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10 Nuevos Soles 2006, Peru

in Krause book Number: 179b
Years of issue: 21.12.2006
Edition: 250 000 000
Signatures: Presidente: Julio Velarde Flores, Director: Abel Salinas Izaguirre, Gerente General: Renzo Rossini Miñán
Serie: 2005 Issue
Specimen of: 2005
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 140 x 65
Printer: Francois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire SA, Colombes

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Nuevos Soles 2006




José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles and denomination 10.


10 Nuevos Soles 2006

Jose Abelardo Quinones Gonzales

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Peruvian hero.

José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles (April 22, 1914 - July 23, 1941) was a Peruvian military aviator and national aviation hero. He sacrificed his life crashing into an Ecuadorian battery (such as the Japanese kamikaze would crash at American ships in the Second World War) during the Battle of Zarumilla in the Ecuadorian-Peruvian war.

Lieutenant Quinones was a fighter pilot in the 41st Escuadrilla (Flight) of the Peruvian Air Force, which participated in a bombing raid at Quebrada Seca on July 23, 1941. Quinones' aircraft, a North American NA-50 "TORITO", was shot down by a battery of Ecuadorian anti-aircraft artillery; having no time to parachute to safety, Quinones made the supreme sacrifice by crashing his aircraft onto the Ecuadorian battery.

NA-50 Torito

In the center is a picture of the aircraft P-64 (NA-50 Torito), on which José Abelardo Quiñones made his feat.

North American NA-50

Role: Fighter

Manufacturer: North American Aviation

First flight: 1 August 1938 (NA-50)

Retired: 1950 (Peru)

Primary users: Peru

Number built: 7

Developed from: North American BC-1

The North American NA-50 was developed by North American Aviation as a simple single seat, low-wing, single engine fighter for export. The design was developed from the NA-16/BT-9 basic training aircraft of 1935. The NA-16 evolved into a series of aircraft that were some of the most widely used advanced and basic training aircraft produced by any country and provided the basic design for a single engine fighter intended for small countries that needed a simple aircraft with modern capabilities and features.

NA-50 Torito

Peru purchased seven of the North American NA-50 “Torito” (Spanish slang for "little bull") single-seat fighters, factory serial numbers 50-948 to 50-954. Powered by a 840-hp Wright R-1280-77 Cyclone engine, the Peruvian single-seater marked North American Aviation's entry into fighter design. Based on the North American BC-1, the concept was the ideal answer to the need by smaller nations for a lower-cost fighter. The wingspan was shortened to 37 ft. 4 in., the sweepBack was reduced and the tips squared The fuselage structure was strengthened to accommodate the 840-hp Wright radial air-cooled engine with a 3-blade propeller. The armament consisted of two cowl-mounted 0.30-in. (7.62 mm.) Browning M12919 machine guns, two 0.30's in the wings and underwing racks for dive bombing.

North American Aviation pilot Paul Balfour made the first flight on 1 August 1938, and the final acceptance was on 15 April 1939. Peruvian pilots ferried the first three planes to South America and the other four were crated and shipped by boat.

The Peruvian NA-50's took part in the Ecuadorian-Peruvian war of July 1941, supporting Army of Peru ground forces.

NA-50 XXI-41-3 (c/n 50-950). One of the original seven NA-50's built is displayed on a pedestal in front of the Museo Aeronáutico del Perú at Las Palmas Air Base, Lima, Peru, and next to the Mausoleum of Captain José Quiñones Gonzáles, (a Peruvian national hero who died while flying an NA-50). This example was initially assigned to Escuadrón de Aviación No.1 (Chiclayo Field) and was later transferred to the 28th Advanced Fighter Training Group, 4th squadron until retired in 1967.

A replica of the NA-50 was built from a Canadian Harvard and is currently airworthy.


Aviación de Las Palmas


Also, on background, is the view from the front on the Peruvian Air Force School named by Jorge Chavez, which was finished by him.


Top right is a Peruvian coat of arms.

The coat of arms of Peru is the national symbolic emblem of Peru.

All four share the same escutcheon or shield, consisting of three elements: the top left section shows the vicuña, the national animal, on a light-blue field, representing the fauna of Peru; the tree in the top right section is the cinchona tree (the source of quinine, a powerful anti-malarial drug and the key flavorant in tonic water), on a white background, representing the national flora; and the bottom cornucopia with coins spilling from it, on a red field, represents the mineral resources of the country.

The Coat of arms (Escudo de Armas) has a palm branch on its left and an laurel one on its right, tied by a red and white ribbon, as well as a Holm oak Civic Crown above it. These represent God, gold, and glory. This variant is used on the national ensign (Enseña Nacional) or state flag. Its use on its own is infrequent, except on currency, both on coins and bills, and stamps.

A circle is shown to the left of the center - an image of a puma head in the design of the Inca.

Denomination in numerals are bottom left and right. Lower, in center, in words.


10 Nuevos Soles 2006

Caza FAP XXI-41-3

An airplane "Caza FAP XXI-41-3" on which Quinones performed acrobatic maneuver (inverted flight, just 2 meters from the earth) at his final exam, in 1938 in in the headquarters of the flight school "Central de Aeronáutica - Jorge Chávez", as well as the signature of the hero from July 21, 1939.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. Lower, in center, in words.


Security thread.

Below left is a hologram rectangle. If you look closely at it then you can make out the denomination - 10. If you look at a rectangle with a very acute angle, the numeral 100 becomes more evident. Denomination in numeral from the right side changes color to green, when the banknote is tilted.

The name is a return to that of Peru's historic currency, the Sol in use from the 19th century to 1985. Although the derivation of Sol is the Latin solidus, the word also happens to mean sun in Spanish. There is a continuity therefore with the old Peruvian Inti, which was named after Inti, the Sun God of the Incas.