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10000 Colones 2009, Costa Rica

in Krause book Number: 277
Years of issue: 02.09.2009 - present
Edition: 37 613 650
Signatures: Presidente: Francisco de Paula Gutierrez, Gerente: Roy Gonzalez Rojas
Serie: 2009 Issue
Specimen of: 02.09.2009
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 146 х 67
Printer: Francois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire SA, Colombes

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10000 Colones 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermark

José María Hipólito Figueres Ferrer and denomination 10000.

Avers:

10000 Colones 2009

Jose Figueres FerrerThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Jose Ferrer.

José María Hipólito Figueres Ferrer (25 September 1906 - 8 June 1990), served as President of Costa Rica on three occasions: 1948-1949, 1953-1958, and 1970-1974.

During his first term in office, he abolished the country's army, nationalized its banking sector, and granted women and blacks the right to vote.

Jose Figueres FerrerThe engraving on banknote is made after this photo in Costa-Rica newspaper.

On the background - abolishing the army.

After the civil war Figueres became President at the head of a provisional junta known as the "Junta Fundadora" (Founding Council) that held power for 18 months. During that time he abolished the army (as a precaution against the militarism that has perennially thwarted or undercut democracy in Central America). Figueres said, he was inspired to disarm Costa Rica. "The future of mankind cannot include armed forces. Police, yes, because people are imperfect", he declared. Ever since, Costa Rica has had no army and has maintained a 7,500-member national police force for a population of over four million.

On the banknote is a fragment of a photo from December 1, 1948, where Figueres participate in symbolic action, by hammer destroying part of the military barracks of Bellavista. Now in the old building of the fortress Bellavista, where previously housed the barracks and the army command, is the National Museum with a large garden.

At the top is hologram Costa Rica.

Denominations in numerals are in bottom right and top left corners.

Revers:

10000 Colones 2009

Ecosystem - Jungle (Bosque Lluvioso).

Bradypus variegatus

The brown-throated sloth (Bradypus variegatus) is a species of three-toed sloth found in the neotropical ecozone. It is the most common of the four species of three-toed sloth, and is found in the forests of South and Central America.

The brown-throated sloth is the most widespread and common of the three-toed sloths. It is found from Honduras in the north, through Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama into Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, and eastern Peru. It is probably not found north of the Amazon Rainforest or east of the Rio Negro, although its similarity to the pale-throated sloth found in these regions has led to some confusion in the past.

It is found in many different kinds of environments, including evergreen and dry forests and in highly perturbed natural areas. It is generally found from sea level to 1,200 m (3,900 ft), although some individuals have been reported from much higher elevations.

Eriopsis werklei

On the right side is the tropical Orchid Eriopsis werklei.

Lower are four toucans.

Cookeina speciosa

Flower Cookeina speciosa or Venus Wine Cup.

Cookeina is a genus of cup fungi in the family Sarcoscyphaceae, members of which may be found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Species may be found on fallen branches of angiosperms, trunks, and sometimes on fruits.

Denomination in large numeral is in lower left corner.

Comments:

The colón (named after Christopher Columbus, known as Cristóbal Colón in Spanish) is the currency of Costa Rica.