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1 Pound 1973, Cyprus

in Krause book Number: 43b
Years of issue: 01.05.1973
Edition: H 57 250 000
Signatures: Director: Christakis Costas Stephani
Serie: 1964 - 1966 Issue
Specimen of: 1.8.1966
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 149 х 90
Printer: Bradbury, Wilkinson & Company Limited, New Malden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Pound 1973

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Head of eagle.

Avers:

1 Pound 1973

Rosettes

On the left side, presumably, The rosette of the Tree of Life in Crete and Cyprus.

Urantia Book does not mention any flowers of the the tree of life. Both leaves and fruit of the tree of life were used by Van and his associates at first, and then by Adam and Eve subsequently. Thus, the tree of life was most likely a flowering shrub.

The tree of life was never transplanted to the Second Eden. However, Vanite ancestors of Assyrians were taught that their seven commandments were given to Van up on the mount Ararat or Urartu (p. 860, §6). Thus, one would expect the Assyrians in the neighborhood of the Second Garden would have kept the tradition of the tree of life.

The tribes that had some interaction with the First Eden residents may have retained some tradition of the tree of life. If the First Eden was a fingerlike peninsula attached to the eastern Mediterranean coast of Israel or Lebanon, residents in this region may have some tradition about the tree, as well noted in the Genesis, but due to their taboo, they may not have left any graven images.

The Vanite division of the northern Nodites migrated to Crete. Thus, Cretans should have kept the tradition of the tree of life. Also, Cyprus was probably the island closest to the First Eden. Cretans and Cypriots would have traded much due to proximity.

On the right side is the coat of arms.

coat Cyprus

The coat of arms of the Republic of Cyprus depicts a dove carrying an olive branch (a well-known symbol of peace) over “1960”, the year of Cypriot independence from British rule. The background is a copper-yellow colour; this symbolises the large deposits of copper ore on Cyprus (chiefly in the form of chalcopyrite, which is yellow in colour). The arms is not violating the rule of tincture, since the dove is not argent (silver) but blazoned as of the colour proper, i.e. it has the colour it would have in nature, in this case white.

The name of the bank in Greek and Turkish languages.

Lower right - the island of Cyprus.

Denominations in numerals are in top right and left corners. The date is in center.

Revers:

1 Pound 1973

Gymnasium

On the right side are the remains of gymnasium at Salamis, built in the 1st century AD over the ruins an earlier structure destroyed by an earthquake.

Salamis (meaning "salt," probably from Greek salos, "the tossing or swell of the sea") was located on the east coast of Cyprus, just north of modern Famagusta. Whereas Paphos was the official capital of the island and the seat of the Roman governor, Salamis was the commercial center.

According to the Homeric epics, Salamis was founded after the Trojan War by the archer Teucer, who came from the island of Salamis, off Attica (the region around Athens, Greece). This literary tradition probably reflects the Sea Peoples' occupation of Cyprus about 1193 BC, and Teucer perhaps represents Tjekker found in Egyptian records. Later, the city grew because of its excellent harbor; it became the main trade outlet of Cyprus.

Kamares

On the left side is an old Aqueduct, known as "The Kamares", stands outside the town on the way to Limassol. It was built in Roman style in 1745 to carry water from a source about 6 miles south of Larnaka into the town. The aqueduct is illuminated at night.

Denomination in words is in lower left corner.

Comments:

never released

The banknote withdrawn from circulation at 01.03.1984.

The British introduced the pound sterling unit to Cyprus in 1879 at a rate of one to 180 Turkish piastres. It remained equal in value to the pound sterling until 1972 and was initially divided into 20 shillings (σελίνι / σελίνια, şilin). The shilling was divided into 9 piastres (γρόσι / γρόσια, kuruş), thus establishing a nomenclature link to the previous currency. The piastre was itself divided into 40 para (like the kuruş). The para denomination did not appear on any coins or banknotes but was used on postage stamps.

In 1955, Cyprus decimalized with 1000 mils (μιλς, mil) to the pound. Colloquially, the 5 mil coin was known as a "piastre" (not an exact equivalence) and the 50 mil coin as a "shilling" (an exact equivalence). The subdivision was changed to 100 cents (σεντ, sent) to the pound on 3 October 1983. At that time, the smallest coin still in circulation was that of 5 mils. This was renamed as ½ cent, but soon was abolished. Mil-denominated coins are no longer legal tender.