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100 Gulden 1986, Suriname

in Krause book Number: 133a
Years of issue: 01.07.1986
Edition: --
Signatures: President: Henk Otmar Goedschalk (in office January 1985 to January 1994 and January 1997 to August 2000)
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 01.07.1986
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 149 х 73
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Gulden 1986

Description

Watermark:

Toucan

Red-billed toucan (Ramphastos tucanus Linnaeus).

Avers:

100 Gulden 1986

Cornelis Gerard Anton de Kom (22 February 1898, Paramaribo, Suriname - 24 April 1945, Camp Sandbostel near Bremervörde (between Bremen and Hamburg)) was a Surinamese resistance fighter and anti-colonialist author.

In 1920, at age 22, Anton de Kom (Cornelis Gerard Anton) left Paramaribo for Holland. While in Suriname he completed a MULO education and obtained a diploma in book keeping. As he was the son of a small farmer this diploma was certainly an accomplishment.

In the Netherlands, Anton de Kom works for a short period in the Hague and in his last job, working for a coffee/tobacco firm, he is fired because of his political believes. Anton de Kom is described as an anti-colonialists who also seeks contact with students from Indonesia studying in Holland. Anton de Kom is a political activist and supports in 1926 a manifest against Dutch colonialism.

He is an excellent speaker and writer who talks and writes about Suriname in the 'Communist Guide' and 'Links Richten' (Aim Left). He is active in the Dutch Communist Party and Anti-Imperialist and Colonialist organizations. Anton de Kom works for a while in the Royal Library and begins to write his book about 'Slave Resistance in Suriname'. In 1932, Anton de Kom and his family departed the Netherlands to return to Suriname.

He arrived on January 1933 in Paramaribo where he is welcomed by the crowd. His return to Suriname had alarmed the Dutch government as the Minister for the colonies had informed the GovGen of the Kom's return and had labeled him a 'communist agitator' and an anti-colonialist.

Upon his return in Suriname, Anton de Kom was not allowed by the government to hold mass meetings.

For this reason he opened a small "open air" office on his front yard what is now the Anton de Kom street. Hindustanis and Javanese from the farming districts came to Paramaribo to see and listen to him.

The Javanese saw in Anton de Kom an incarnation of "Gusti Amat' a legendary Javanese king who had come to Suriname to save them and to take them home to Java. Hindustanis saw in him a representative from Gandhi who would bring them back to India. Anton de Kom was not so popular among the Creoles workers and unemployed. It has been suggested that the Creoles were already politically organized and did not need him.

On January 31, 1933, the colonial government decides to clear and close his open air office in front of his house. When Anton de Kom complaints to the authorities he is promptly arrested and placed in a jail cell at Fort Zeelandia. News of his arrest and jailing spreads through the country and on 7 February 1933 people begin to congregate in front of the GovGen palace. They refuse to disperse and when the police opens fire in the air, panic and confusion reigns.

Two people are killed in the stampede and many are wounded and hospitalized. Anton de Kom is held for three months in a jail cell at Fort Zeelandia.

The government has no evidence and does not have a case against him. Thus the Dutch government exiles Anton de Kom to the Netherlands. Back in Holland, Anton de Kom endures many hardships. His anti-colonialist spirit is not broken. He holds lectures and works on his book. However all his writings are subject to Dutch censorship. When WWII breaks out, Anton de Kom joins the resistance. Then on 7 August 1944 he is picked up by German security forces and transported to a German concentration camp Neuengamme where he dies on 25 April 1945. (ANDA Suriname)

Waterkant Paramaribo

The Historic Inner City of Paramaribo (lower, centered) was rewarded because the city is a "gradual fusion of European architecture and construction techniques with indigenous South America materials and crafts".

The designated area is limited to the streets between Sommelsdijkse Kreek to the north and the Viottekreek to the south. Notable buildings include: Fort Zeelandia, Presidential Palace, Ministry of Finance, Reformed Church and the Roman Catholic Cathedral.

On banknote is the view on Waterkant (Riverside boulevard).

Ixora coccineaOn the background are the national flowers of Suriname - Ixora coccinea or Faya Lobi.

Ixora coccinea (also known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods or jungle flame) is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India and Sri Lanka. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes.

I. coccinea is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub, commonly 4-6 ft. (1.2-2 m.) in height, but capable of reaching up to 12 ft. (3.6 m.) high. It has a rounded form, with a spread that may exceed its height. The glossy, leathery, oblong leaves are about 4 in. (10 cm.) long, with entire margins, and are carried in opposite pairs or whorled on the stems. Small tubular, scarlet flowers in dense rounded clusters 2-5 in. (5-13 cm.) across are produced almost all year long.

Monument to the Revolution

"Monument to the Revolution" (mirror image) on the site of the destroyed Police Station, showing a woman and a group of military men.

The Revolution Monument, unveiled in 1981, is located at the Waterfront in commemoration of the Military Coup of 1980. The police head quarters, that stood at this location, was a monumental building, that burned down during the violence at 25 of February 1980 as a result of "sergeants coup", headed by Desi Bauterse, who established a military dictatorship, which lasted until 1987. During his reign were banned political parties, there was no freedom of assembly, political opponents of Bauterse were executed without a trial. Even University was closed in Suriname.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and right corners. In words at the top.

Revers:

100 Gulden 1986

Ramphastos tucanus LinnaeusRed-billed toucan (Ramphastos tucanus Linnaeus).

Based on a model of deforestation in the Amazon basin, and the species's susceptibility to hunting, it is suspected that its population is declining rapidly over three generations, and it has therefore been classified as Vulnerable.

Ramphastos tucanus has a wide from eastern Venezuela through Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana, east of the Rio Negro in northeast Brazil and also south of the Amazon in northern Pará and Maranhão states.

Toucan is surrounded by the flowers: Ixora coccinea, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Heliconia bihai and, right of toucan's tail - Etlingera elatior.

Heliconia bihaiHeliconia bihai (red palulu) of the Heliconiaceae family is an erect herb typically growing taller than 1.5 m. It is native to northern South America and the West Indies. It is especially common in northern Brazil and the Guianas but also found in Hispaniola, Jamaica, the Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Venezuela and Colombia. Other names by which the plant is commonly known include balisier and macawflower.

Hibiscus rosa sinensis

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as rose mallow, Chinese hibiscus, China rose and shoe flower, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to East Asia. Could be in different colors.

Etlingera elatiorEtlingera elatior (also known as torch ginger, ginger flower, red ginger lily, torch lily, wild ginger, combrang, bunga kantan, Philippine wax flower, xiang bao jiaing, Indonesian tall ginger, boca de dragón, rose de porcelaine, and porcelain rose) is a species of herbaceous perennial plant. Botanical synonyms include Nicolaia elatior, Phaeomeria magnifica, Nicolaia speciosa, Phaeomeria speciosa, Alpinia elatior, and Alpinia magnifica.

The showy pink flowers are used in decorative arrangements, while the flower buds are an important ingredient in the Nonya dish laksa. In North Sumatra, the flower buds are used for a dish called arsik ikan mas (Andaliman/Szechuan pepper-spiced carp).

It is known in Indonesian as bunga kecombrang or honje, Malay as bunga kantan and Thai as ดาหลา , daalaa. In Thailand, it is eaten in a kind of Thai salad preparation.

In Karo, it is known as asam cekala (asam meaning "sour"), and the flower buds, but more importantly the ripe seed pods, which are packed with small black seeds, are an essential ingredient of the Karo version of sayur asam, and are particularly suited to cooking fresh fish.

On the right side is Anton de Kom and a group of people at demonstration.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners.

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