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5000 Forint 2005, Hungary

in Krause book Number: 191a
Years of issue: 2005
Edition: 24 200 000
Signatures: Henrik Auth, Zsigmond Járai, Adamecz Péter
Serie: Second Series
Specimen of: 01.04.1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 154 x 70
Printer: Magyar Pénzjegynyomda, Budapest

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5000 Forint 2005

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Security thread. Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék.

Avers:

5000 Forint 2005

Gróf Széchenyi IstvánThe engraving on banknote is based on this paint of Count István Széchenyi by Austrian painter Friedrich Amerling, 1836. Today this paint located in Regional headquarters of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Veszprém.

Count István Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék (21 September 1791 - 8 April 1860) was a Hungarian politician, theorist and writer, one of the greatest statesmen of Hungarian history. István is a Hungarian name equivalent of the name Stephen.

From September 1815 to 1821, Széchenyi traveled extensively in Europe, visiting France, England, Italy, Greece and the Levant, and studying their institutions. He also established important personal connections. The rapid modernisation of Britain fascinated him the most, and strongly influenced his thinking. He was also impressed with the Canal du Midi in France, and began to envision ways to improve navigation on the lower Danube and Tisza rivers.

The Count quickly became aware of the growing gap between the modern world and his native Hungary. For the rest of his life, he was a determined reformer and promoted development. Széchenyi found early political support from his friend, Baron Miklós Wesselényi, a noble from Transylvania; however, their relation later weakened.

On the left side is Hungarian coat of arms.

coat

The current coat of arms of Hungary was reinstated on July 3, 1990, after the end of communist rule. The arms have been used before, both with and without the Holy Crown of Hungary, sometimes as part of a larger, more complex coat of arms, and its elements date back to the Middle Ages.

The shield is split into two parts:

The dexter (left side from the viewer's point) features the so-called Árpád stripes, four Argent (silver) and four Gules (red) stripes. Traditionally, the silver stripes represent four rivers: Duna (Danube), Tisza, Dráva, and Száva.

The sinister (right side from the viewer's point) consists of an Argent (silver) double cross on Gules (red) base, situated inside a small Or (golden) crown, the crown is placed on the middle heap of three Vert (green) hills, representing the mountain ranges (trimount) Tátra, Mátra, and Fátra.

There are many myth ans legends about curved cross on the top of St.Stefan crown. But here is one of them, mostly known.

crown

"What could have caused this damage, and when? In studying the history of the Holy Crown, were found the following: When King Albert died in 1439, his wife was already pregnant with the boy who would become László V. To secure the Crown for her son, she instructed her lady-in-waiting, the wife of Kottaner János, to steal it from Visegrád, where it was kept. She arranged the theft, packed the Crown in a large red velvet pillow, and covered it with cowhide. Then they took the Crown to Komárom, and from there to Székesfehérvár, where they crowned the 3-month old infant with it. The Queen, however, still would not relinquish the Crown, and instructed the same lady-in-waiting to take it to Győr. As Kottaner Jánosné wrote in her journal:

“I took the Holy Crown, and wrapped it very well in a shawl, and placed it in the cradle, among straw, because his highness did not sleep on feathers yet, and I also put a large spoon next to him, with which one usually amuses children. I did this so that, should anyone reach into the cradle, he should think there was something there with which one amuses the noble king. At that time, no one knew of this, except my gracious lady and myself.”

The cradle was placed on a cart, and the little king was placed in it. On the way, the infant was often taken out and placed back in. An infant’s weight corresponds perfectly with the pressure estimated by Gyergyai. In addition, the first repairs made to the Holy Crown correspond to the methods used around 1440." (Magyar news)

Top left is guilloche window.

On the left side is a hologram strip with Hungarian coats of arms.

Denominations in numerals are top and bottom right. In center in words.

Revers:

5000 Forint 2005

The Széchenyi Palace in the nearby Nagycenk.

The Széchenyi Palace in the nearby Nagycenk

The residence of the noble family has a beautiful wrought-iron gate and a French garden. In spite of its humble exterior, the castle is one of the most beautiful country mansions of Hungary. The family’s coat of arms is displayed on the front balcony supported by Tuscan pillars. The palace has a remarkable library with a collection of 6,000 maps and a numismatic and mineral collection. The István Széchenyi Memorial Museum presents the life and work of count István Széchenyi, the "Greatest Hungarian".

Top right are four Braille dots for the visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals are top and bottom left. Bottom left also in words.

Comments:

Obverse engraver: Vagyoczki Karoly Del. Et.SC.

Reverse engravers: Vagyoczki Karoly Del. Et.SC, Bojtos K. Sc.

Security options:

Intaglio printing

Horizontal serial number in the ultraviolet glow orange and the vertical in red colors.

The watermark is made in the form of a mirror image, repeating motif on the obverse.

Hologram stripe, depending on the angle, shows coat of arms of Bank of Hungary and the denomination 5000.

In the upper right corner is seen through image with letter H.