honey bee centered.

bee

The Carniolan honey bee (Apis mellifera carnica Pollmann) is a subspecies of the western honey bee. It is native to Slovenia, southern Austria, and parts of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.

It is favored among beekeepers for several reasons, not the least being its ability to defend itself successfully against insect pests while at the same time being extremely gentle in its behavior toward beekeepers. These bees are particularly adept at adjusting worker population to nectar availability. It relies on these rapid adjustments of population levels to rapidly expand worker bee populations after nectar becomes available in the spring, and, again, to rapidly cut off brood production when nectar ceases to be available in quantity. It meets periods of high nectar with high worker populations and consequently stores large quantities of honey and pollen during those periods. They are resistant to some diseases and parasites that can debilitate hives of other subspecies.

Comments:

The first banknotes were provisional payment notes issued on 8 October 1991, in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, and 5000 Tolarjev (0.50 and 2000 Tolarjev notes were also printed, but never issued).