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10 Gulden 1968, Netherlands

in Krause book Number: 91b
Years of issue: 04.01.1971
Edition: 1 453 000 000
Signatures: Secretaris: C.T.De Bijll Nachenius, President: Jelle Zijlstra
Serie: 1966 - 1972 Issue
Specimen of: 25.4.1968
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 142 х 76
Printer: Joh. Enschede en Zonen, Haarlem

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Gulden 1968

Description

Watermark:

Watermark

Cornucopia is a symbol of abundance and wealth.

Built into the paper fibers, in the ultraviolet, are yellow.

Avers:

10 Gulden 1968

Frans HalsThe engraving on banknote is made after this self portrait of Frans Hals, circa 1648-1650. Oil on panel. Today belongs to Indianapolis Museum of Art.

Frans Hals the Elder (c. 1582 - 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter born in the Southern Netherlands (present-day Belgium). He is notable for his loose painterly brushwork, and helped introduce this lively style of painting into Dutch art. Hals was also instrumental in the evolution of XVII-century group portraiture.

Hals is best known for his portraits, mainly of wealthy citizens, like Pieter van den Broecke and Isaac Massa, whom he painted three times. He also painted large group portraits for local civic guards and for the regents of local hospitals. He was a Dutch Golden Age painter who practiced an intimate realism with a radically free approach. His pictures illustrate the various strata of society; banquets or meetings of officers, guildsmen, local councilmen from mayors to clerks, itinerant players and singers, gentlefolk, fishwives and tavern heroes. In his group portraits, such as The Banquet of the Officers of the St Adrian Militia Company in 1627, Hals captures each character in a different manner. The faces are not idealized and are clearly distinguishable, with their personalities revealed in a variety of poses and facial expressions.

Hals was fond of daylight and silvery sheen, while Rembrandt used golden glow effects based upon artificial contrasts of low light in immeasurable gloom. Both men were painters of touch, but of touch on different keys - Rembrandt was the bass, Hals the treble. Hals seized, with rare intuition, a moment in the life of his subjects. What nature displayed in that moment he reproduced thoroughly in a delicate scale of color, and with mastery over every form of expression. He became so clever that exact tone, light and shade, and modeling were obtained with a few marked and fluid strokes of the brush. He became a popular portrait painter, and painted the wealthy of Haarlem on special occasions. He won many commissions for wedding portraits (the husband is traditionally situated on the left, and the wife situated on the right). His double portrait of the newly married Olycans hang side by side in the Mauritshuis, but many of his wedding portrait pairs have since been split up and are rarely seen together.

More information about the works of Frans Hals you can get at Artsy's Frans Hals page .

Lower left are three Braille dots for the visually impaired.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. In words lower, little to the right from center.

Revers:

10 Gulden 1968

The composition of geometric shapes (bulls eye). Top left are two windows. The first reminds a turbine. The second looks like target.

Micro text at the left side in Dutch:

"Wetboek van Strafrecht Artikel 208

Hij die muntspeciën of munt- of bankbiljetten namaakt of vervalst, met het oogmerk om die muntspeciën of munt- of bankbiljetten als echt en onvervalst uit te geven of te doen uitgeven, wordt gestraft met gevangenisstraf van ten hoogste negen jaren."

Also in English:

"Penalty Code Article 208: He who imitates coins or notes of banknotes with the intention to issue for real, or have these coins or notes or banknotes issued for real, will be punished with imprisonment of up to nine years."

The penalty text is "continuous printed", repeated. The text is 2x complete and further partially. The font goes from large to small and back and is also partly printed negative.

Denominations in numerals are in top right and lower left corners.

Comments:

Designer: Ootje Oxenaar.

Paper made by "nv Papierfabrieken van Houtum & Palm".

Issued into circulation at 4 January 1971.

Withdrawn from circulation at 28 January 2002.

I got this note in Amsterdam International Airport "Schiphol" at 26 of December 1996.