header Notes Collection

1 Gulden 1954, Netherlands New Guinea

in Krause book Number: 11
Years of issue: 08.12.1954
Signatures: De Minister van overzeese rijksdelen: Dr. Willem Kernkamp (in office 2 September 1952 – 18 July 1956)
Serie: 1954 Issue
Specimen of: 08.12.1954
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 128 х 59
Printer: Joh. Enschede en Zonen, Haarlem

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Gulden 1954




Rhombic grid.


1 Gulden 1954

Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina van Oranje-Nassau

HM The Queen Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina (30 April 1909, Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands - 20 March 2004, Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Netherlands) was the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands between 1948 and 1980. She was the only child of Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry. She became Queen of the Netherlands with her mother's abdication in 1948 and was succeeded by Queen Beatrix after her own abdication in 1980. During her reign both Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) (proclaimed in 1945, recognized in 1949) and Suriname in 1975 became independent from the Netherlands. Upon her death at the age of 94, she was the longest-lived former ruling monarch in the world.

Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina van Oranje-Nassau

Queen Juliana's Jewels on the portrait:

Juliana chose to wear a Juliet cap, an open-work cap frequently decorated with gemstones (and named after the Shakespeare character). Juliana's cap was "crowned by a diamond star and edged in pearls," with "four smaller diamond stars," more pearls, and rubies. The cap was reportedly designed "especially to flatter its wearer" and made using gemstones from the family's jewelry collections.

The press also correctly noted that Juliana paired her bejeweled cap with ruby and diamond pieces from the family's jewelry vaults. She paired the necklace from the Ruby Peacock Parure (borrowed from Wilhelmina) with the ruby cluster drop earrings and large ruby and diamond stomacher from the Mellerio Ruby Parure. (

Drepanornis albertisiThe Black-billed Sicklebill (Drepanornis albertisi), also known as Buff-tailed Sicklebill (leading to easy confusion with the hermit hummingbird Eutoxeres condamini), is a medium-sized, about 35 cm long, brown bird of paradise. The male has a bare maroon grey skin around its eye, buff colored tail, dark brown iris, yellow mouth and black sickle-like bill. It is adorned with dark horn-like forecrown feathers, an erectile fan-like bronze neck plumes and elongated purple-tipped flank plumes. Unadorned brown female is smaller with bill longer than male and dark barred below.

Distributed to mountain forests of New Guinea. The scientific name commemorates the Italian naturalist Luigi Maria d'Albertis, who discovered this species in 1872.

Denominations in numerals are in the top corners. In words lower, centered.


1 Gulden 1954

Papua ornament.


The gulden was the currency of Netherlands New Guinea until 1963. Until 1950, issues of the Netherlands Indies circulated. A separate currency came into being when West New Guinea became the only part of the Netherlands Indies to remain in Dutch control. The currency was fixed at parity with the Dutch gulden. It circulated until Netherlands New Guinea became part of Indonesia as West Irian in 1963. That year, the West Irian rupiah replaced the gulden at par.

Two series of banknotes were issued for Netherlands New Guinea: one in 1950 and another in 1954. Both series consisted of denominations of 1, 2½, 5, 10, 25, 100 and 500 gulden.