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5000 Colones 2009, Costa Rica

in Krause book Number: 276
Years of issue: 02.09.2009 - present
Edition: 3 224 923
Signatures: Presidente: Francisco de Paula Gutierrez, Gerente: Roy Gonzalez Rojas
Serie: 2009 Issue
Specimen of: 02.09.2009
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 139 х 67
Printer: Francois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire SA, Colombes

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5000 Colones 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Alfredo González Flores and denomination 5000.

Avers:

5000 Colones 2009

Alfredo Gonzalez FloresThe engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Alfredo González Flores.

Alfredo González Flores (15 July 1877 - 28 December 1962) served as President of Costa Rica from 1914 to 1917. He was unable to complete his presidential mandate following a coup d'état on 27 January 1917, led by Federico Tinoco, his secretary for War and the Navy. During his administration, he founded the Normal School of Heredia (1915, of which he also was President of the Board), the National Electricity Cabinet and the International Bank of Costa Rica (now the National Bank of Costa Rica). He also created the Agricultural Credit Meetings, which led to a resurgence of economic, commercial and industrial activity in the country. He established the General Depots, the system of direct taxation and the Charity Tax Law. He governed during World War I, a time when he endured serious financial consequences. At a time when banks refused to facilitate credit for the Executive Branch, he created the International Bank, which had the ability to issue currency. From that moment, the State competed with private institutions.

On 27 January 1917, his own Secretary of the Army and Navy, Federico Tinoco, overthrew him. González followed the advice of his other ministers and left the country for the United States. He later worked for the recognition of the country's rights in different international forums. After returning to the country, he played an important role[which?] in the politics of Heredia. He was considered[by whom?] an authority in financial matters and a precursor of modern democracy. He was declared a national hero on 23 July 1954.

On background is the building of Banco Internacional. Reorganized in 1936.

At the top is hologram Costa Rica.

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners.

Revers:

5000 Colones 2009

Ecosystem - Mangrove (Manglar).

Cebus Capucinus

The white-headed capuchin (Cebus capucinus), also known as the white-faced capuchin or white-throated capuchin, is a medium-sized New World monkey of the family Cebidae, subfamily Cebinae. Native to the forests of Central America and the extreme north-western portion of South America, the white-headed capuchin is important to rainforest ecology for its role in dispersing seeds and pollen.

The white-headed capuchin is found in much of Central America and a small portion of South America. In Central America, its range includes much of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. It has also been reported to occur in eastern Guatemala and southern Belize, but these reports are unconfirmed. In South America the white-headed capuchin is found in the extreme north-western strip between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains in Colombia and northwestern Ecuador. It is among the most commonly seen monkeys in Central America's national parks, such as Manuel Antonio National Park, Corcovado National Park, Santa Rosa National Park and Soberania National Park.

It should also be noted that while it is very common in Costa Rica and Panama, the monkey has been largely extirpated from Honduras and much of Nicaragua. Many Honduran Capuchins were captured and relocated to the island of Roatán, and many Nicaraguan Capuchins were captured and relocated to the island of Ometepe. In Nicaragua, wild Capuchins may still be easily spotted in regions around Masaya, as well as around Bluefields and other locations around the South Caribbean coast. The monkey can also be observed near the Costa Rican border along the San Juan River, and in Kahka Creek Rainforest Preserve.

It is found in many different types of forest, including mature and secondary forests, and including evergreen and deciduous forests, dry and moist forests, and mangrove and montane forests.

Rhizophora mangle

On the right and left sides are Rhizophora mangle.

Rhizophora mangle, known as the red mangrove, is distributed in estuarine ecosystems throughout the tropics. Its viviparous "seeds" in actuality called propagules, become fully mature plants before dropping off the parent tree. These are dispersed by water until eventually embedding in the shallows. Rhizophora mangle grows on aerial prop roots, which arch above the water level, giving stands of this tree the characteristic "mangrove" appearance.

Lower right are four leafs of Rhizophora mangle.

Goniopsis pulchra

Goniopsis pulchra - The pacific sea crab.

Denomination in large numeral is in lower left corner.

Comments:

The colón (named after Christopher Columbus, known as Cristóbal Colón in Spanish) is the currency of Costa Rica.