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100 Dollars 2009, Canada

in Krause book Number: 105b
Years of issue: 2009
Edition:
Signatures: Deputy Governor: Mr. Paul Jenkins, Governor: Mr. Mark Carney
Serie: Canadian journey
Specimen of: 17.11.2004
Material: 75% cotton, 25% kraft fibre
Size (mm): 152.4 х 69.85
Printer: Canadian Bank Note Company Limited, Ottawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

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100 Dollars 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Sir Robert Laird Borden. Look at the note under UV (ultraviolet) light. Check that the text "BANK OF CANADA - BANQUE DU CANADA" and a number matching the note’s value glow in interlocking red and yellow. Red and yellow fibres are scattered on both sides of the note.

Avers:

100 Dollars 2009

Robert Laird BordenThe engraving on banknote is, presumablz, based after this photo.

Sir Robert Laird Borden (June 26, 1854 - June 10, 1937) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He served as the eighth Prime Minister of Canada from October 10, 1911 to July 10, 1920 and was the third Nova Scotian to hold this office. After retiring from public life, he served as the chancellor of Queen's University.

Robert Borden was born at Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, on June 26, 1854, the descendant of prerevolutionary American émigrés. He was educated at the Acacia Villa Seminary in Horton, Nova Scotia, and as a youth he taught at the Glenwood Institute in Matawan, N.J. Returning to his native province in 1874, he began the study of law and was called to the bar in 1878. Borden practiced first in Halifax, then in Kentville, and then again in Halifax, where in 1889 he became head of his own law firm. He seemed headed for a successful career as a lawyer until he became interested in politics.

In 1896 Borden was elected to the House of Commons as a Conservative member for Halifax. The party was beginning a 15-year period in opposition, and within a few years Borden made a respectable reputation for himself in Parliament. The party leader, Sir Charles Tupper, was a doughty fighter but old and somewhat discredited in certain quarters, and after his defeat in the general election of 1900 there was a general feeling that his career was over. Certainly Borden did not envisage that he would be Tupper's successor, and it was with great surprise that he saw the party caucus turn to him. His first reaction to the offer was negative, but he finally agreed to accept the post for a year. The year stretched into two and then three, and Borden was soon permanent leader of the Conservative party.

Borden's tenure was neither easy nor immediately successful. In 1904 and 1908 the Conservatives were decisively beaten by Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberals, and Borden was making little impact in the country. The issue that finally propelled Borden into power was that of reciprocity with the United States. The Laurier government had negotiated a treaty with the United States in 1911, an act that frightened Canadian businessmen and manufacturers, who had been sheltered so long behind the high tariff of the national policy. Borden had found his issue, and with it he attracted enormous support from the "interests," garnered thousands of disaffected Liberal voters, and won a clear victory in the general election of 1911.

Borden's government was not particularly strong. His Quebec representation was weak, and the financial affairs of many of the English-Canadian ministers were not conducted ethically. Borden himself was above reproach, but he apparently lacked the ruthlessness necessary to become a first-class prime minister. Still, legislation on railways and civil service reform began to appear on the statute books, and the militia was reorganized and made more efficient. Not even the downturn in business that began in 1911 was enough to completely dampen enthusiasm in Canada.

The outbreak of war in 1914 did not change the mood either. Borden's government immediately offered a contingent, mobilized it with impressive speed, and shipped it to England in the largest convoy ever to cross the Atlantic to that time. No one expected a long war, but by the time the first casualty reports began pouring into Ottawa from France in the spring of 1915, few could have doubted that the struggle would be difficult. Borden's task was formidable. He had to organize the government for war, a task that was never really accomplished. He had to see to it that industry was geared up for maximum production, a task that was well done. Above all he had to galvanize the Canadian people, both French and English.

This task was not accomplished; in fact, the reverse took place in Quebec. Borden did not understand the Canadien, and he permitted recruiting in that province to be botched. Few French-Canadian officers received important commands, patronage was rampant, and ethnic prejudice swept the nation. The whole crisis came to a head in 1917 when Borden decided that conscription was necessary to reinforce Canada's troops at the front. Quebec was opposed to conscription, and after Borden's efforts to unite with Laurier in a coalition failed, he determined on a coalition without Quebec. By October 1917 he had his Union government and his conscription bill, and in December 1917, after a blatantly racist campaign conducted by his party, he had a renewed mandate. Canada was badly split, and the irony of the situation was that conscripts did not reach the front in sufficient numbers to have major impact before the end of the war.

