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100 Kronur 2011, Faeroe Islands

in Krause book Number: 25
Years of issue: 2011
Edition: --
Signatures: High Commissioner: Dan Michael Knudsen, Minister of Finance: Aksel Vilhelmsson Johannesen
Serie: 2001 - 2005 Issue
Specimen of: 16.01.2003
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 135 х 72
Printer: Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Kronur 2011

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Faroes sheep. The Faroes is a breed of domestic sheep native to the Faroe Islands. One of the Northern European short-tailed sheep, it is a small, very hardy breed.

"Faeroe islands" means "sheep islands" and this animal is on Faroese coat of arms.

Avers:

100 Kronur 2011

Gadus morhuaThe motif for the 100-krone banknote is a fragment of a Atlantic cod’s tail printed in intaglio. Behind the motif is a watercolor with sea elements.

After the sketches of Zacharias Heinesen.

The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans. It is also commercially known as cod or codling. Dry cod may be prepared as unsalted stock-fish or as cured salt cod or clip-fish.

In the western Atlantic Ocean, cod has a distribution north of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, and around both coasts of Greenland and the Labrador Sea; in the eastern Atlantic, it is found from the Bay of Biscay north to the Arctic Ocean, including the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, Sea of the Hebrides, areas around Iceland and the Barents Sea.

It can grow to 2 meters in length and weigh up to 96 kilograms (212 lb.). It can live for 25 years and usually attains sexual maturity between ages two and four, but cod in the northeast Arctic can take as long as eight years to fully mature. Colouring is brown to green, with spots on the dorsal side, shading to silver ventrally. A stripe along its lateral line is clearly visible. Its habitat ranges from the shoreline down to the continental shelf.

Several cod stocks collapsed in the 1990s (declined by >95% of maximum historical biomass) and have failed to recover even with the cessation of fishing. This absence of the apex predator has led to a trophic cascade in many areas. Many other cod stocks remain at risk. The Atlantic cod is labelled VU (vulnerable) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Revers:

100 Kronur 2011

KlaksvikTo match the cod on the face of the banknote, the reverse motif is a watercolor of Klaksvík, one of the most important Faroese fishing ports.

Klaksvík (Danish: Klaksvig) is the second largest town of the Faroe Islands. The town is located on Borðoy, which is one of the northernmost islands (the Norðoyar).

The first settlement at Klaksvík dates back to Viking times, but it was not until the 20th century that the district merged to form a large, modern Faroese town that became a cultural and commercial centre for the Northern Isles and the Faroe Islands as a whole.

Klaksvík is located between two inlets lying back to back. It has an important harbour with fishing industry and a modern fishing fleet. Originally, four farms were located where Klaksvík is now. In time, they grew into four villages, Vágur, Myrkjanoyri, Gerðar and Uppsalir, which finally merged to form the town of Klaksvík in 1938. What triggered the development of the town was the establishment of a centralized store for all the northern islands on the location.

The brewery Föroya Bjór in Klaksvík is a Faroese family brewery, founded in 1888. The ram has been the symbol of the brewery since the early beginning. Since August 2007, when Restorffs Bryggjarí went out of business, Föroya Bjór has been the only producer of beer and soft drinks in the Faroe Islands.

With the opening of the Leirvík sub sea tunnel, the Norðoyatunnilin in April 2006, Klaksvík gained a physical link with the mainland of the Faroe Islands and can now be considered one of its key ports. Several developments are under way to exploit this symbiosis, including a new industrial park located by the tunnel entrance. Klaksvík is home to Summarfestivalurin, the largest music festival in the Faroe Islands.

From the sketches of Zacharias Heinesen.

Comments:

I got this note in Danish National Bank, in Copenhagen, at 7 of May 2013.

The Faroese banknote series was upgraded with a new, more sophisticated window thread in 2012.

The motif moves up and down when the banknote is tilted from side to side - and vice versa. Another new security feature is the face-and-reverse symbol, i.e. print on the face and reverse fits together to create a symbol when the banknote is held up to the light. At the same time, the watermark and the hidden thread become visible. The symbols have been inspired by decorations from old Faroese wooden churches. The security features help to secure the banknotes against counterfeiting.

Designer: Zacharias Heinesen (born 1936 in Tórshavn) is a Faroese landscape painter. He is the son of the writer William Heinesen.

He attended "Myndlistaskóli Íslands" (The Icelandic College of Art and Crafts), established in 1939 in Reykjavik, between 1957-1958. In 1959-1963 he attended the Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen. Through the years he has held a number of exhibitions and his paintings are to be found in several museums. In 1986 he was awarded the Henry Heerup prize.

His paintings were featured on a series of stamps in June 2001.