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1/4 Rial 1989, Oman

in Krause book Number: 24
Years of issue: 1989
Edition:
Signatures: Sultan of Oman: Sultan Qaboos bin Said
Serie: Fourth Series
Specimen of: 1987
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 135 x 68
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1/4 Rial 1989

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The Sultan of Oman Qaboos bin Said Al Said.

Security thread.

Avers:

1/4 Rial 1989

1/4 Rial 1989 1/4 Rial 1989

The notes of the fourth issue are distinct from previous issues by displaying the portrait of Sultan Qaboos on all denominations and carrying enhanced security features. This issue is also peculiar in that each denomination has been introduced as required, rather than all at once, with the 50-rial notes being introduced in 1985 and the 5-rial note being the last denomination introduced in 1990.

The portrait of the Sultan is the dominant feature on each note, with the portrait being the same on all notes save the 100 baisa – where the portrait is slightly more "full face". Not only is the portrait now the dominant feature, it is also the watermark and the major fluorescent device on each note.

Qaboos bin Said Al Said ( قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد‎, born 18 November 1940, Salalah, Oman) is the Sultan of Oman and its Dependencies. He rose to power after overthrowing his father, Said bin Taimur, in a palace coup in 1970. He is the 14th-generation descendant of the founder of the Al Bu Sa'idi dynasty.

By combining the Imamat of Oman and the Muscat Sultanate in a single state, the Sultan then, with the support of Great Britain and Shah's Iran, managed to defeat the insurgency in Dhofar. In November 1996, Sultan Qaboos signed the first Basic Law (Constitution) of Oman.

emblem of Oman

On top is the national emblem of Oman (شعار سلطنة عمان‎). It is an insignia consisting of a khanjar inside its sheath that is superimposed upon two crossed swords. Adopted in the 18th century as the badge of the Omani royal family, it subsequently became the national emblem of the Sultanate of Oman. The emblem is featured at the canton on the Flag of Oman.

The national emblem was first designed in the mid-18th century, when it was adopted as the royal crest of the Al Said dynasty. Its usage was expanded when it subsequently became the national emblem of the sultanate. This occurred during the reign of either Faisal bin Turki (1888-1913) or Taimur bin Feisal (1913-1932). The emblem was later incorporated onto the canton of the country's national flag in 1970. Moreover, in order to distinguish "directly royal entities" and create a distinct symbol for these organizations, a crown was added to the top of the national emblem. This modified insignia is utilized on the badges of all branches of Sultan's Armed Forces, including the Royal Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force, Royal Guard, and Royal Oman Police - among many others.

According to the Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the khanjar - along with the two crossed swords - symbolize the historic weapons utilized by the people of Oman. They are attached together by an embellished horse-bit at the center. The khanjar itself is a national symbol of the sultanate, and is still worn by Omani men as a "ceremonial dagger" for formal occasions. It is a ceremonial dagger with its abundantly decorated sheath, traditionally made of rhinoceros-horn, highly appreciated in the arab world and for that reason contributes substantially to the extinction of the rhinoceros in Africa.

Denominations are in top corners, centered in words.

Revers:

1/4 Rial 1989

Fishing industry in Oman. Most likely, on banknote depicted tuna fish.

Denominations are in top corners, lower centered in words.

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