header Notes Collection
Top

50 Zlotych 2012, Poland

in Krause book Number: 175
Years of issue: 07.04.2014
Edition: --
Signatures: Prezes: Marek Belka, Glowny Scarbnik: Jerzy Stopyra
Serie: Modification 2012
Specimen of: 05.01.2012
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 132 x 66
Printer: Polska Wytwornia Papierow Wartocziowych, Warszawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Zlotych 2012

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Casimir III the Great. Denomination 50.

Avers:

50 Zlotych 2012

Casimir III the Great

The engraving on banknote is based after this portrait of Casimir III the Great by polish painter Jan Matejko, date of portrait - XIX century.

Casimir III the Great (Kazimierz III Wielki, 30 April 1310 - 5 November 1370) who reigned in 1333-1370, was the last King of Poland from the Piast dynasty, the son of King Władysław I ("the Elbow-high") and Duchess Hedwig of Kalisz.

Born in Kowal, Casimir first married Anna, or Aldona Ona, the daughter of Grand Duke Gediminas of Lithuania. The daughters from this marriage were Cunigunde (d. 1357), who was married to Louis VI the Roman, the son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and Elisabeth, who was married to Duke Bogislaus V of Pomerania. Aldona died in 1339, and Casimir then married Adelaide of Hesse. He divorced Adelaide in 1356, married Christina, divorced her, and while Adelaide and possibly Christina as well were still alive (ca. 1365), married Hedwig of Głogów and Sagan. His three daughters by his fourth wife were very young at their father's death, and regarded as of dubious legitimacy because of Casimir's bigamy. Because all of the five children he fathered with his first and fourth wife were daughters, Casimir left no lawful male heir to his throne.

When Casimir, the last Piast king of Poland, died in 1370 from an injury received while hunting, his nephew King Louis I of Hungary succeeded him to become king of Poland in personal union with Hungary.

On the right side is a plastic window, under is stylized royal monogram.

Polish coat of arms is centered.

coat

The White Eagle (Polish: Orzeł Biały) is the national coat of arms of Poland. It is a stylized white eagle with a golden beak and talons, and wearing a golden crown, in a red shield.

The White Eagle emblem originated when Poland's legendary founder Lech saw a white eagle's nest. When he looked at the bird, a ray of sunshine from the red setting sun fell on its wings, so they appeared tipped with gold, the rest of the eagle was pure white. He was delighted and decided to settle there and placed the eagle on his emblem. He also named the place Gniezdno (currently Gniezno) from the Polish word gniazdo ("nest").

On the right side is a plastic window, under are stylized leafs.

Bottom left is a Braille symbol for the visually impaired (a rhombus).

Denomination in numeral is on the left side and in top right corner, in words also on the left side.

Revers:

50 Zlotych 2012

seal

The Eagle on the royal seal of Casimir III the Great.

The orb and the scepter (on left) are centered.

view

The views of ancient Krakow and Kazimierz (on left).

The engravings are made after this woodcut made in 1493 from Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle; view facing west, with Casmirus (Kazimierz) on the left.

The Nuremberg Chronicle is an illustrated biblical paraphrase and world history that follows the story of human history related in the Bible; it includes the histories of a number of important Western cities. Written in Latin by Hartmann Schedel, with a version in German, translation by Georg Alt, it appeared in 1493. It is one of the best documented early printed books - an incunabulum - and one of the first to successfully integrate illustrations and text.

Latin scholars refer to it as Liber Chronicarum (Book of Chronicles) as this phrase appears in the index introduction of the Latin edition. English speakers have long referred to it as the Nuremberg Chronicle after the city in which it was published. German speakers refer to it as Die Schedelsche Weltchronik (Schedel's World History) in honour of its author.

Kazimierz (Latin: Casimiria; Yiddish: קוזמיר) is a historical district of Kraków and Kraków Old Town, Poland. Since its inception in the fourteenth century to the early nineteenth century, Kazimierz was an independent town, a royal city of the Crown of the Polish Kingdom, located south of Kraków Old Town and separated by a branch of the Vistula river. For many centuries, Kazimierz was a place of coexistence and interpenetration of Christian and Jewish cultures, its north-eastern part of the district was historic Jewish, whose Jewish inhabitants were forcibly relocated in 1941 by the German occupying forces in the Krakow ghetto in Podgórze. Today Kazimierz is one of the major tourist attractions of Krakow and an important center of cultural life of the city.

The boundaries of Kazimierz are defined by an old island in the Vistula river. The northern branch of the river (Stara Wisła - Old Vistula) was filled-in at the end of the 19th century during the partitions of Poland and made into an extension of ul. Stradomska Street connecting Kazimierz district with Kraków Old Town.

Denominations in numerals are in top right and lower left corners, lower right also in words.

Comments:

Designer: Andrzej Heidrich.

Sculptor: J. Moore.

I got this note in Swinoujscie, Poland at 16 of May 2014.