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5 Tugrik 2008, Mongolia

in Krause book Number: 53
Years of issue: 2008
Edition: --
Signatures: Governor: Mr. Alag Batsukh
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 1993
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 120 х 59
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Tugrik 2008




Genghis Khan (1162 - August 1227), born Temujin, was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise.

He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of northeast Asia. After founding the Mongol Empire and being proclaimed "Genghis Khan," he started the Mongol invasions that resulted in the conquest of most of Eurasia. These included raids or invasions of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, Caucasus, Khwarezmid Empire, Western Xia and Jin dynasties. These campaigns were often accompanied by wholesale massacres of the civilian populations - especially in the Khwarezmian controlled lands. By the end of his life, the Mongol Empire occupied a substantial portion of Central Asia and China.


5 Tugrik 2008

Damdinii SükhbaatarThe engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Damdinii Sükhbaatar (on the photo he is with his wife Yanjmaa at their wedding in 1923).

Damdinii Sükhbaatar (Дамдины Сүхбаатар, February 2, 1893 - February 20, 1923) was a founding member of the Mongolian People's Party and leader of the Mongolian partisan army that liberated Khüree during the Outer Mongolian Revolution of 1921. Enshrined as the "Father of Mongolia's Revolution", he is remembered as one of the most important figures in Mongolia's struggle for independence.

SoyomboCentered is Soyombo.

The symbol looks like a special character out of the Mongolian Soyombo script that was invented by Zanabazar in 1686. It serves as a national symbol of Mongolia, to be found on the Flag of Mongolia, the Coat of arms of Mongolia, and on many other official documents.

The elements in the symbol are given the following significance (from top):

Fire is a general symbol of eternal growth, wealth, and success. The three tongues of the flame represent the past, present, and future.

Sun and moon symbolize that the Mongolian nation will exist for eternity as the eternal blue sky. Sun, moon and fire symbols derived from Xiongnu.

The two triangles allude to the point of an arrow or spear. They point downward to announce the defeat of interior and exterior enemies.

The two horizontal rectangles give stability to the round shape. The rectangular shape represents the honesty and justice of the people of Mongolia, whether they stand at the top or at the bottom of society.

The arga-bilge (Yin-yang) symbol illustrates the mutual complement of man and woman. In socialist times, it was alternatively interpreted as two fish symbolizing vigilance, because fish never close their eyes.

The two vertical rectangles can be interpreted as the walls of a fort. They represent unity and strength, relating to a Mongolian proverb: "The friendship of two is stronger than stone walls".

In the Soyombo script, the two variations of the Soyombo symbol are used to mark the start and end of a text. It is thought to be possible that the symbol itself may predate the script.

Paiza or Paizi or Gerege is a tablet of authority for the Mongol officials and envoys. This enabled the Mongol nobles and officials to demand goods and services from civilian populations.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners.


5 Tugrik 2008

Mountainous landscape and the horses eating grass.

Przewalski's horsePrzewalski's horse (тахь, Dzungarian horse) is a rare and endangered subspecies of wild horse (Equus ferus) native to the steppes of central Asia, specifically Mongolia. At one time extinct in the wild (in Mongolia, the last wild Przewalski's horses had been seen in 1966, it has been reintroduced to its native habitat in Mongolia at the Khustain Nuruu National Park, Takhin Tal Nature Reserve, and Khomiin Tal.

In top part of the note is an inscription - МОНГОЛ УЛС. In lower part - ТӨГРӨГ.

On the left side, in vertical frame, is an inscription - МОНГОЛБАНК (Bank of Mongolia).

Denominations in numerals are in three corners.


Security strip, micro text, aligned images.

In UV left design in the form of a square with the Mongolian numeral 5 fluoresces yellow, the upper serial number in orange. Some parts of of reverse stage in yellow.