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5 Lira 2009, Turkey

in Krause book Number: 222
Years of issue: 01.01.2009
Edition:
Signatures: Governor: Durmus Yilmaz, Deputy Governor: Doc.Dr. Erdem Basc
Serie: Series 2009
Specimen of: 01.01.2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 130 x 64
Printer: Central Bank of Turkey, Banknote Printing Facility, Ankara

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Lira 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and denomination 5.

Avers:

5 Lira 2009

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 - 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, reformist statesman, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament.

Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state. Under his leadership, thousands of new schools were built, primary education was made free and compulsory, and women were given equal civil and political rights, while the burden of taxation on peasants was reduced. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

Above the denomination, in center - the five pointed star.

Top left is one Braille dot for the visually impaired.

On the right side is a hologram window with denomination inside.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners, in words and in numeral centered.

Revers:

5 Lira 2009

Aydın Sayılı (2 May 1913 - 15 October 1993) was a prominent Turkish historian of science.

Sayılı began to work at the department of philosophy at Ankara University in 1943. He became associate professor in 1946 and full professor in 1952. He was promoted to be distinguised professor in 1958. Sayılı retired in 1983, and was appointed the head of the Atatürk Culture Center in 1984. His term lasted until 1993. He also served as member of the Turkish History Society and International Academy of History of Science.

Centered is vertical spiral and the symbol of atom.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words lower, centered.

Comments:

Interesting fact: On larger denominations Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is looking exactly at you. The angle of his bust is turning more from you on smaller denominations. That's why Turks saying: "If you have just little money, then Ataturk will not even look at you".