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20 Dollars 2012, Canada

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 07.11.2012
Edition:
Signatures: Deputy Governor: Mr. Tiff Macklem, Governor: Mr. Mark Carney
Serie: The Frontier Polymer Series
Specimen of: 07.11.2012
Material: Polymer
Size (mm): 152.4 х 69.85
Printer: Canadian Bank Note Company Limited, Ottawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Dollars 2012

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The main security features of the new banknotes are two transparent windows: one - in the form of a maple leaf (national heraldic symbol of Canada), another - in the form of a broad vertical strip with two metalized images - reduced portrait of Her Majesty The Queen Elizabeth II and one of the buildings of the Parliament of Canada (Image have a holographic shine and well visible from the front and back).

At 20 Dollars that is the Peace Tower.

The Peace Tower (officially the Tower of Victory and Peace, tour de la Victoire et de la Paix) is a focal bell and clock tower, sitting on the central axis of the Centre Block of the Canadian parliament buildings in Ottawa, Ontario. The present incarnation replaced the 55-metre (180 ft) Victoria Tower after the latter burned down in 1916, along with most of the Center Block. Only the Library of Parliament survived.

Avers:

20 Dollars 2012

Her Majesty The Queen Elizabeth II.

The portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, Canada’s head of state, is an engraving by Jorge Peral, Vice-President, Design and Master Engraver with Canadian Bank Note Company Limited. It is based on a photograph taken by Ian Jones in 2010-2011. Continuing with the Bank of Canada's informal images of Her Majesty, the image on the $20 dollar note issued in 2012 was commissioned by the Bank of Canada and provided in co-operation with Buckingham Palace. Wearing her traditional pearls (usually worn in informal images) and a plain dress, it is a refined yet matronly image of The Queen. Her Majesty is also depicted as an image in the security feature on the front and back of the note.

silver jubilee necklace

The Three Strand Pearl Necklaces.

Queen Elizabeth's standard daytime wardrobe includes pearls, of course; usually a triple strand necklace. She has at least three of these, according to Leslie Field in The Queen's Jewels:

1) A gift from her grandfather, King George V, to commemorate his Silver Jubilee in 1935.

2) One made from graduated family pearls which the Queen had created with a diamond clasp soon after she acceded the throne in 1952.

3) A gift for her coronation in 1953 from the Emir of Qatar, also with a diamond clasp.

And there are more as well. The differences between pearl necklaces are hard to track, especially when you can't see the clasp (and you normally can't when the Queen wears them). "From her Majesty's Jewel vault" (англ.).

Also on HM The Queen are Devonshire earrings.

Devonshire earrings

Purchased by the Ladies of Devonshire, headed by Lady Clinton, as a wedding present for Princess May of Teck (later Queen Mary) and made to match a pearl and diamond necklace presented by the "Ladies of England". The earrings were a wedding present from Queen Mary to Princess Elizabeth in 1947. (A Royal Wedding 1947)

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners.

Revers:

20 Dollars 2012

Memorial de Vimy

The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is featured on the new $20 note as a tribute to Canada’s contributions and sacrifices in military conflicts throughout its history. Located on the site of the 1917 Battle of Vimy Ridge, the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in France was erected in honour of Canadian service during the First World War.

The Battle of Vimy Ridge.

In April 1917, all four divisions of the Canadian Corps fought together and successfully captured Vimy Ridge in France, after several failed attempts by other Allied forces. This victory is often described as Canada’s coming of age.

Located at the highest point of Vimy Ridge, the Canadian National Vimy Memorial bears the names of the 11,285 Canadian First World War servicemen with no known resting place in France. The memorial was erected on land that was granted permanently to Canada by France in 1922, in recognition of Canada’s war efforts. The following words are inscribed on the base of the monument: “To the valour of their countrymen in the Great War and in memory of their sixty thousand dead this monument is raised by the people of Canada”.

Designed by Canadian sculptor Walter Seymour Allward, the limestone monument features two pylons that stand 30 meters high. With a maple leaf carved in one and a Fleur-de-lis in the other, the pylons represent the sacrifices of people from Canada and France. There are twenty sculpted human figures on the monument. Among them is a group of allegorical figures known as "The Chorus." They represent the virtues of Peace, Justice, Hope, Charity, Faith, Honour, Truth and Knowledge. Reaching upward with a torch, Peace is the highest figure on the monument.

On the right and left sides are the poppies.

The presence of red poppies on the battlefields and graves throughout Europe during the First World War inspired today a symbol of remembrance. In mourning the death of a friend, a Canadian military doctor and artillery commander Major John Alexander McCray writes In Flanders Fields , now known poem, which represents the living presence of poppies in a landscape devastated by war.

Canadian flag is near the monument.

The Canadian flag’s presence here indicates that although the Vimy memorial is not in Canada, it is actually on Canadian soil, granted by the Government of France to the people of Canada, for all time. Vimy Ridge is a 14-kilometre long escarpment that overlooks the Douai plain of northern France, near the city of Arras. The Canadian National Vimy Memorial is located on the highest point of the ridge.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.

Comments:

The banknotes are manufactured by Ottawa-based companies Canadian Bank Note Company and BA International. They are made from a single sheet of polymer substrate branded as "Guardian" manufactured by Innovia Films, which is the only supplier of the substrate for the Frontier Series, based on a polymer developed in Australia and used by Note Printing Australia to print the banknotes of the Australian dollar since 1988. The material is less likely to tear than cotton-based paper, and is more crumple resistant and water resistant. The polymer notes are made of recyclable biaxially-oriented polypropylene (BOPP).