header Notes Collection

5 Lira 2009, Turkey

in Krause book Number: 222
Years of issue: 01.01.2009
Edition: 645 875 000
Signatures: Governor: Durmuş Yılmaz, Deputy Governor: Doç. Dr. Erdem Başçı
Serie: Series 2009
Specimen of: 01.01.2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 130 x 64
Printer: Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası Banknot Matbaası, Ankara

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Lira 2009




Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and denomination 5.


5 Lira 2009

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 - 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, reformist statesman, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament.

Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state. Under his leadership, thousands of new schools were built, primary education was made free and compulsory, and women were given equal civil and political rights, while the burden of taxation on peasants was reduced. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

Above the denomination, in center - the five pointed star.

Top left is one Braille dot for the visually impaired.

On the right side is a hologram window with denomination inside.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners, in words and in numeral centered.


5 Lira 2009

Aydın Sayılı (2 May 1913 - 15 October 1993) was a prominent Turkish historian of science

Sayılı was born in Istanbul on 2 May 1913. His parents were Abdurrahman Sayılı (1875-1954) and Suat Sayılı (1889-1951). He had two sisters. Sayılı graduated from Atatürk High School in Ankara in 1933. His career was aided by a chance meeting with Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, whom he impressed enough to receive a state-supported scholarship to attend Harvard University, where he studied the history of science.

In 1942, Sayılı obtained a PhD degree in the history of science at Harvard University under the supervision of George Sarton. His PhD thesis focused on the scientific institutions in the Islamic world and represented one of the first PhD theses written on Islamic studies in Harvard University.

Sayılı began to work at the Department of Philosophy at Ankara University in 1943. He became associate professor in 1946 and full professor in 1952. He was promoted to be distinguished professor in 1958. Sayılı retired in 1983, and was appointed the head of the Atatürk Culture Centre in 1984. His term lasted until 1993. He also served as a member of the Turkish History Society and the International Academy of the History of Science.

In 1973, Aydın Sayılı was awarded by the Polish government with the Copernicus Medal for his work on the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.

In 1977, he was decorated with the TÜBİTAK Service Award. In 1980 he was selected as a member of the International Editorial Committee of UNESCO. In 1981, he was awarded by Istanbul University the Excellent Service Award and in 1990 he was decorated with the UNESCO Award for his lifetime achievements.

Sayılı died of a heart attack in Ankara on 15 October 1993, aged 80. He was buried at Cebeci Cemetery in Ankara on 18 October 1993.


Centered are Left-handed Z-DNA helix and atom symbol.

Z-DNA is one of the many possible double helical structures of DNA. It is a left-handed double helical structure in which the helix winds to the left in a zigzag pattern, instead of to the right, like the more common B-DNA form. Z-DNA is thought to be one of three biologically active double-helical structures along with A-DNA and B-DNA.

Fragment of the solar system.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words lower, centered.


Interesting fact: On larger denominations Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is looking exactly at you. The angle of his bust is turning more from you on smaller denominations. That's why Turks saying: "If you have just little money, then Ataturk will not even look at you".

Professor Aziz Sancar, an American of Turkish descent who received the 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his study of DNA repair processes, noticed an error on a Turkish five lire note.

The banknote, which depicts the Turkish historian of science Aydın Sayılı, has been in circulation since 2009. In addition to the portrait of the scientist, the banknote contains various symbols related to science, including the image of the DNA helix.

Aziz Sankar spoke in a series of meetings in several Turkish schools, during one of them he noted that the double helix of DNA depicted on the five-lined bill does not look right. He explained that the Z-DNA spiral on the banknote is twisted from left to right, but in fact it should twist in the opposite direction.

The scientist said that he noticed the mistake a long time ago and back in 2011 he wrote a letter to the central bank of Turkey. However, banknotes with the wrong DNA continue to be issued. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the correction of the error and the re-issue of the lyre are associated with serious costs and bureaucratic difficulties. ( .rus)