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1 Baht 1955, Thailand

in Krause book Number: 74
Years of issue: 1953 - 1966
Edition: --
Signatures: Sunthorn Hongladarom, Dr. Puey Ungphakorn
Serie: 1948 Issue, Series 9
Specimen of: 1953
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 125 х 64
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Baht 1955

Description

Watermark:

watermark

HM The King Rama IX.

Avers:

1 Baht 1955

Rama IXThe engraving on banknote is made after this photo of HM The King Rama IX with the Queen Sikirit.

HM The King Rama IX in military uniform (in young age).

Bhumibol Adulyadej (born 5 December 1927, Cambridge, Massachusetts US) is the reigning King of Thailand. He is also known as Rama IX, as he is the ninth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty. Having reigned since 9 June 1946, he is the world's longest-serving current head of state and the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history.

King Bhumibol is respected and revered by most Thais. In 1957, the overthrow of his then government was justified with allegations of lèse majesté, which is offence against the dignity of the monarch, punishable under Thai law. Although Bhumibol did invite public criticism in a 2005 speech, the lèse majesté laws have not been revoked by the Thai parliament.

Forbes estimated Bhumibol's fortune-including property and investments managed by the Crown Property Bureau (CPB), a unique body that is neither private nor government-owned-to be US$30 billion in 2010, and he was the leader of the magazine's list of "The World's Richest Royals" from 2008 to 2013. In May 2014, Bhumibol's wealth was once again listed as US$30 billion. Officially the assets managed by the CPB are owned by the crown as an institution, not Bhumibol Adulyadej as an individual.

Centered is The Grand Palace (Thai: พระบรมมหาราชวัง, rtgs: Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) is a complex of buildings at the heart of Bangkok, Thailand. The palace has been the official residence of the Kings of Siam (and later Thailand) since 1782. The king, his court and his royal government were based on the grounds of the palace until 1925. The present monarch, King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), currently resides at Chitralada Palace, but the Grand Palace is still used for official events. Several royal ceremonies and state functions are held within the walls of the palace every year. The palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Thailand.

Construction of the palace began on May 6 1782, at the order of King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke (Rama I), the founder of the Chakri Dynasty, when he moved the capital city from Thonburi to Bangkok. Throughout successive reigns, many new buildings and structures were added, especially during the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). By 1925, the king, the Royal Family and the government were no longer permanently settled at the palace, and had moved to other residences. After the abolition of absolute monarchy in 1932, all government agencies completely moved out of the palace.

In shape, the palace complex is roughly rectangular and has a combined area of 218,400 square meters (2,351,000 sq ft), surrounded by four walls. It is situated on the banks of the Chao Phraya River at the heart of the Rattanakosin Island, today in the Phra Nakhon District. The Grand Palace is bordered by Sanam Luang and Na Phra Lan Road to the north, Maharaj Road to the west, Sanamchai Road to the east and Thai Wang Road to the south.

Rather than being a single structure, the Grand Palace is made up of numerous buildings, halls, pavilions set around open lawns, gardens and courtyards. Its asymmetry and eclectic styles are due to its organic development, with additions and rebuilding being made by successive reigning kings over 200 years of history. It is divided into several quarters: the Temple of the Emerald Buddha; the Outer Court, with many public buildings; the Middle Court, including the Phra Maha Monthien Buildings, the Phra Maha Prasat Buildings and the Chakri Maha Prasat Buildings; the Inner Court and the Siwalai Gardens quarter. The Grand Palace is currently partially open to the public as a museum, but it remains a working palace, with several royal offices still situated inside.

slonEmblem of Thailand (Siam), the three-headed elephant Erawan is in the lower right corner.

coat

On the top is the national emblem of Thailand - Garuda.

Revers:

1 Baht 1955

Ananta Samakhom Throne HallThe Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall is a former reception hall within Dusit Palace in Bangkok, Thailand. It now serves as a museum and is from time to time employed for certain state occasions.

One year after the completion of the Amphorn Satharn Villa within the Dusit Palace in 1906, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) commissioned the construction of a reception hall to replace the one built during the reign of King Mongkut (Rama IV).

King Chulalongkorn died in 1910 and the building was finally completed in 1915.

The building in Italian Renaissance and Neo Classic style was commissioned to the architects Mario Tamagno and Annibale Rigotti. Marble from Carrara, Italy, and other foreign materials were used. Italian sculptor Vittorio Novi, who would later also work on the Mahadthai udthit Bridge (สะพานมหาดไทยอุทิศ), was employed with his nephew Rudolfo Nolli.

The Throne Hall is a two storey construction with a large dome (49.5 m. high) in the centre, surrounded by six smaller domes. The domes and walls are covered with paintings by Professor Galileo Chini and Carlo Riguli depicting the history of the Chakri Dynasty, from the first to the sixth reign.

Comments:

Black serial number.

His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej (King Rama IX) ascended the throne on June 9, 1946. During the early part of his reign there were a large number of counterfeit notes of 8th Series.

The reasons were that the designs were not intaglio printed and the printing was carried out in a hurry, causing a lack of quality. The Ministry of Finance thus permitted the Bank of Thailand to place orders for banknotes with Thomas de la Rue after learning that the company was ready to resume operations.

Banknotes 9th Series, had have been in circulation for over twenty years. For this reason, people are quite familiar with the colors of each type and denomination, making it difficult to forge. It can be assumed that the colors the 9th Series are the standard for current Thai banknotes.