By the end of the war, Borden was exhausted by his labors, and soon he began to seek release. In 1920 he passed the mantle of prime minister to Arthur Meighen and entered what he hoped would be a quiet retirement. But the following year he was called back to be Canadian delegate at the Washington Conference of 1921-1922, and in 1930 he was Canada's representative at the League of Nations. Meanwhile he was writing about constitutional questions and serving as the director of numerous private companies. (encyclopedia.com)

In the middle is the East block of Canadian Parliament building on Parliament Hill in Ottawa.

east block

The original East Block was once the domain of some famous Canadians. Indeed, Sir John A. Macdonald and Sir George-Étienne Cartier had offices in this block, as did a number of Governors General and members of the Privy Council.

East BlockWhen the 1910 wing was added, in effect linking the two ends of the original building and enclosing a courtyard, the intent was to provide space for government employees, not legislators and their staff. Consequently, this section is less ornate than the rest of the building. Nevertheless, parliamentary functions gradually encroached.

The 1910 wing had six massive vaults, originally used for storing the nation's financial treasures before the Bank of Canada was constructed. Rumours have circulated for years that gold was once kept here. The vaults have been converted to office space, but the original doors have been preserved.

Today, the East Block contains many senators' offices, as well as some rooms re-created in the style of the early years of Confederation.

The East Block on Parliament Hill was built in two stages. The main section went up in the mid-1800s at the same time as the West Block and the original Centre Block. Then, in 1910, a wing was added to the rear. The purpose, style and appearance of the 1910 wing were quite different from those of the earlier structures. Today's conservation and renovation work aims to preserve the distinctive characteristics of both sections. (Public Works and Government Services Canada)

The coat of arms of Canada, maple leafs and denomination 100 are on hologram strip (on the left side).

The flag of Canada is in top right corner.

Denominations in numeral are in top left and lower right corners.

Revers:

100 Dollars 2009

The themes of exploration and innovation are illustrated with images of Canadian achievements in cartography and communications.

mapA map of Canada (in lower left corner) created by Samuel de Champlain in 1632 is paired with a birch bark canoe and juxtaposed with depictions of a satellite image of the country, satellite "Radarsat-1" , and a telecommunications antenna.

radarsat 1

Radarsat-1 is Canada's first commercial Earth observation satellite. It utilized synthetic aperture radar (SAR) to obtain images of the Earth's surface to manage natural resources and monitor global climate change. As of March 2013, the satellite was declared non-operational and is no longer collecting data.

It was launched at 14:22 UTC on November 4, 1995,[2] from Vandenberg AFB in California, into a sun-synchronous orbit (dawn-dusk) above the Earth with an altitude of 798 kilometers (496 mi) and inclination of 98.6 degrees. Developed under the management of the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) in co-operation with Canadian provincial governments and the private sector, it provided images of the Earth for both scientific and commercial applications. Radarsat-1's images are useful in many fields, including agriculture, cartography, hydrology, forestry, oceanography, geology, ice and ocean monitoring, arctic surveillance, and detecting ocean oil slicks.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) provided the Delta II rocket to launch Radarsat-1 in exchange for access to its data. Estimates are that the project, excluding launch, cost $620 million (Canadian). The Canadian federal government contributed about $500 million, the four participating provinces (Quebec, Ontario, Saskatchewan and British Columbia) about $57 million, and the private sector about $63 million.

Radarsat International, Inc. (RSI), a Canadian private company, was created in 1989 to process, market and distribute Radarsat-1 data. (Radarsat International, Inc. (RSI) was later acquired by MacDonald Dettwiler and Associates.) In 2006, RSI was rebranded MDA Geospatial Services International or MDA GSI.

Above the old map is an excerpt from Miriam Waddington’s poem, Jacques Cartier in Toronto, and its French translation by Christine Klein-Lataud, summarizes humanity’s eternal quest for discovery.

Miriam Waddington (Miriam Waddington, nee Dworkin, December 23, 1917 - March 3, 2004, Canadian poet, writer of short stories and an interpreter) "Jacques Cartier in Toronto" and its French translation by Christine Klein-Lataud.

"Do we ever remember that somewhere above the sky in some child's dream perhaps Jacques Cartier is still sailing, always on his way always about to discover a new Canada?".

The phrase emphasizes the eternal human quest for discovery.

Denominations in numeral are in top left and lower right corners.

Comments:

This series incorporated security features never before seen in Canadian bank notes. Canadian Journey notes were distinguished not only by enhanced security features, but also by world-class designs and the introduction of a tactile feature to help the blind and partially sighted to identify the different denominations.

First issue: 17.11.2004