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25 Latu 1928, Latvia

in Krause book Number: 18
Years of issue: 1928
Edition: 1000000
Signatures: Padomes priekssedetajs: Julijs Celms, Galvenais Direktors: Karlis Vanags
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 1928
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 134 х 90
Printer: Waterlow and Sons, Limited, London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

25 Latu 1928

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25 Latu 1928

Krišjānis Valdemārs Ventspils

The engraving on banknote is, probably, made after this photo by M. Lapins studio, in Riga.

Krišjānis Valdemārs (also spelt Christian Waldemar or Woldemar) (December 2, 1825 - December 7, 1891) was a writer, editor, educator, politician, lexicographer, folklorist and economist, the spiritual leader of the first Latvian National Awakening and the most prominent member of the Young Latvia movement.

In 1864 Valdemārs helped to establish first Latvian naval school in Ainaži. Many other Latvian naval schools was established during next years in the coastal towns of Latvia. It had big influence on local economy and culture because hundreds of Latvian peasant son's had chance to get education for free and becoming captains or steersman's. It led to Age of a sailers in Latvia as active shipbuilding started in coastal towns and villages and those Latvian built, Latvian owned and crewed ships became the first national merchant fleet which even was involved in trans Atlantic voyages.

boat boat

In lower left corner is a sailing ship, presumably - gaff schooner "Julia Maria". Unfortunately, I could not find the photo of the schooner, so here are the photos of a Latvian silver coin - 10 Latu 1995, from my collection.

The end of XIX century and beginning of the XX century in Latvia was the boom time of a wooden sailing ship constructions. This was facilitated by cheap timber and labor, as well as rich farmers, ship owners, who gain to economic independence. The main types of sailing ships were 2-4 mast schooner. Sailing team mostly consisted of local people - Latvians, who were educated in the so-called "Krišjānis Valdemārs naval colleges" (the first one opened in 1864, in Ainaži). From the XIX century till the second half of the first world war were built around 550 Latvian ships, suited for long sailing voyages.

On banknote is three mast schooner "Julia Maria", which was built by significant Latvian master Martin Morgenstern in 1895. It has length of 35 meters, a width of 8.5 meters, the largest mast height - 31 meter. "Julia Maria" owned by the brothers John and Girts Mucenieki. Its team were: captain, a navigator (sailing master), 4 sailors and a cook. In his 25 years of life "Julia Maria" made several transatlantic voyages and entered: Newport (United Kingdom), Lisbon (Portugal), Vlardingen (Netherlands), Tromso (Norway), Arkhangelsk (Russia), Trinidad (America, West Indies) and other ports. "Julia Maria" died in 1920, in the North Sea.

boat boat boat

In lower right corner is a steamer, Latvian icebreaker "Krišjānis Valdemārs".

At the beginning of November 2011, an expedition took place in the Gulf of Finland, during which the wreckage of the pre-war Latvian icebreaker "Krisjanis Valdemars" was identified.

Divers began making expeditions to the ship about three years ago, after it was discovered by an Estonian captain. The wreckage is located about 100 meters deep in the Gulf of Finland, writes LETA.

This year, special underwater robots were sent down to record the wreckage with special equipment, during which the ship was identified as the pre-war Latvian icebreaker "Krisjanis Valdemars".

The "Krisjanis Valdemars" was the only Latvian steamship operating in the 1920's and 1930's. It made its maiden voyage from Riga Port on January 13, 1926.

The icebreaker was used to open up shipping lanes to Riga Port, however, it was also seen as one of the young country's prides and was used to escort the Latvian president and government members on foreign visits.

After Latvia was occupied during WWII the ship was nationalized and was evacuated to Tallinn. In 1941, the "Krisjanis Valdemars" made it final voyage after it was sunk after hitting an underwater mine in the Baltic Sea on August 28, 1941. (www.baltic-course.com)

boatLower, right, on background, is the view of old Riga. The photo made in 1928.

Denominations in numeral and in words are centered. In numerals in all corners.

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25 Latu 1928

coat Latvia

The Latvian national Coat of Arms was formed after the proclamation of an independent Republic of Latvia on November 18, 1918, and was officially adopted on June 16, 1921. It was especially created for its independent statehood. The national coat of arms combines symbols of Latvian national statehood, as well as symbols of ancient historical districts.

The sun in the upper part of the coat of arms symbolizes Latvian national statehood. A stylized depiction of the sun was used as a symbol of distinction and national identity by the Imperial Russian Army's Latvian Riflemen during World War I. During the war, the sun figure was fashioned with 17 rays that symbolized the 17 Latvian-inhabited districts. The three stars above the coat of arms embody the idea of the inclusion of historical districts (Vidzeme, Latgale and combined Courland-Semigalia (Kurzeme-Zemgale) into the united Latvia.

Culturally historical regions are also characterized by older heraldic figures, which already appeared in the 17th century. Courland and Semigalia (Western Latvia) are symbolized by a red lion, which appears as early as 1569 in the coat of arms of the former Duke of Courland and Semigalia. Vidzeme and Latgale (Eastern Latvia) are symbolized by the legendary winged silver creature with an eagle's head, a griffin. This symbol appeared in 1566, when the territories known today as Vidzeme and Latgale had come under Lithuanian control.

Base of the coat of arms is decorated with the branches of an oak tree, Quercus robur, which is one of Latvian national symbols.

The Latvian national coat of arms was designed by the Latvian artist Rihards Zariņš.

Denominations in numerals are on the right and left sides. Under the coat of arms in words.

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