header Notes Collection
Top

1 Dollar 2007, Antarctic

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 01.03.2007
Edition: 10000
Signatures: D. John Hamilton
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 01.03.2007
Material: Plastic coated with a pattern and holograms
Size (mm): 160 х 80
Printer: British American Bank Note Co. Ltd., Montreal

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Dollar 2007

Description

Watermark:

Avers:

1 Dollar 2007

Emperor penguins.

In order to adapt to extreme cold, Emperor penguins have developed unique forms of behavior. During the cold and dark winter months the male birds which remain at the colony form a compact huddle, also known as the turtle formation, where from tens to thousands of birds lean on each other and gradually shift positions so as each to benefit from the warmth in the core of the huddle. This behavior can be observed in chicks in less extreme temperatures (see section above). Emperor penguins travel long distances over sea ice to reach their colonies and in doing so spend a lot of time sledging on their bellies. The penguins can often be observed sliding single file in groups of 20-30 birds.

In the upper right corner are the stars from Australian flag.

Revers:

1 Dollar 2007

In the top corner is a printed circuit of Antarctica and commemorative emblem 1996 - 2006.

Emperor penguins.

The emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica. The male and female are similar in plumage and size, reaching 122 cm (48 in) in height and weighing anywhere from 22 to 45 kg (49 to 99 lb). The dorsal side and head are black and sharply delineated from the white belly, pale-yellow breast and bright-yellow ear patches. Like all penguins it is flightless, with a streamlined body, and wings stiffened and flattened into flippers for a marine habitat.

Its diet consists primarily of fish, but can also include crustaceans, such as krill, and cephalopods, such as squid. In hunting, the species can remain submerged up to 18 minutes, diving to a depth of 535 m (1,755 ft). It has several adaptations to facilitate this, including an unusually structured hemoglobin to allow it to function at low oxygen levels, solid bones to reduce barotrauma, and the ability to reduce its metabolism and shut down non-essential organ functions.

The only penguin species that breeds during the Antarctic winter, emperor penguins trek 50-120 km (31-75 mi) over the ice to breeding colonies which may include thousands of individuals. The female lays a single egg, which is incubated by the male while the female returns to the sea to feed; parents subsequently take turns foraging at sea and caring for their chick in the colony. The lifespan is typically 20 years in the wild, although observations suggest that some individuals may live to 50 years of age.

Comments:

The Jubilee note - 10 years from the first date of Antarctic banknotes issue.

Informal currency Antarctic continent.

Created by a group of enthusiasts, U.S. citizens, founded in 1996 Antarctic Overseas Bank, despite the fact that according to international agreements, Antarctica is not the territory of any state, and therefore not entitled to its own currency.

Denomination banknotes issued by the Antarctic Overseas Bank from 1996 to present - 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollars. According to the organizers shares, each such banknote can be exchanged for U.S. dollars at par and send all proceeds to finance scientific research in Antarctica itself.