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10 Dollars 2008, Canada

in Krause book Number: 102b
Years of issue: 2008 - 02.2010
Edition:
Signatures: Deputy Governor: Mr. Paul Jenkins, Governor: Mr. Mark Carney
Serie: Canadian journey
Specimen of: 18.05.2005
Material: 75% cotton, 25% kraft fibre
Size (mm): 152.4 х 69.85
Printer: Canadian Bank Note Company Limited, Ottawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Dollars 2008

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Sir John Alexander Macdonald. Look at the note under UV (ultraviolet) light. Check that the text "BANK OF CANADA - BANQUE DU CANADA" and a number matching the note’s value glow in interlocking red and yellow. Red and yellow fibres are scattered on both sides of the note.

Avers:

10 Dollars 2008

John Alexander MacdonaldThe engraving of Sir John Alexander Macdonald portrait on banknote made from Photo of July 23, 1886, during his visit to Calgary.

Canada’s first prime minister, Sir John A. MacDonald paid a visit to Calgary on this day in 1886. Not a major occurrence by today’s standards but when you consider that Calgary’s population in 1884 was 506, that we had only incorporated as a town and elected our first mayor that same year, it was quite something! Here is the story from the "Herald":

"July 23, 1886

Sir John A. Macdonald arrives in Calgary:

Sir John A. Macdonald, Lady Macdonald, Comptroller White, and Mr. Pop, private secretary, arrived in Calgary at half-past one en route to Victoria.

The arrival of the premier had been anxiously awaited in Calgary, and was greeted enthusiastically by the concourse of citizens who had assembled at the station.

Upon his arrival, Sir John was met by Judge Roulean, Dr. Henderson, Amos Rowe and others, while the citizens and band hailed the premier’s arrival with cheers and music.

At three o’clock the party drove out, accompanied by a large concourse of citizens, to the Geddes and Brown ranch, where the police were encamped. A review was held by the banks of the Bow, and evidently excited the liveliest interest in Sir John’s mind judged by the care with which he followed the various manoeuvres." (Calgary Herald)

Sir John Alexander Macdonald (11 January 1815 - 6 June 1891), was the first Prime Minister of Canada (1867-1873, 1878-1891) and one of Canada's Fathers of Confederation. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career which spanned almost half a century. Macdonald served 19 years as Canadian Prime Minister; only William Lyon Mackenzie King served longer. Macdonald was designated as the first Prime Minister of the new nation, and served in that capacity for most of the remainder of his life, losing office for five years in the 1870s over the Pacific Scandal (corruption in the financing of the Canadian Pacific Railway). After regaining his position, he saw the railroad through to completion in 1885, a means of transportation and freight conveyance that helped unite Canada as one nation. Macdonald is credited with creating a Canadian Confederation despite many obstacles, and expanding what was a relatively small colony to cover the northern half of North America. By the time of his death in 1891, Canada had secured most of the territory it occupies today.

In the middle is Library of Parliament.

Bibliotheque du Parlement

The Library of Parliament (Bibliothèque du Parlement) is the main information repository and research resource for the Parliament of Canada. The main branch of the library sits at the rear of the Centre Block, on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, and is the last untouched part of that larger building's original incarnation, after it burned down in 1916. The library has been augmented and renovated a number of times since its construction in 1876, the last between 2002 and 2006, though the form and decor remain essentially authentic.

The coat of arms of Canada, maple leafs and denomination 10 are on hologram strip (left).

The flag of Canada is in top right corner.

Denomination in numeral on the right side.

Revers:

10 Dollars 2008

A veteran and two young people observe a Remembrance Day service as members of the Land and Naval Forces stand vigil. A member of the Armed Forces in a peacekeeping role complements the scene. Featured on the back of the note are the first verse of John McCrae’s poem, In Flanders Fields, and its French adaptation, Au champ d’honneur, by Jean Pariseau, together with doves and a wreath of poppies, which symbolize peace and commemoration.

IN FLANDERS FIELDS POEM

The World’s Most Famous WAR MEMORIAL POEM

By Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae:

"In Flanders fields the poppies blow

Between the crosses, row on row,

That mark our place: and in the sky

The larks still bravely singing fly

Scarce heard amid the guns below."

Lieutenant Colonel John Alexander McCrae (November 30, 1872 - January 28, 1918) was a Canadian poet, physician, author, artist and soldier during World War I, and a surgeon during the Second Battle of Ypres, in Belgium. He is best known for writing the famous war memorial poem "In Flanders Fields". McCrae died of pneumonia.

Remembrance Day (also known as Poppy Day or Armistice Day) is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth countries since the end of World War I to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty. This day, or alternative dates, are also recognised as special days for war remembrances in many non-Commonwealth countries. Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November to recall the end of hostilities of World War I on that date in 1918. Hostilities formally ended "at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month," in accordance with the Armistice, signed by representatives of Germany and the Entente between 5:12 and 5:20 that morning. ("At the 11th hour" refers to the passing of the 11th hour, or 11:00 am.) World War I officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919.

The day was specifically dedicated by King George V on 7 November 1919 as a day of remembrance for members of the armed forces who were killed during World War I. This was possibly done upon the suggestion of Edward George Honey to Wellesley Tudor Pole, who established two ceremonial periods of remembrance based on events in 1917.

The Initial or Very First Armistice Day was held at Buckingham Palace commencing with King George V hosting a "Banquet in Honour of the President of the French Republic" during the evening hours of November 10, 1919. The first official Armistice Day was subsequently held on the grounds of Buckingham Palace on the Morning of November 11, 1919. This would set the trend for a day of Remembrance for decades to come.

The red remembrance poppy has become a familiar emblem of Remembrance Day due to the poem "In Flanders Fields". These poppies bloomed across some of the worst battlefields of Flanders in World War I, their brilliant red colour an appropriate symbol for the blood spilled in the war.

Denomination in numeral top left.

Comments:

This series incorporated security features never before seen in Canadian bank notes. Canadian Journey notes were distinguished not only by enhanced security features, but also by world-class designs and the introduction of a tactile feature to help the blind and partially sighted to identify the different denominations.

First issue: 17.01.2001

Second issue: 18.05.2005