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10 Pesos 2010, Cuba

in Krause book Number: 117
Years of issue: 2010
Edition: --
Signatures: Presidente del Banco: Ernesto Medina Villaveiran
Serie: 2004 Issue
Specimen of: 1997
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 70
Printer: Los Talleres de Grabado en Acero y Timbre del Estado de La Habana, STC-P

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Pesos 2010

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Celia Sánchez Manduley.

Avers:

10 Pesos 2010

Text throughout the field of banknote: "Cuba - free territory of America, the homeland or death".

Maximo Gomez y BaezThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Maximo Gómez.

Máximo Gómez y Báez (November 18, 1836 - June 17, 1905) was a Dominican Major General in the Ten Years' War (1868-1878). He was also Cuba's military commander in that country's War of Independence (1895-1898).

Gomez retired from the Spanish Army and soon took up the rebel cause in 1868, helping transform the Cuban Army's military tactics and strategy from the conventional approach favored by Thomas Jordan and others. He gave the Cuban Mambises their most feared tactic: The "Machete Charge".

On October 26, 1868 at Pinos de Baire, Gomez led a Machete Charge on foot, ambushing a Spanish column and obliterating it. The Spanish Army was terrified of these charges because the majority (there were at least 200 Spanish casualties in the attack) were infantry troops, mainly conscripts, who were fearful of being cut down by the machetes. Because the Cuban Army always lacked sufficient munitions, the usual combat technique was to shoot once and then charge the Spanish.

In 1871 Gómez led a campaign to clear Guantánamo from forces loyal to Spain, in particular the rich coffee growers - mostly of French descent, whose their ancestors had fled from Haiti after the Haitians slaughtered the French.

Gómez carried out a bloody, but successful campaign, and most of his officers went on to become high-ranking officers, including Antonio and José Maceo, Adolfo Flor Crombet, Policarpo Pineda "Rustán", and many others.

Following the death in combat of Major General Ignacio Agramonte y Loynáz in May 1873, Gómez assumed the command of the military district of the province of Camaguey and its famed Cavalry Corps. Upon first inspecting the corps he concluded they were the best trained and disciplined in the nascent indigenous Cuban Army and would significantly contribute to the war for independence.

Denominations are in lower left and top right corners, also centered.

Revers:

10 Pesos 2010

"Guerra de todo el Pueblo" - "War of all People".

It is the strategic conception for National Defense, which summarizes the historical experience of the nation with regard to fighting numerical and technologically superior enemy. It is based on more extensive and efficient use of all the material and moral resources of society, organized in the Territorial Defensive System, as the basis of the defense capability of the state. It is the foundation of the Military Doctrine of the Cuban State and expresses the solution given by the mass of the Revolution to address the problems of national defense. Usually summarized by stating, that in case of a military aggression against Cuba on a large scale, every citizen will have a place and a way to engage the enemy until the victory is achieved.

Denominations are in top left and lower right corners.

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