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50 Meticais 1986, Mozambique

in Krause book Number: 129b
Years of issue: 1983, 1986
Edition: --
Signatures: no signature
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 16.06.1986
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 х 68
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Meticais 1986

Description

Watermark:

Avers:

50 Meticais 1986

The theme is the Popular Forces for the Liberation of Mozambique.

On the left are the Popular Forces for the Liberation of Mozambique as a modern regular army.

SA-6 GainfulMore to the left is Anti-aircraft missile system "Cube" (export version "Square"), made in USSR (Зенитный ракетный комплекс "Куб", экспортный вариант "Квадрат"). SAM "Cube" under the code "Square" through Foreign Economic channels delivered to the armed forces of 25 countries (Algeria, Angola, Benin, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Guinea, Hungary, Vietnam, Egypt, India, Iraq, Yemen, Cuba, North Korea, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Poland, the "Front Plisario", Romania, Syria, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia, Tanzania, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Ethiopia and others). High combat effectiveness of SAM "Cube" repeatedly confirmed during the conduct of hostilities.

The 2K12 "Kub" (Russian: 2К12 "Куб"; English: cube) (NATO reporting name: SA-6 "Gainful") mobile surface-to-air missile system is a Soviet low to medium-level air defence system designed to protect ground forces from air attack. "2К12" is the GRAU designation of the system.

Each 2K12 battery consists of a number of similar tracked vehicles, one of which carries the 1S91 (SURN vehicle, NATO designation "Straight Flush") 25 kW G/H band radar (with a range of 75 km. (47 mi.)) equipped with a continuous wave illuminator, in addition to an optical sight. The battery usually also includes four triple-missile transporter erector launchers (TELs), and four trucks, each carrying three spare missiles and a crane. The TEL is based on a GM-578 chassis, while the 1S91 radar vehicle is based on a GM-568 chassis, all developed and produced by MMZ.

The development of the 2K12 was started after 18 July 1958 at the request of the CPSU Central Committee. The system was set the requirements of being able to engage aerial targets flying at speeds of 420 to 600 m/s (820-1,170 kn) at altitudes of 100 to 7,000 m. (330 to 22,970 ft.) at ranges up to 20 km. (12 mi.), with a single shot kill probability of at least 0.7.

The systems design was the responsibility of the now Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design (NIIP). In addition to NIIP several other design bureaus were involved in the creation of the Kub missile system including the now "JSC Metrowagonmash" (former MMZ), which designed and produced the chassis of the self-propelled components. Many of the design bureaus would later go on to co-operate in the development of the successor to the 2K12 "Kub", the 9K37 "Buk"

First trials of the missile system were started at the end of 1959 to discover a series of problems:

low power for the missile radar seeker and badly designed nose cone,

missile air inlets design failure,

low quality of heat shield inside the afterburner chamber (titanium was replaced by steel).

Those failures resulted in some "orgchanges": In August 1961 Toropov was replaced by Lyapin as the Chief Designer of Vympel and in January 1962 Tikhomirov was replaced by Figurovskiy as the Chief Designer of NIIP. Still, the work wasn't intensified. Before 1963 only 11 of 83 missiles fired had the seeker head installed, only 3 launches were successful.

Kub downed its first ever air target on February 18, 1963 during the state trials at Donguz test site, Orenburg Oblast. It was an Ilyushin Il-28 bomber.

SA-6 GainfulThe system entered an extended testing period between 1959 and 1966, after overcoming the technical difficulties of producing the 2K12 "Kub" the system was accepted into service on 23 January 1967 and went into production that same year.

It is sometimes claimed that the SA-N-3 Goblet naval system is a version of the 3M9 but this is not the case, as the M-11 Shtorm is a separate system and, unusually for Russian surface-to-air missiles, has no land-based variant.

The 2K12 "Kub" was recommended for modernisation work in 1967 with the goal of improving combat characteristics (longer range, improved ECCM, reliability and reaction time). A modernised variant underwent trial testing in 1972 eventually being adopted in 1973 as the "Kub-M1".[3] The system underwent another modernisation between 1974 and 1976, against the general combat characteristics of the system were improved with the "Kub-M3" clearing testing and entering service in 1976.

After the Chief designer Ardalion Rastov visited Egypt, in 1971, to see Kub in operation he came to the certain conclusion for the development of a new system, called Buk, where each TEL should have its own fire control radar (TELAR) and is able to engage multiple targets from multiple directions at the same time.

The final major development of the Kub missile system was achieved during the development of its successor, the 9K37 "Buk" in 1974. Although the Buk is the successor to Kub it was decided that both systems could share some interoperability, the result of this decision was the "Kub-M4" system. The Kub-M4 used Kub-M3 components which could receive fire control information from the 9А310 transporter erector launcher and radar (TELAR) of the 9K37 Buk. The advantage interoperability was an increase in the number of fire control channels and available missiles for each system as well as a faster service entry for Buk system components. The Kub-M4 was adopted into service in 1978 following completion of state trails.

At the right, the Commander-in-Chief of the Popular Forces (Samora Machel) delivers a flag to a detachment of guerrillas.

The Emblem of Mozambique is in the center.

coat

The national emblem of Mozambique, which was adopted in 1990 in the Constitution of Mozambique article 194. The Article clearly states the design and meaning of the device. It shows a gear wheel, bordered by corn stalks and sugarcane. In the middle there is a red sun over a map of Mozambique in green, and blue waves, an AK-47 crossed with a hoe, and a book. The wreath is tied with a ribbon bearing the name of the country.

As described in the Mozambican constitution article 194, the various parts of the emblem have a special symbolism, i.e.

the corn stalk and the sugar cane represent agricultural wealth

the cog wheel represents labor and industry

the book represents education

the hoe for "peasantry and agriculture production"

the AK-47 for "defense and vigilance"

the red star represents socialism, but is quoted in the Mozambican constitution to "symbolize the spirit of international solidarity of the Mozambican people".

the red sun symbolizes the building of a new life.

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners. Centered in words.

Revers:

50 Meticais 1986

The theme is the armed struggle for national liberation.

At the left are militias in training in the liberated areas and at the right are advancing guerrillas during the armed struggle.

On the left side is the Bank emblem.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and right corners.

Comments:

Reduced size of serial number.