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50 Pesos 2008, Mexico

in Krause book Number: 123
Years of issue: 28.10.2008
Edition:
Signatures: Cajero Principal: Raul Valdes Ramos, Junta de Gobierno: Roberto del Cueto Legaspi
Serie: Polymer Serie
Specimen of: 21.11.2006
Material: Polymer
Size (mm): 127 x 66
Printer: Banco de México, Mexico

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Pesos 2008

Description

Watermark:

watermark

José María Morelos y Pavón. This is an image that is manufactured directly onto the cotton-paper and the polymer substrate and can be seen on both sides of the banknote when placed against the light, with all its details and different tones.

In lower right corner is a window with denomination 50 inside and a caterpillar of monarch butterfly on top.

Avers:

50 Pesos 2008

The key motif is the image of José María Morelos y Pavón (September 30, 1765, City of Valladolid, now Morelia, Michoacán - December 22, 1815, San Cristóbal Ecatepec, State of México), who in 1810 joined Miguel Hidalgo's independence movement and in 1813 convened and installed the Chilpancingo Congress. Before this assembly the “Sentiments of the Nation” were presented, a document in which Morelos set aside his authority and declared himself “servant of the nation.” In addition, the document established, among other propositions, independence, a republican regime, the prohibition of slavery, and equality for all citizens. In 1814, the Congress finished its work and promulgated the Constitution of Apatzingán, Mexico's first constitution.

The image of Morelos is accompanied by an illustration, comprised of two cannons one on top of the other, the standard used by Morelos's forces, as well as a bow and arrow with the word “SUD”.

There is an assumption, that the word SUD means "Santos de los Últimos Días" or "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints" (Mormons). The assumption is not verified yet!

Top left is clear window with a butterfly Danaus plexippus, which changes color when tilted. Bottom right is the same window with a butterfly, but also with her caterpillar.

Danaus plexippus

The Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae. It may be the best known of all North American butterflies. Since the 19th century, it has been found in New Zealand, and in Australia where it is called the wanderer. Monarchs migrate over hundreds to thousands of miles to overwintering locations in Mexico. Southward migrations start in August until the first frost. There is a northward migration in the spring. The eastern population migrates both north and south on an annual basis. But no individual makes the entire round trip. Female monarchs lay eggs for the next generation during these migrations.

By the end of October, the population east of the Rocky Mountains migrates to the sanctuaries of the Mariposa Monarca Biosphere Reserve within the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests in the Mexican states of Michoacán and México. The western population overwinters in various coastal sites in central and southern California, United States, notably in Pacific Grove, Santa Cruz, and Grover Beach.

The text on the left:"QUE LA ESCLAVITUD SE PROSCRIBA PARA SIEMPRE Y LO MISMO LA DISTINCIÓN DE CASTAS, QUEDANDO TODOS IGUALES, Y SÓLO DISTINGUIRÁ A UN AMERICANO DE OTRO EL VICIO Y LA VIRTUD".

In English: "The outlaw slavery forever and the same the distinction of caste. All are the same, and only distinguished things between American citizens should be vice and virtue".

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. Centered, above, in words.

Revers:

50 Pesos 2008

aqueductx morelia

A limestone fountain draws visitors to the Plaza Villalongin , located at the eastern end of Avenida Madero, with a pretty fountain and landscaped garden. The fountain is still fed by the famous colonial Acueducto, whose final 253 arches run for almost a mile across the city, designed to bring water into the city from the hillside springs of El Rincón and San Miguel, 8 km. (5 miles) away. Some arches reach a height of 10 meters (33 ft.), and look especially stunning when illuminated at night. The aqueduct was built between 1785 and 1789 by Fray Antonio de San Miguel, who also created the cobbled calzada (avenue), which bears his name . This lovely shaded walk leads from Plaza Villalongin at the city end along a good length of the aqueduct. This construction has become an icon of the city. (www.waymarking.com)

Three monarch butterflies appears in front of it.

On the left side of the aqueduct is a representation of the pre-Hispanic symbol of the state of Michoacán (Mechuaca, which means “those of the land of fish”, taken from the codex telleriano remensis).

Emblem of Bank of Mexico is on top left.

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners. Above, centered, in words.

Comments:

Banknote Serie L.

Some features of the banknote’s surface are in raised print (intaglio and/or embossing), which is perceptible by touch, specially the “Banco de México” text, the bust-head figure, the denomination number, the mark for the blind and visually impaired people, and the denomination in letters. Cotton-paper banknotes have intaglio in the color-shifting element and polymer notes have embossing in the clear window.

In the 50-peso banknote the intaglio can be felt on the cannons frame.

In this banknote, the butterfly's left wing and the caterpillar next to the clear window change color.

The front and back microprinting texts which are very small texts, which usually require of a magnifying glass to be read. These texts appear repeatedly on the front and back of the 50-peso banknote with the legend "50PESOS".

The thread crosses the banknote vertically and when holding it against the light, the banknote's denomination can be seen on it. The thread is manufactured directly onto the polymer substrate.

The front and back of all banknotes have figures formed by lines of colors which give the main color to the banknote. These figures are difficult to imitate with printers or photocopy machines as they have dotted-base figures instead of line-based figures. A magnifying glass is recommended to better observe these figures.

Perfect register consists of impressions made on both sides of the banknote which, when seen against the light, complement each other exactly and form an image. In the F type banknotes, these impressions correspond to the map of Mexico and the compass rose.

The 20- and 50-peso banknotes have a clear window in which the denomination can be seen on top of the lines.

On the back of the banknotes there are designs printed with fluorescent ink, which glow when placed against ultraviolet light (also known as “black light”).