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20 Lira 2009, Turkey

in Krause book Number: 224
Years of issue: 01.01.2009
Edition:
Signatures: Governor: Durmus Yilmaz, Deputy Governor: Doc.Dr. Erdem Basc
Serie: Series 2009
Specimen of: 01.01.2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 142 x 68
Printer: Central Bank of Turkey, Banknote Printing Facility, Ankara

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Lira 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and denomination 20.

Avers:

20 Lira 2009

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 - 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, reformist statesman, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament.

Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state. Under his leadership, thousands of new schools were built, primary education was made free and compulsory, and women were given equal civil and political rights, while the burden of taxation on peasants was reduced. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

Above the denomination, in center - the five pointed star.

Top left are two Braille dots (horizontally) for the visually impaired.

On the right side is a hologram window with denomination inside.

Denominations in numerals are in lower eft and top right corners, in words and in numeral centered.

Revers:

20 Lira 2009

Mimar Ahmet Kemaleddin BeyThe engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Mimar Kemaleddin Bey.

Mimar Kemaleddin Bey (1870 - July 13, 1927), widely known as Mimar Kemaleddin, was a renowned Turkish architect of the very late period of the Ottoman architecture and the early years of the newly established Republic. "Mimar" is the Turkish word for architect. He was among the pioneers of the First Turkish National Architectural Movement. In 1870, the only son of Bahriye Miralayı Ali Bey and Sadberk Hanım, Mahmud Kemaleddin, was born into a middle class Ottoman family in the İstanbul district of Acıbadem. He lived in the years that changed history. The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century was an interval of time that harboured events of an intensity and importance for the world and for Ottoman geography and history. It was an era of change difficult to follow even from Europe to the Far East.

Gazi ÜniversitesiOn the background is the building of Gazi University.

This is one of Kemalettin Bey’s last works. Its design was completed in 1927 and its construction in 1930; the same year in which the school began its educational programme.

The building consists of four storeys including the basement and occupies a large rectangular area. Two inner courtyards symmetrically aligned with the entrance axis are surrounded with a corridor system in the axial plan. The midsection on the axis is five storeys high with a sixth floor over the entrance used as an observatorium.

The entrance porch accessed by wide steps is indicated with colossal columns and high arches. On the upper veranda a distinctive balance and decorative accent pattern is achieved with the lintels of pairs of flat arched dwarf.

The classicist fiction of the "losenge" pattered colonnades in the entrances allow the magnificence of the building to be sensed on a human scale.

Gazi University (Turkish: Gazi Üniversitesi) is a public university primarily located in Ankara, Turkey. It was established in 1926 by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk as Gazi Teacher Training Institute. In 1982, it was reorganized by merging with the Bolu Academy of Engineering and Architecture, Ankara Academy of Economics and Commercial Sciences, the Ankara College of Technical Careers, the Ankara Girls' College of Technical Careers, and the Ankara State Academy of Engineering and Architecture to become a large metropolitan university as part of the act which created the Board of Higher Education. Prior to 1982 when the Board of Higher Education Law came into effect, institutes of higher education in Turkey were organized under different structures as universities, academies, institutes, and schools. In 1992 faculties and vocational schools in Bolu became Abant Izzet Baysal University.

Gazi University comprises 21 faculties, 4 schools, 11 vocational schools of higher education, 48 research centers and 7 graduate institutes. The student enrollment of Gazi University has reached approximately 77,000 in total of whom about 1,500 come from the Turkic states of Central Asia. Five thousand students are enrolled in graduate programmes. The total size of the teaching faculty exceeds 3,000 persons.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words lower, centered.

Comments:

Interesting fact: On larger denominations Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is looking exactly at you. The angle of his bust is turning more from you on smaller denominations. That's why Turks saying: "If you have just little money, then Ataturk will not even look at you".